Cognizance of offences by Special Magistrates
5. A Special Magistrate may take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Act, committed within the territorial limits of his jurisdiction:-
(a) upon receiving a complaint of facts which constitutes such offences;
(b) upon a report in writing of such facts made by any police officer;
(c) upon information received from any person other than a police officer or upon his own knowledge or suspicion that such offence has been committed.
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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs