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The Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act, 1974

( ACT NO. XXVI OF 1974 )

Criminal jurisdiction over a foreign ship in the Territorial Sea, etc

3B.  (1) Bangladesh shall have criminal jurisdiction on board a foreign ship passing through the Territorial Sea to arrest any person or to conduct any investigation and prosecute any person in connection with any crime committed on board the ship during its passage in the following cases, namely:-

(a) if the consequences of the crime extend to Bangladesh;

(b) if the crime is of a kind which disturbs the peace of Bangladesh, is contrary to laws of Bangladesh or the good order of its Territorial Sea;

(c) if the assistance of the local authorities has been requested by the master of the ship or by a diplomatic agent or consular officer of the flag State; or

(d) if such measures are necessary for the suppression of human trafficking, arms trafficking and illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances.

(2) Nothing contained in sub-section (1) shall prejudice the rights of Bangladesh to take any steps authorized by its laws for the purpose of arrest or investigation on board a foreign ship within the Internal Waters or passing through the Territorial Sea after leaving Internal Waters.

(3) The Government may make rules for the passage of vessels carrying nuclear and radioactive substances and hazardous waste passing through all or any part of the Internal Waters and Territorial Sea.

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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs