Print View

[Section Index]

The Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act, 1974

( ACT NO. XXVI OF 1974 )

Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

1[5. (1) The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) comprises area of sea extending to a line every point of which is at a distance of 200 NM from the nearest base point of the Territorial Sea Baseline:

Provided that the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, alter the limit of the EEZ.

(2) In the EEZ, Bangladesh shall have,-

(a)    sovereign rights for the purpose of exploration, exploitation, conservation and management of the natural resources, both living and non-living as well as for producing energy from tides, currents and winds including navigation of vessels and conducting economic activities;

(b)    exclusive rights and jurisdiction for construction, maintenance or operation of artificial island, off-shore terminal, installations and other structures and devices necessary for any other purposes;

(c)    exclusive jurisdiction to authorize, regulate and control of marine scientific research, to preserve and protect the marine environment and to prevent and control of marine pollution;

(d)    exclusive jurisdiction to enforce customs, fiscal, sanitary and immigration laws over artificial islands, installations and structures; and

(e)    such other rights as recognized by international law.

(3) Other States shall enjoy internationally lawful uses of the sea related to those except military exercise in the EEZ.

(4) For the purpose of this section, the Government may make rules-

(a)    to prevent, mitigate and control of pollution in the EEZ;

(b)    to determine the allowable catch of fish;

(c)    to determine the usage, exploration, exploitation, preservation and management of living and non-living resources;

(d)    to board vessels;

(e)    to declare the Designated Areas and Safety Zones in the EEZ; areas of environmental protection such as ship to ship transfers of oil and other commodities, laying of submarine cables and pipelines by other States; and

(f)  to determine the military and other activities in the EEZ.]

Copyright © 2019, Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division
Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs