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15/07/2024
Laws of Bangladesh

The Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881

( ACT NO. XXVI OF 1881 )

Chapter III

PARTIES TO NOTES, BILLS AND CHEQUES

Partial absence or failure of money-consideration
44. When the consideration for which a person signed a promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque consisted of money, and was originally absent in part or has subsequently failed in part, the sum which a holder standing in immediate relation with such signer is entitled to receive from him is proportionally reduced.
 
 
 
 
Explanation - The drawer of a bill of exchange stands in immediate relation with the acceptor. The maker of a promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque stands in immediate relation with the payee, and the indorser with his indorsee. Other signers may by agreement stand in immediate relation with a holder.
 
 
 
 
Illustration
 
 
 
 
A draws a bill on B for Taka 500 payable to the order of A. B accepts the Bill, but subsequently dishonours it by non-payment. A sues B on the bill. B proves that it was accepted for value as to Taka 400, and as an accommodation to the plaintiff as to the residue. A can only recover Taka 400.

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