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The Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act, 1974

( ACT NO. XXVI OF 1974 )

Rights and jurisdiction in the Continental Shelf

1[7A. Bangladesh shall have the following sovereign rights and jurisdiction in the Continental Shelf, namely:-

(a) exploration and exploitation of its natural resources;

(b) authorization and regulation of the construction, operation, maintenance and use of artificial islands, off-shore terminals, installations and other structures and devices including Designated Areas and Safety Zones, necessary for the exploration and exploitation of the resources of the Continental Shelf or for the convenience of shipping or for any other economic purposes;

(c) authorization and regulation of drilling for any purposes;

(d) authorization, regulation and control of marine scientific research;

(e) preservation and protection of marine environment;

(f) prevention and control of marine pollution; and

(g) enforcement of customs, fiscal, sanitary and immigration laws with regard to construction of artificial islands, installations and structures.

Explanation.- For the purpose of clause (a), “natural resources” mean mineral and other non-living resources of the seabed and subsoil together with living organisms belonging to sedentary species, that is to say, organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact with the seabed or subsoil.

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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs