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The Drugs Act, 1940

( ACT NO. XXIII Of 1940 )

An Act to regulate the import, export, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs.♣

 
WHEREAS it is expedient to regulate the import into, export from, and the manufacture, distribution and sale in, Bangladesh of drugs;
 
 
 
 
[* * *]
 
 
 
 
It is hereby enacted as follows:-
 
 
 

Chapter I

INTRODUCTORY

Short title, extent and commencement
1. (1) This Act may be called the Drugs Act, 1940.
 
 
 
 
(2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh.
 
 
 
 
1[(3) It shall come into force at once; but Chapter III and IV shall take effect only from such date as the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint in this behalf.]
Application of other laws not barred
 
 
 
 
2. The provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the Dangerous Drugs Act, 1930, and any other law for the time being in force.
Definitions
 
 
 
 
3. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-
 
 
 
 
(a) “the Board” means the Drugs Technical Advisory Board constituted under section 5;
 
 
(b) “drug” includes¬-
 
 
 
 
(i) all medicines for internal or external use of human beings or animals, and all substances intended to be used for or in the treatment, mitigation or prevention of diseases in human beings or animals, not being medicines and substances exclusively used or prepared for use in accordance with the ayurvedic, unani, homoeopathic or biochemic system of medicine,
 
 
 
 
(ii) diagnostic, abortive and contraceptive substances, surgical ligatures, sutures, bandages, absorbent cotton, bacteriophages, adhesive plasters, gelatine capsules and antiseptic solutions,
 
 
 
 
(iii) such substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the human body or intended to be used for the destruction of vermins or insects which cause disease in human beings or animals,
 
 
 
 
(iv) any substance, mentioned as monograph in any of the editions of the British Pharmacopoeia or the British Pharmaceutical Codex or the United States Pharmacopoeia or the National Formulary of the United States or the International Pharmacopoeia, whether alone or in combination with any substance exclusively used in the unani, ayurvedic, homoeopathic or biochemic system of medicine and intended to be used for any of the purposes mentioned in sub clauses (i), (ii) and (iii), and
 
 
 
 
(v) any other substance which the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare to be a “drug” for the purposes of this Act;
 
 
 
 
2[(ba) “to export” means to take out of Bangladesh by sea, land or air;
 
 
(bb) “licensing authority” means such authority as may be prescribed;
 
 
 
 
(bc) “manufacture” in relation to any drug includes any process or part or stage of process for making, altering, ornamenting, finishing, packing, labelling, breaking up or otherwise treating or adopting any drug with a view to its sale and distribution, but does not include the compounding and dispensing or the packing of any drug in the ordinary course of retail business or on a prescription of a registered medical practitioner or dentist or of a veterinarian, and ‘to manufacture' shall be construed accordingly;]
 
 
 
 
(c) “to import”, with its grammatical variations and cognate expressions, means to bring into Bangladesh;
 
 
 
 
(d) “patent or proprietary medicine” means a drug which is a remedy or prescription prepared for internal or external use of human beings or animals, and which is not for the time being recognised by the Permanent Commission on Biological Standardisation of the World Health Organisation or in the latest edition of the British Pharmacopoeia or the British Pharmaceutical Codex or any other pharmacopoeia authorised in this behalf by the Government after consultation with the Board;
 
 
 
 
3[(e) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act.]
Presumption as to poisonous substances
 
 
 
 
4. Any substance specified as poisonous by rule made under Chapter III or Chapter IV shall be deemed to be a poisonous substance for the purposes of Chapter III or Chapter IV, as the case may be.
 
 

Chapter II

THE DRUGS TECHNICAL ADVISORY BOARD, THE CENTRAL DRUGS LABORATORY AND THE DRUGS CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEE

The Drugs Technical Advisory Board
5. (1) The Government shall, as soon as may be, constitute a Board (to be called the Drugs Technical Advisory Board) to advise the Government on technical matters arising out of the administration of this Act and to carry out the other functions assigned to it by this Act.
 
 
 
 
4[(2) The Board shall consist of such members including a Chairman as the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint such members.]
 
 
 
 
(2A) [Omitted by section 3 and the Second Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]
 
 
 
 
5[(3) The member of the Board shall hold office for such term as the Government may fix.]
 
 
 
 
(4) The Board may, subject to the previous approval of the Government, make by laws fixing a quorum and regulating its own procedure and the conduct of all business to be transacted by it.
 
 
 
 
(5) The Board may constitute sub committees and may appoint to such sub committees for such periods, not exceeding three years, as it may decide, or temporarily for the consideration of particular matters, persons who are not members of the Board.
 
 
 
 
(6) The functions of the Board may be exercised notwithstanding any vacancy therein.
 
 
 
 
(7) The Government shall appoint a person to be Secretary of the Board and shall provide the Board with such clerical and other staff as the Government considers necessary.
The Central Drugs Laboratory
 
 
6. (1) The Government shall, as soon as may be, establish a Central Drugs Laboratory under the control of a Director to be appointed by the Government, to carry out the functions entrusted to it by this Act or any rules made under this Chapter:
 
 
 
 
Provided that, if the Government so prescribes, the functions of the Central Drugs Laboratory in respect of any drug or class of drugs shall be carried out at any prescribed Laboratory and the functions of the Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory in respect of such drug or class of drugs shall be exercised by the Director of that Laboratory.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Government may, after consultation with the Board, make rules prescribing-
 
 
 
 
(a) the functions of the Central Drugs Laboratory;
 
 
 
 
6[* * *]
 
 
 
 
(d) the procedure for the submission to the said Laboratory under Chapter IV of samples of drugs for analysis or test, the forms of the Laboratory's reports thereon and the fees payable in respect of such reports;
 
 
 
 
(e) such other matters as may be necessary or expedient to enable the said Laboratory to carry out its functions;
 
 
 
 
(f) the matters necessary to be prescribed for the purposes of the proviso to sub section (1).
[Omitted.]
 
 
 
 
7. [The Drugs Consultative Committee.- Omitted by section 3 and the Second Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]
 
 

Chapter III

IMPORT OF DRUGS

Standards of quality
8. (1) For the purposes of this Chapter the expression “standard quality” when applied to a drug means that the drug complies with the standard set out in the Schedule. (2) The Government, after consultation with the Board and after giving by notification in the official Gazette not less than three months' notice of its intention so to do, may by a like notification add to or otherwise amend the Schedule for the purposes of this Chapter, and thereupon the Schedule shall be deemed to be amended accordingly.
Misbranded drugs
 
 
 
 
9. For the purposes of this Chapter a drug shall be deemed to be Misbranded-
 
 
 
 
(a) if it is an imitation of, or substitute for, or resembles in a manner likely to deceive, another drug, or bears upon it or upon its label or container the name of another drug, unless it is plainly and conspicuously marked so as to reveal its true character and its lack of identity with such other drug; or
 
 
 
 
(b) if it purports to be the product of a place or country of which it is not truly a product; or
 
 
 
 
(c) if it is imported under a name which belongs to another drug; or
 
 
 
 
(d) if it is so coloured, coated, powdered or polished that damage is concealed, or if it is made to appear of better or greater therapeutic value than it really is; or
 
 
 
 
(e) if it is not labelled in the prescribed manner; or
 
 
 
 
(f) if its label or container or anything accompanying the drug bears any statement, design or device which makes any false claim for the drug or which is false or misleading in any particular; or
 
 
 
 
(g) if the label or container bears the name of an individual or company purporting to be the manufacturer or producer of the drug, which individual or company is fictitious or does not exist.
Prohibition of import of certain drugs
 
 
 
 
10. From such date as may be fixed by the Government by notification in the official Gazette in this behalf, no person shall import
 
 
 
 
(a) any drug which is not of standard quality;
 
 
 
 
(b) any misbranded drug;
 
 
(c) any drug for the import of which a licence is prescribed, otherwise than under, and in accordance with, such licence;
 
 
 
 
(d) any patent or proprietary medicine, unless there is displayed in the prescribed manner on the label or container thereof either the true formula or list of ingredients contained in it in a manner readily intelligible to members of the medical profession;
 
 
 
 
(e) any drug which by means of any statement, design or device accompanying it or by any other means, purports or claims to cure or mitigate any such disease or ailment, or to have any such other effect, as may be prescribed;
 
 
 
 
(f) any drug the import of which is prohibited by rule made under this Chapter:
 
 
 
 
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to the import, subject to prescribed conditions, of small quantities of any drug for the purpose of examination, test or analysis or for personal use:
 
 
 
 
Provided further that the Government may, after consultation with the Board, by notification in the official Gazette, permit, subject to any conditions specified in the notification, the import of any drug or class of drugs not being of standard quality.
 
 
 
 
Explanation. The formula or list of ingredients mentioned in clause (d) shall be deemed to be true and a sufficient compliance with that sub clause if, without disclosing a full and detailed recipe of the ingredients, it indicates correctly all potent or poisonous substances contained therein together with an approximate statement of the composition of the medicine.
Application of law relating to sea customs and powers of Customs officers
 
 
 
 
11. (1) The law for the time being in force relating to sea customs and to goods, the import of which is prohibited by 7[section 15 of the Customs Act, 1969], shall, subject to the provisions of section 13 of this Act, apply in respect of drugs the import of which is prohibited under this Chapter, and
 
 
officers of Customs and officers empowered under that Act to perform the duties imposed thereby on a 8[Collector of Customs] and other officers of Customs, shall have the same powers in respect of such drugs as they have for the time being in respect of such goods as aforesaid.
 
 
 
 
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of sub section (1), the 9[Collector of Customs], or any servant of the 10[Republic] authorised by the Government in this behalf, may detain any imported package which he suspects to contain any drug the import of which is prohibited under this Chapter, and shall forthwith report such detention to the Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory and, if required by him, forward the package or samples of any suspected drug found therein to the said Laboratory.
Power of Government to make rules
 
 
 
 
12. (1) The Government may, after consultation with the Board and after previous publication by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of this Chapter.
 
 
 
 
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may-
 
 
 
 
(a) specify the drugs or classes of drugs for the import of which a licence is required, and prescribe the form and conditions of such licences, the authority empowered to issue the same, and the fees payable therefore;
 
 
 
 
(b) prescribe the methods of test or analysis to be employed in determining whether a drug is of standard quality;
 
 
 
 
(c) prescribe, in respect of biological and organo-metallic compounds, the units or methods of standardisation;
 
 
(d) specify the diseases or ailments which an imported drug may not purport or claim to cure or mitigate and such other effects which such drug may not purport or claim to have;
 
 
 
 
(e) prescribe the conditions subject to which small quantities of drugs, the import of which is otherwise prohibited under this Chapter, may be imported for the purpose of examination, test or analysis or for personal use;
 
 
 
 
(f) prescribe the places at which drugs may be imported, and prohibit their import at any other place;
 
 
 
 
(g) require the date of manufacture and the date of expiry of potency to be clearly and truly stated on the label or container of any specified imported drug or class of such drug, and prohibit the import of the said drug or class of drug after the expiry of a specified period from the date of manufacture;
 
 
 
 
(h) regulate the submission by importers, and the securing, of samples of drugs for examination, test or analysis by the Central Drugs Laboratory, and prescribe the fees, if any, payable for such examination, test or analysis;
 
 
 
 
(i) prescribe the evidence to be supplied, whether by accompanying documents or otherwise, of the quality of drugs sought to be imported, the procedure of officers of Customs in dealing with such evidence, and the manner of storage at places of import of drugs detained pending admission;
 
 
 
 
(j) provide for the exemption, conditionally or otherwise, from all or any of the provisions of this Chapter and the rules made thereunder of drugs imported for the purpose only of transport through, and export from, Bangladesh;
 
 
 
 
(k) prescribe the conditions to be observed in the packing in bottles, packages or other containers, of imported drugs;
 
 
 
 
(l) regulate the mode of labelling drugs imported for sale in packages, and prescribe the matters which shall or shall not be included in such labels;
 
 
(m) prescribe the maximum proportion of any poisonous substance which may be added to or contained in any imported drug, prohibit the import of any drug in which that proportion is exceeded, and specify substances which shall be deemed to be poisonous for the purposes of this Chapter and the rules made thereunder;
 
 
 
 
(n) require that the accepted scientific name of any specified drug shall be displayed in the prescribed manner on the label or wrapper of any imported, patent or proprietary medicine containing such drug;
 
 
 
 
(o) provide for the exemption, conditionally or otherwise, from all or any of the provisions of this Chapter or the rules made thereunder, of any specified drug or class of drugs.
Offences
13. (1) Whoever contravenes any of the provisions of this Chapter or of any rule made thereunder shall, in addition to any penalty to which he may be liable under the provision of section 11, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to five hundred Taka, or with both.
 
 
 
 
(2) Whoever, having been convicted under sub section (1), is again convicted under that sub section shall, in addition to any penalty as aforesaid, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to one thousand Taka, or with both.
Confiscation
14. Where any offence punishable under section 13 has been committed, the consignment of the drug in respect of which the offence has been committed shall be liable to confiscation.
Jurisdiction
 
 
 
 
15. No Court inferior to that of a magistrate of the first class shall try an offence punishable under section 13.
 
 

11Chapter III A

EXPORT OF DRUGS

Prohibition of Export of drugs without licence
15A. From such date as may be fixed by the Government by notification in the official Gazette in this behalf, no person shall export any drug for the export of which a licence is prescribed, otherwise than under, and in accordance with, such licence:
 
 
 
 
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to the export, subject to the prescribed conditions, of small quantities of any drug for the purpose of examination, test or analysis or for personal use.
Power of Government to make rules
 
 
 
 
15B. (1) The Government may, after consultation with the Board and after previous publication by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of this Chapter.
 
 
 
 
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may¬-
 
 
 
 
(a) specify the drugs or classes of drugs for the export of which a licence is required, and prescribe the form and conditions of such licences, the authority empowered to issue the same, and the fees payable therefore;
 
 
 
 
(b) prescribe the conditions subject to which small quantities of drugs, the export of which is otherwise prohibited under this Chapter, may be exported for the purpose of examination, test or analysis or for personal use;
 
 
 
 
(c) prescribe the places at which drugs may be exported, and prohibit their export at any other place;
 
 
 
 
(d) regulate the submission by exporters of samples of drugs for examination, test or analysis by the Central Drugs Laboratory, and prescribe the fees, if any, payable for such examination, test or analysis;
 
 
(e) prescribe the evidence to be supplied, whether by documents or otherwise, of the quality of drugs sought to be exported.
Penalty
 
 
 
 
15C. Whoever contravenes any of the provisions of section 15A or of any rule made under section 15B shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five thousand Taka.]
 
 

Chapter IV

MANUFACTURE, SALE AND DISTRIBUTION OF DRUGS

Standards of quality
16. (1) For the purposes of this Chapter the expression “standard quality” when applied to a drug means that the drug complies with the standard set out in the Schedule.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Government after giving by notification in the official Gazette not less than three months' notice of its intention so to do, may by a like notification add to or otherwise amend the Schedule for the purposes of this Chapter, and thereupon the Schedule shall be deemed to be amended accordingly.
Misbranded drugs
 
 
 
 
17. For the purposes of this Chapter a drug shall be deemed to be misbranded
 
 
 
 
(a) if it is an imitation of, or substitute for, or resembles in a manner likely to deceive, another drug, or bears upon it or upon its label or container the name of another drug, unless it is plainly and conspicuously marked so as to reveal its true character and its lack of identity with such other drug; or
 
 
 
 
(b) if it purports to be the product of a place or country of which it is not truly a product; or
 
 
 
 
(c) if it is sold, or offered or exposed for sale, under a name which belongs to another drug; or
 
 
 
 
(d) if it is so coloured, coated, powdered or polished that damage is concealed, or if it is made to appear of better or greater therapeutic value than it really is; or
 
 
(e) if it is not labelled in the prescribed manner; or
 
 
 
 
(f) if its label or container or anything accompanying the drug bears any statement, design or device which makes any false claim for the drug or which is false or misleading in any particular; or
 
 
 
 
(g) if the label or container bears the name of an individual or company purporting to be the manufacturer or producer of the drug which individual or company is fictitious or does not exist.
Prohibition of manufacture and sale of certain drugs
18. From such date as may be fixed by the Government by notification in the official Gazette in this behalf, no person shall himself or by any other person on his behalf
 
 
 
 
(a) manufacture for sale, or sell, or stock or exhibit for sale, or distribute
 
 
 
 
(i) any drug which is not of standard quality;
 
 
 
 
(ii) any misbranded drug;
 
 
 
 
(iii) any patent or proprietary medicine, unless there is displayed in the prescribed manner on the label or container thereof either the true formula or list of ingredients contained in it in a manner readily intelligible to members of the medical profession;
 
 
 
 
(iv) any drug which by means of any statement, design or device accompanying it or by any other means, purports or claims to cure or mitigate any such disease or ailment, or to have any such other effect as may be prescribed;
 
 
 
 
(v) any drug, in contravention of any of the provisions of this Chapter or any rule made thereunder;
 
 
 
 
(b) sell, or stock, or exhibit for sale, or distribute any drug which has been imported or manufactured in contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or any rule made thereunder;
 
 
(c) manufacture for sale, or sell, or stock or exhibit for sale, or distribute any drug, except under, and in accordance with the conditions of, a licence issued for such purpose under this Chapter:
 
 
 
 
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to the manufacture, subject to prescribed conditions, of small quantities of any drug for the purpose of examination, test or analysis:
 
 
 
 
Provided further that the Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, permit, subject to any conditions specified in the notification, the manufacture for sale, sale or distribution of any drug or class of drugs not, being of standard quality.
 
 
 
 
Explanation. The formula or list of ingredients mentioned in sub clause (iii) of clause (a) shall be deemed to be true and a sufficient compliance with that sub clause if, without disclosing a full and detailed recipe of the ingredients, it indicates correctly all the potent or poisonous substances contained therein together with an approximate statement of the composition of the medicine.
Pleas
19. (1) Save as hereinafter provided in this section, it shall be no defence in a prosecution under this Chapter to prove merely that the accused was ignorant of the nature, substance or quality of the drug in respect of which the offence has been committed or of the circumstances of its manufacture or import, or that a purchaser, having bought only for the purpose of test or analysis, has not been prejudiced by the sale.
 
 
 
 
(2) For the purposes of section 18 a drug shall not be deemed to be misbranded or to be below standard quality only by reason of the fact that-
 
 
 
 
(a) there has been added thereto some innocuous substance or ingredient because the same is required for the manufacture or preparation of the drug as an article of commerce in a state fit for carriage or consumption, and not to increase the bulk, weight or measure of the drug or to conceal its inferior quality or other defects; or
 
 
(b) in the process of manufacture, preparation or conveyance some extraneous substance has unavoidably become intermixed with it:
 
 
 
 
Provided that this clause shall not apply in relation to any sale or distribution of the drug occurring after the vendor or distributor became aware of such intermixture.
 
 
 
 
(3) A person, not being the manufacturer of a drug or his agent for the distribution thereof, shall not be liable for a contravention of section 18 if he proves-
 
 
 
 
(a) that he did not know, and could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained, that the drug in any way contravened the provisions of that section, and that the drug while in his possession remained in the same state as when he acquired it; or
 
 
(b) that he acquired the drug from a person resident in Bangladesh under a written warranty in the prescribed form and signed by such person that the drug does not in any way contravene the provisions of section 18, and that the drug while in his possession remained in the same state as when he acquired it:
 
 
 
 
Provided that a defence under clause (b) shall be open to a person only-
 
 
 
 
(i) if he has, within seven days of the service on him of the summons, sent to the Inspector a copy of the warranty with a written notice stating that he intends to rely upon it and giving the name and address of the warrantor, and
 
 
 
 
(ii) if he proves that he has, within the same period, sent written notice of such intention to the said warrantor.
Government Analysts
20. The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinks fit, having the prescribed qualifications, to be Government Analysts for such areas and in respect of such drugs or classes of drugs as may be specified in the notification.
 
 
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Inspectors
21. (1) The Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint such persons as it thinks fit, having the prescribed qualifications, to be Inspectors for the purposes of this Chapter within such local limits as it may assign to them respectively:
 
 
 
 
Provided that no person who has any financial interest in the manufacture, import or sale of drugs shall be appointed to be an Inspector under this sub section.
 
 
 
 
(2) Every Inspector shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the 13[Penal Code], and shall be officially subordinate to such authority as the Government may specify in this behalf.
Powers of Inspectors
 
 
 
 
22. (1) Subject to the provisions of section 23 and of any rules made by the Government in this behalf, an inspector may, within the local limits for which he is appointed, and in any other area with the permission of the licensing authority,
 
 
 
 
(a) inspect any premises wherein any drug is being manufactured, the plant and process of manufacture, the means employed for standardising and testing the drugs and all records and registers, relating thereto;
 
 
 
 
(b) inspect any premises wherein any drug is being sold or is stocked or exhibited for sale or is being distributed, the storage arrangement and all relevant records and registers;
 
 
 
 
(c) take samples of any drug which is being manufactured, or being sold or is stocked or exhibited for sale or is being distributed;
 
 
 
 
(d) enter and search at all reasonable times, with such assistance, if any, as he considers necessary, any building, vessel or place, in which he has reason to believe, from personal knowledge or from information given by any person and taken down in writing, that an offence under this Act or any rules made thereunder, has been or is being committed;
 
 
(e) seize such drug and all materials used in the manufacture thereof and all other articles including registers, cash memos, invoices, bills which he has reason to believe may furnish evidence of the commission of an offence punishable under this Act and any rules made thereunder;
 
 
 
 
(f) call any person from the neighbourhood to be present as witness in course of search, seizure or in connection with any other matter where the presence of witnesses is necessary;
 
 
 
 
(g) require any person to appear before him at any reasonable time at any proper place to give statement, assistance or information relating to, or in connection with, the investigation of an offence under this Act or rules made thereunder:
 
 
 
 
Provided that the exemptions under sections 132 and 133 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 shall be applicable to requisitions for attendance under this clause;
 
 
 
 
(h) lock and seal any factory, laboratory, shop, building, store house or godown or a part thereof where any drug is, or is being, manufactured, stored, sold or exhibited for sale without the necessary licence under this Act, or where he has reason to believe that an offence under this Act has been committed or may continue to be committed;
 
 
 
 
(i) forbid for a reasonable period not exceeding three months any person in charge of any premises from removing or disposing of any drug, article or other thing likely to be used in evidence of the commission of an offence under this Act or any rules made thereunder;
 
 
 
 
(j) exercise such other powers as may be necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act or any rules made thereunder.
 
 
 
 
(2) The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, in so far as they are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, shall apply to searches and seizures made under this Chapter.
 
 
(3) If any person wilfully obstructs an Inspector in the exercise of the powers conferred upon him by or under this Chapter or disobeys the lawful authority of an Inspector, he shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
Procedure of Inspectors
 
 
 
 
23. [Sub-section (1) was omitted by section 11 of the Drugs (Amendment) Act, 1963 (Act No. XXII of 1963).]
 
 
 
 
(2) Where the Inspector seizes any drug or any other article under section 22, he shall tender a receipt therefore in the prescribed form.
 
 
 
 
(3) Where an Inspector takes a sample of a drug for the purpose of test or analysis, he shall intimate such purpose in writing in the prescribed form to the person from whom he takes it and, in the presence of such person unless he wilfully absents himself, shall divide the sample into four portions and effectively seal and suitably mark the same and permit such person to add his own seal and mark to all or any of the portions so sealed and marked:
 
 
 
 
Provided that where the sample is taken from premises whereon the drug is being manufactured, it shall be necessary to divide the sample into three portions only:
 
 
 
 
Provided further that where the drug is made up in containers of small volume, instead of dividing a sample as aforesaid, the Inspector may, and if the drug be such that it is likely to deteriorate or be otherwise damaged by exposure shall, take three or four, as the case may be, of the said containers after suitably marking the same and, where necessary, sealing them.
 
 
 
 
(4) The Inspector shall restore one portion of a sample so divided or one container, as the case may be, to the person from whom he takes it, and shall retain the remainder and dispose of the same as follows:-
 
 
 
 
(i) one portion or container he shall forthwith send to the Government Analyst for test or analysis;
 
 
 
 
(ii) the second he shall produce to the Court before which proceedings, if any, are instituted in respect of the drug; and
 
 
(iii) the third, where taken, he shall send to the warrant or, if any, named under the proviso to sub section (3) of section 19.
 
 
 
 
(5) Where an Inspector takes any action under section 22,-
 
 
 
 
(a) he shall use all despatch in ascertaining whether or not the drug contravenes any of the provisions of section 18 and, if it is ascertained that the drug does not so contravene, forthwith revoke the order passed under the said section or, as the case may be, take such action as may be necessary for the return of the stock seized;
 
 
 
 
(b) if he seizes the stock of the drug, he shall as soon as may be, inform a Magistrate and take his orders as to the custody thereof;
 
 
 
 
(c) without prejudice to the institution of any prosecution, if the alleged contravention be such that the defect may be remedied by the possessor of the drug, he shall, on being satisfied that the defect has been so remedied, forthwith revoke his order under the said section.
Persons bound to disclose place where drugs are manufactured or kept
 
 
 
 
24. Every person for the time being in charge of any premises whereon any drug is being manufactured or is kept for sale or distribution shall, on being required by an Inspector so to do, be legally bound to disclose to the Inspector the place where the drug is being manufactured or is kept, as the case may be.
Reports of Government Analysts
 
 
 
 
25. (1) The Government Analyst to whom a sample of any drug has been submitted for test or analysis under sub section (4) of section 23, shall deliver to the Inspector submitting it a signed report in triplicate in the prescribed form.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Inspector on receipt thereof shall deliver one copy of the report to the person from whom the sample was taken and another copy to the warrantor, if any, named under the proviso to sub section (3) of section 19, and shall retain the third copy for use in any prosecution in respect of the sample.
 
 
 
 
(3) Any document purporting to be a report signed by a Government Analyst under this Chapter shall be evidence of the facts stated therein, and such evidence, shall be conclusive unless the person from whom the sample was taken or the said
 
 
warrantor has, within twenty eight days of the receipt of a copy of the report, notified in writing the Inspector or the Court before which any proceedings in respect of the sample are pending that he intends to adduce evidence in controversion of the report.
 
 
 
 
(4) Unless the sample has already been tested or analysed in the Central Drugs Laboratory, where a person has under sub-section (3) notified his intention of adducing evidence in controversion of a Government Analyst's report, the Court may, of its own motion or in its discretion at the request either of the complainant or the accused, cause the sample of the drug produced before the Magistrate under sub section (4) of section 23 to be sent for test or analysis to the said Laboratory, which shall make the test or analysis and report in writing signed by, or under the authority of, the Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory the result thereof, and such report shall be conclusive evidence of the facts stated therein.
 
 
 
 
(5) The cost of a test or analysis made by the Central Drugs Laboratory under sub section (4) shall be paid by the complainant or accused as the Court shall direct.
Purchaser of drug enabled to obtain test or analysis
 
 
 
 
26. Any person shall, on application in the prescribed manner and on payment of the prescribed fee, be entitled to submit for test or analysis to a Government Analyst any drug purchased by him and to receive a report of such test or analysis signed by the Government Analyst.
Penalty for manufacture, sale, etc., of drugs in contravention of this Chapter
 
 
 
 
27. Whoever himself or by any other person on his behalf manufactures for sale, sells, stocks or exhibits for sale or distributes any drug in contravention of any of the provisions of this Chapter or any rule made thereunder shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine, or with both.
Penalties for giving false warranty or misuse of warranty
 
 
 
 
28. (1) Whoever in respect of any drug sold by him whether as principal or agent, gives to the purchaser a false warranty that the drug does not in any way contravene the provisions of section 18 shall, unless he proves that when he gave the warranty he had good reason to believe the same to be true, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to five hundred Taka, or with both.
Penalty for use of Government Analyst’s report for advertising
 
 
29. Whoever uses any report of a test or analysis made by the Central Drugs Laboratory or by a Government Analyst, or any extract from such report for the purpose of advertising any drug, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred Taka.
Penalty for subsequent offences
 
 
 
 
30. (1) Whoever, having been convicted of an offence under section 27, is again convicted of an offence under that section shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to five years, or with fine, or with both.
 
 
 
 
(2) Whoever, having been convicted of an offence under section 28 or section 29, is again convicted of an offence under either of those sections shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
Confiscation
 
 
 
 
31. Where any person has been convicted under this Chapter for contravening any such provision of this Chapter or any rule made thereunder as may be specified by rule made in this behalf, the stock of the drug in respect of which the contravention has been made shall be liable to confiscation.
Cognizance of offences
 
 
 
 
32. (1) No prosecution under this Chapter shall be instituted except by an Inspector.
 
 
 
 
(2) No Court inferior to that of a Magistrate of the first class shall try an offence punishable under this Chapter.
 
 
 
 
(3) Nothing contained in this Chapter shall be deemed to prevent any person from being prosecuted under any other law for any act or omission which constitutes an offence against this Chapter.
Power of Government to make rules
 
 
 
 
33. (1) The Government may, after previous publication by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of this Chapter.
 
 
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may
 
 
 
 
(a) provide for the establishment of laboratories for testing and analysing drugs;
 
 
 
 
(b) prescribe the qualifications and duties of Government Analysts and the qualifications of Inspectors;
 
 
 
 
(c) prescribe the methods of test or analysis to be employed in determining whether a drug is of standard quality;
 
 
 
 
(d) prescribe in respect of biological and organo metallic compounds, the units or methods of standardisation;
 
 
 
 
(e) prescribe the forms of licences for the manufacture for sale, for the sale and for the distribution of drugs or any specified drug or class of drugs, the form of application for such licences, the conditions subject to which such licences may be issued, the authority empowered to issue the same and the fees payable therefore;
 
 
 
 
(f) specify the diseases or ailments which a drug may not purport or claim to cure or mitigate and such other effects which a drug may not purport or claim to have;
 
 
 
 
(g) prescribe the conditions subject to which small quantities of drugs may be manufactured for the purpose of examination, test or analysis;
 
 
 
 
(h) require the date of manufacture and the date of expiry of potency to be clearly and truly stated on the label or container of any specified drug or class of drugs, and prohibit the sale, stocking or exhibition for sale, or distribution of the said drug or class of drugs after the expiry of a specified period from the date of manufacture or after the expiry of the date of potency;
 
 
 
 
(i) prescribe the conditions to be observed in the packing in bottles, packages and other containers of drugs, and prohibit the sale, stocking or exhibition for sale, or distribution of drugs packed in contravention of such conditions;
 
 
 
 
(j) regulate the mode of labelling packed drugs, and prescribe the matters which shall or shall not be included in such labels;
 
 
(k) prescribe the maximum proportion of any poisonous substance which may be added to or contained in any drug, prohibit the manufacture, sale or stocking or exhibition for sale, or distribution of any drug in which that proportion is exceeded, and specify substances which shall be deemed to be poisonous for the purposes of this Chapter and the rules made thereunder;
 
 
 
 
(l) require that the accepted scientific name of any specified drug shall be displayed in the prescribed manner on the label or wrapper of any patent or proprietary medicine containing such drug;
 
 
 
 
(m) prescribe the form of warranty referred to in sub section (1) of section 19;
 
 
 
 
(n) regulate the powers and duties of Inspectors;
 
 
 
 
(o) prescribe the forms of report to be given by Government Analysts, and the manner of application for test or analysis under section 26 and the fees payable therefore;
 
 
 
 
(p) specify the offences against this Chapter or any rule made thereunder in relation to which the stock of the drug shall be liable to confiscation under section 31;
 
 
 
 
(q) provide for the exemption, conditionally or otherwise, from all or any of the provisions of this Chapter or the rules made thereunder, of any specified drug or class of drugs.
[Omitted.]
 
 
 
 
34. [Protection to persons acting under this Chapter.- Omitted by section 14 of the Drugs (Amendment) Act, 1963 (Act No. XXII of 1963).]
 
 

Chapter V

MISCELLANEOUS

Sale of patent or proprietory medicines or pharmaceutical specialities
35. No patent or proprietary medicine or pharmaceutical speciality or any other medicine, whether allopathic, unani, ayurvedic, homoeopathic or biochemic, for the time being not recognised by the accepted pharmacopoeias, shall be offered for sale to the public or advertised for such sale, unless two samples thereof shall have been sent to the Director, Central Drugs Laboratory, and the latter shall have determined that the medicine or speciality is suitable or proper for use by the public.
Prohibition to sell drugs in public streets, etc.
36. No person shall, in any public street, highway, footpath or park or on any public transport or conveyance, peddle, hawk or offer for sale or distribute free of charge any medicine of pharmaceutical speciality whether allopathic, unani, ayurvedic, homoeopathic or of any other description.
Penalty
 
 
 
 
37. Any person who contravenes any of the provisions of section 35 or section 36 shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.
Offences by Companies, etc.
 
 
 
 
38. Where the person guilty of an offence under this Act is a company, corporation or firm every director, partner and officer of the company, corporation or firm with whose knowledge and consent the offence was committed shall be guilty of the like offence.
Powers to try offence summarily
 
 
 
 
39. Any Magistrate of the first class or any bench of Magistrates invested with the powers of a Magistrate of the first class empowered for the time being to try in a summary way the offences specified in sub- section (1) of section 260 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, may, on application in this behalf being made by the prosecution, try in accordance with the provisions contained in sections 262 to 265 of that Code, any such offence punishable under this Act and any rules made thereunder as may be prescribed.
Special provision regarding imprisonment and fine
 
 
 
 
40. Notwithstanding anything contained in section 32 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, it shall be lawful for any Magistrate of the first class to pass any sentence authorised by this Act even if such sentence exceeds his powers under section 32 of that Code.
Protection to persons acting under this Act
 
 
 
 
41. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act or any rules made thereunder.
 
 

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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs