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The Constitution of the People‌‌‍’s Republic of Bangladesh

( ACT NO. OF 1972 )

Proclamation of emergency
141A. (1) If the President is satisfied that a grave emergency exists in which the security or economic life of Bangladesh, or any part thereof, is threatened by war or external aggression or internal disturbance, he may issue a Proclamation of Emergency 2[for one hundred twenty days]:
 
 
 
 
3[* * *]
 
 
 
 
4[Provided that such Proclamation shall require for its validity the prior counter signature of the Prime Minister.]
 
 
 
 
(2) A Proclamation of Emergency –
 
 
 
 
(a) may be revoked by a subsequent Proclamation;
 
 
 
 
(b) shall be laid before Parliament;
 
 
 
 
(c) shall cease to operate at the expiration of one hundred and twenty days, unless before the expiration of that period it has been approved by a resolution of Parliament: 5[* * *]
 
 
 
 
Provided that if any such Proclamation is issued at a time when Parliament stands dissolved or the dissolution of Parliament takes place during the period of one hundred and twenty days referred to in sub clause (c), the Proclamation shall cease to operate at the expiration of thirty days from the date on which Parliament first meets after its re constitution, unless before that expiration of the said period of thirty days a resolution approving the Proclamation has been passed by Parliament 6[or at the expiration of one hundred and twenty days, whichever occurs first.].
 
 
(3) A Proclamation of Emergency declaring that the security of Bangladesh, or any part thereof, is threatened by war or external aggression or by internal disturbance may be made before the actual occurrence of war or any such aggression or disturbance if the President is satisfied that there is imminent danger thereof.
Suspension of provisions of certain articles during emergencies
141B. While a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, nothing in articles 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 and 42 shall restrict the power of the State to make any law or to take any executive action which the State would, but for the provisions contained in Part III of this Constitution, be competent to make or to take, but any law so made shall, to the extent of the incompetency, cease to have effect as soon as the Proclamation ceases to operate, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before the law so ceases to have effect.
Suspension of enforcement of fundamental rights during emergencies
141C. (1) While a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the President may, 7[on the written advice of the Prime Minister, by order], declare that the right to move any court for the enforcement of such of the rights conferred by Part III of this Constitution as may be specified in the order, and all proceedings pending in any court for the enforcement of the right so specified, shall remain suspended for the period during which the Proclamation is in force or for such shorter period as may be specified in the order.
 
 
 
 
(2) An order made under this article may extend to the whole of Bangladesh or any part thereof.
 
 
 
 
(3) Every order made under this article shall, as soon as may be, be laid before Parliament.]
 
 

  • 1
    Part IXA was inserted by section 6 of the Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1973 (Act No. XXIV of 1973).
  • 2
    The words " for one hundred twenty days" were added by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 41 (a).
  • 3
    The proviso was omitted by section 28 of the Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975 (Act No. II of 1975)
  • 4
    The proviso was added by section 17 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)
  • 5
    Omitted by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment ) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 41 (b).
  • 6
    Added by the Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 2011 (Act XIV of 2011), section 41 (c).
  • 7
    The words and comma “on the written advice of the Prime Minister, by order” were substituted for the words “by order” by section 18 of the Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. XXVIII of 1991)
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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs