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THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLEíS REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH

  Part No : Chapter No : Section No: Bangla   
  
    
1[ BISMILLAH-AR-RAHMAN-AR-RAHIM
 
    
(In the name of Allah, the Beneficient, the Merciful)/

In the name of the Creator, the Merciful.]

PREAMBLE


We, the people of Bangladesh, having proclaimed our independence on the 26th day of March, 1971 and through 2[ a historic struggle for national liberation], established the independent, sovereign People's Republic of Bangladesh;

3[ Pledging that the high ideals of nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism, which inspired our heroic people to dedicate themselves to, and our brave martyrs to sacrifice their lives in, the national liberation struggle, shall be the fundamental principles of the Constitution;]

Further pledging that it shall be a fundamental aim of the State to realise through the democratic process a socialist society, free from exploitation a society in which the rule of law, fundamental human rights and freedom, equality and justice, political, economic and social, will be secured for all citizens;

Affirming that it is our sacred duty to safeguard, protect and defend this Constitution and to maintain its supremacy as the embodiment of the will of the people of Bangladesh so that we may prosper in freedom and may make our full contribution towards international peace and co operation in keeping with the progressive aspirations of mankind;

In our Constituent Assembly, this eighteenth day of Kartick, 1379 B.S., corresponding to the fourth day of November, 1972 A.D., do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this Constitution.
 
CONTENTS
 
SECTIONS
 
PART I
THE REPUBLIC
1. The Republic
2. The territory of the Republic
2A. The state religion
3. The state language
4. National anthem, flag and emblem
4A. Portrait of the Father of the Nation
5. The capital
6. Citizenship
7. Supremacy of the Constitution
7A. Offence of abrogation, suspension, etc . of the Constitution
7B. Basic provisions of the Constitution are not amendable
PART II
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
8. Fundamental principles
9. Nationalism
10. Socialism and freedom from exploitation
11. Democracy and human rights
12. Secularism and freedom of religion
13. Principles of ownership
14. Emancipation of peasants and workers
15. Provision of basic necessities
16. Rural development and agricultural revolution
17. Free and compulsory education
18. Public health and morality
18A. Protection and improvement of environment and biodiversity
19. Equality of opportunity
20. Work as a right and duty
21. Duties of citizens and of public servants
22. Separation of Judiciary from the executive
23. National culture
23A. The culture of tribes, minor races, ethnic sects and communities
24. National monuments, etc.
25. Promotion of international peace, security and solidarity
PART III
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
26. Laws inconsistent with fundamental rights to be void
27. Equality before law
28. Discrimination on grounds of religion, etc.
29. Equality of opportunity in public employment
30. Prohibition of foreign titles, etc.
31. Right to protection of law
32. Protection of right to life and personal liberty
33. Safeguards as to arrest and detention
34. Prohibition of forced labour
35. Protection in respect of trial and punishment
36. Freedom of movement
37. Freedom of assembly
38. Freedom of association
39. Freedom of thought and conscience, and of speech
40. Freedom of profession or occupation
41. Freedom of religion
42. Rights to property
43. Protection of home and correspondence
44. Enforcement of fundamental rights
45. Modification of rights in respect of disciplinary law
46. Power to provide indemnity
47. Saving for certain laws
47A. Inapplicability of certain articles
PART IV
THE EXECUTIVE
4CHAPTER I
THE PRESIDENT
48. The President
49. Prerogative of mercy
50. Term of office of President
51. President's immunity
52. Impeachment of the President
53. Removal of President on ground of incapacity
54. Speaker to act as President during absence, etc.
CHAPTER II
THE PRIME MINISTER AND THE CABINET
55. The Cabinet
56. Ministers
57. Tenure of office of Prime Minister
58. Tenure of office of other Ministers
58A. [OMITTED]
CHAPTER IIA
NON PARTY CARE TAKER GOVERNMENT
[OMITTED]
CHAPTER III
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
59. Local government
60. Powers of local government bodies
CHAPTER IV
THE DEFENCE SERVICES
61. Supreme command
62. Recruitment, etc., of defence services
63. War
CHAPTER V
THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
64. The Attorney-General
PART V
THE LEGISLATURE
CHAPTER I
PARLIAMENT
65. Establishment of Parliament
66. Qualifications and disqualifications for election to Parliament
67. Vacation of seats of members
68. [Remuneration], etc., of members of Parliament
69. Penalty for member sitting or voting before taking oath
70. Vacation of seat on resignation or voting against political party
71. Bar against double membership
72. Sessions of Parliament
73. Presidentís address and messages to Parliament
73A. Rights of Ministers as respects Parliament
74. Speaker and Deputy Speaker
75. Rules of procedure, quorum, etc.
76. Standing committees of Parliament
77. Ombudsman
78. Privileges and immunities of Parliament and members
79. Secretariat of Parliament
CHAPTER II
LEGISLATIVE AND FINANCIAL PROCEDURES
80. Legislative procedure
81. Money Bills
82. Recommendation for financial measures
83. No taxation except by or under Act of Parliament
84. Consolidated Fund and the Public Account of the Republic
85. Regulation of Public moneys
86. Moneys payable to Public Account of Republic
87. Annual financial statement
88. Charges on Consolidated Fund
89. Procedure relating to annual financial statement
90. Appropriation Act
91. Supplementary and excess grants
92. Votes of account, votes of credit, etc.
92A. [Omitted]
CHAPTER III
ORDINANCE MAKING POWER
93. Ordinance making power
PART VI
THE JUDICIARY
5CHAPTER I
THE SUPREME COURT
94. Establishment of Supreme Court
95. Appointment of Judges
96. Tenure of office of Judges
97. Temporary appointment of Chief Justice
98. Additional Supreme Court Judges
99. Disabilities of Judges after retirement
100. Seat of Supreme Court
101. Jurisdiction of High Court Division
102. Powers of High Court Division to issue certain orders and directions, etc.
103. Jurisdiction of Appellate Division
104. Issue and execution of processes of Appellate Division
105. Review of judgments or orders by Appellate Division
106. Advisory jurisdiction of Supreme Court
107. Rule-making power of the Supreme Court
108. Supreme Court as court of record
109. Superintendence and control over courts
110. Transfer of cases from subordinate courts to High Court Division
111. Binding effect of Supreme Court judgments
112. Action in aid of Supreme Court
113. Staff of Supreme Court
CHAPTER II
SUBORDINATE COURTS
114. Establishment of subordinate courts
115. Appointments to subordinate courts
116. Control and discipline of subordinate courts
116A. Judicial officers to be independent in the exercise of their functions
CHAPTER III
ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNALS
117. Administrative tribunals
PART VIA
[THE NATIONAL PARTY-Omitted]
[Omitted]
PART VII
ELECTIONS
118. Establishment of Election Commission
119. Functions of Election Commission
120. Staff of Election Commission
121. Single electoral roll for each constituency
122. Qualifications for registration as voter
123. Time for holding elections
124. Parliament may make provision as to elections
125. Validity of election law and elections
126. Executive authorities to assist Election Commission
PART VIII
THE COMPTROLLER AND AUDITOR GENERAL
127. Establishment of office of Auditor-General
128. Functions of Auditor-General
129. Term of office of Auditor-General
130. Acting Auditor-General
131. Form and manner of keeping public accounts
132. Reports of Auditor General to be laid before Parliament
PART IX
THE SERVICES OF BANGLADESH
CHAPTER I
SERVICES
133. Appointment and conditions of service
134. Tenure of office
135. Dismissal, etc. of civilian public officers
136. Reorganisation of service
CHAPTER II
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS
137. Establishment of commissions
138. Appointment of members
139. Term of office
140. Functions of commissions
141. Annual report
6PART IXA
EMERGENCY PROVISIONS
141A. Proclamation of emergency
141B. Suspension of provisions of certain articles during emergencies
141C. Suspension of enforcement of fundamental rights during emergencies
PART X
AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION
142. Power to amend any provision of the Constitution
PART XI
MISCELLANEOUS
143. Property of the Republic
144. Executive authority in relation to property, trade, etc.
145. Contracts and deeds
145A. International treaties
146. Suits in name of Bangladesh
147. Remuneration, etc., of certain officers
148. Oaths of office
149. Saving for existing laws
150. Transitional and temporary provisions
151. Repeals
152. Interpretation
153. Commencement, citation and authenticity
SCHEDULE
 
 

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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs