2. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-
(a) “action” means action taken by way of decision, recommendation or approval or in any other manner and includes failure to act;
(b) “competent authority” means-
(i) in relation to a Ministry, the Minister,
(ii) in relation to a statutory public authority, the Government,
(iii) in relation to a public officer, the appointing authority or, where there is no such authority, the Government;
(c) “public officer” means a public officer as defined in Article 152 of the Constitution and includes a chairman, mayor, director, member, trustee, officer or other employee of a statutory public authority or of any other authority, corporation, body or organisation established, owned, managed or controlled by the Government;
(d) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act.