THE FINANCE ORDINANCE, 1978

(ORDINANCE NO. XXI OF 1978).
  [30th June, 1978]
 
   
     
     An Ordinance to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government and to amend certain laws.
 
    WHEREAS it is expedient to make provisions to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government and to amend certain laws for the purposes hereinafter appearing;



NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of the Proclamations of the 20th August, 1975, and the 8th November, 1975, and in exercise of all powers enabling him in that behalf, the President is pleased to make and promulgate the following Ordinance:-
   
 
 
 
  Short title and commencement  
1. (1) This Ordinance may be called the Finance Ordinance, 1978.



(2) Except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance, this section and clause (16) of section 2, section 4 and section 6 shall come into force at once, clause (15) of section 2 shall come into force on the first day of July, 1979, and all other sections shall come into force on the first day of July, 1978.
 
 
 
  Amendments of Act XI of 1922  
2. The following amendments shall be made in the Income-tax Act, 1922 (XI of 1922), namely:-



(1) in section 2,-



(a) in clause (6AA), after the words “registered firm”, the words, brackets, letter and figures “or a firm treated as registered under clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 23” shall be inserted;



(b) in clause (6C), the words, commas and brackets “and, in the case of a company having its registered office in taxable territories, the amount representing the face value of any bonus shares or the amount of any bonus declared, issued or paid to its shareholders with a view to increasing the paid up capital” shall be omitted;

(2) in section 4,-



(a) in sub-section (1),-



(i) in the second proviso, the words “or unless they are brought into or received in taxable territories by him during such year” shall be omitted; and



(ii) Explanation 4 shall be omitted;



(b) in sub-section (2), after clause (xviii), the following new clause (xix) shall be added, namely:-



“(xix) any capital gain received by an individual from sale of shares of public limited companies listed in a Stock Exchange, to the extent such gains do not exceed ten thousand taka.”;



(3) in section 4A, in clause (a), after sub-clause (iii), the following new Explanation shall be added, namely:-



Explanation.- In the case of an individual, being a citizen of Bangladesh who is serving outside Bangladesh and who is or has been in Bangladesh on leave or vacation in the previous year, the provisions of sub-clauses (ii) and (iii) shall apply in relation to that year as if for the words “any time in that year” and “any time in that year otherwise than on an occasional or casual visit” respectively occurring in the said sub-clauses, the words “ninety days” were substituted.”;



(4) in section 7, in sub-section (1), the second proviso shall be omitted;



(5) in section 10, in sub-section (2), after clause (vib), the following new clause (vibb) shall be inserted, namely:-



“(vibb) in respect of depreciation of such passenger vessels plying on inland waters and fishing trawlers registered in Bangladesh and brought into use in Bangladesh for the first time on any day between the first day of July, 1978 and the thirtieth day of June, 1983, being the property of the assessee, a sum equivalent to 40 per cent, 30 per cent and 30 per cent for the first, second and third year respectively on the original cost to the assessee, notwithstanding anything contrary contained in clause (vi):

Provided that-



(a) the passenger vessel plying on the inland waters or the fishing trawler in respect of which the depreciation is claimed, fulfils such specifications as may be specified in this behalf by the Government by notification in the official Gazette;



(b) the prescribed particulars have been duly furnished;



(c) where the full effect cannot be given to such allowance in any year owing to there being no profits or gains chargeable for that year, or owing to the profits or gains chargeable being less than the allowance, then, subject to the provisions of clause (b) of the proviso to sub-section (2) of section 24, the allowance or the part of the allowance to which effect has not been given, as the case may be, shall be added to the amount of the allowance for depreciation for the following year and deemed to be the part of that allowance, or, if there is no such allowance for that year, be deemed to be the allowance for that year and so on for succeeding years; and



(d) the aggregate of all such allowances made under this Act shall, in no case, exceed the original cost to the assessee of the passenger vessel or the fishing trawler, as the case may be; and



Provided further that the passenger vessel plying on the inland waters or the fishing trawler to which the depreciation at 40%, 30%, and 30% has been allowed shall not be entitled to the allowances as referred to in clause (vi);”;



(6) in section 14A,-



(a) in sub-section (2B), in clause (a), in sub-clause (ii), the words “and not more than ten crores taka” shall be omitted;



(b) in sub-section (2D), in clause (a), in sub-clause (ii), the words “and not more than ten crores taka” shall be omitted;



(7) in section 15,-

(a) in sub-section (3), for the word “twenty” the word “thirty” shall be substituted;



(b) sub-section (4) and the Explanation thereto shall be omitted;



(8) in section 15A, in the first proviso, for the words and commas “twenty five per cent of such earned income chargeable under the head “salaries” up to twenty thousand taka plus twenty per cent of the balance, if any, of the said earned income but not exceeding, in any case, six thousand taka” the words and commas “thirty per cent of such earned income chargeable under the head “salaries” up to twenty thousand taka plus twenty-five per cent of the balance, if any, of the said earned income, but not exceeding, in any case, eight thousand taka” shall be substituted;



(9) in section 16, in sub-section (3), the following new proviso shall be added, namely:-



“Provided that nothing contained in sub-clauses (iii) and (iv) of clause (a) and clause (b) shall apply to any income from an asset transferred by an assessee by way of gift.”;



(10) in section 18A,-



(a) for the words “additional amount of tax” or “additional tax” wherever occurring the words “simple interest” shall be substituted;



(b) for sub-sections (5), (5A) and (6) the following shall be substituted, namely:-



“(5) The Government shall pay simple interest at ten per cent per annum on the amount by which the aggregate sum of advance tax paid under sub-sections (1), (2), (3) and (7) exceeds the amount of the tax determined under section 23 from the first day of April in the year in which the tax was paid up to the date of assessment under section 23 or a period of two years from the first day of April in which the tax was paid, whichever is earlier.

(6) Where in any year an assessee has paid tax under sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) on the basis of his own estimate and the tax so paid is less than seventy-five per cent of the tax determined on the basis of the assessment under section 23, hereinafter called the regular assessment, and calculated in the manner laid down in sub-section (1) so far as such tax relates to income to which the provisions of sub-sections (2), (2A) and (2B) of section 18 do not apply simple interest at the rate of one and a half per cent per mensem from the first day of April in the year in which the tax was paid up to the date of regular assessment or for a period of two years from the first day of April in which the tax was paid, whichever is earlier, shall be payable by the assessee upon the amount by which tax so paid falls short of the said seventy-five per cent:



Provided that-



(a) where tax is paid under section 22A, or



(b) where a provisional assessment under section 23B has been made but regular assessment has not been made,



the simple interest shall be calculated in accordance with the foregoing provisions-



(i) up to the date on which tax under section 22A or as provisionally assessed was paid; and



(ii) thereafter such simple interest shall be calculated at the rate aforesaid on the amount by which the tax as so paid, in so far as it relates to income to which the provisions of sub-sections (2), (2A) and (2B) of section 18 do not apply, falls short of the said seventy-five per cent:



Provided further that, where, as a result of an appeal under section 31 or section 33 or of a revision under section 33A or of a reference to the High Court Division under section 66, the amount on which simple interest was payable under this sub-section has been reduced, the simple interest shall be reduced accordingly and the excess interest paid, if any, shall be refunded together with the amount of income-tax that is refundable:

Provided further that, where a business, profession or vocation is newly set up and is assessable on the income, profits and gains of its first previous year in the year following that in which it is set up, the simple interest payable shall be computed from the first day of July of the said year.”;



(11) in section 22, in sub-section (1A), for clause (ii) the following shall be substituted, namely:-



“(ii) in all other cases, by the fifteenth day of September next following.”;



(12) in section 23, for sub-section (5) the following shall be substituted, namely:-



“(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing sub-sections, when the assessee is a firm and the total income of the firm has been assessed under sub-section (1), sub-section (3) or sub-section (4), as the case may be,-



(a) in the case of a registered firm, tax payable by the firm itself shall be determined and the total income of each partner of the firm, including therein his share of its income, profits and gains of the previous year, shall be assessed and the sum payable by him on the basis of such assessment shall also be determined:



Provided that if such share of any partner is a loss it shall be set off against his other income or carried forward and set off in accordance with the provisions of section 24:



Provided further that when any of such partner is a person not resident in taxable territories his share of the income, profits and gains in the firm shall be assessed on the firm at the rates which would be applicable if it were assessed on him personally, and the sum so determined as payable shall be paid by the firm;



(b) in the case of an unregistered firm, the Deputy Commissioner of Taxes may proceed in the manner laid down in clause (a) as applicable to a registered firm, if, in his opinion, the aggregate amount of the tax including super-tax, if any, payable under such procedure would be greater than the aggregate amount which would be payable by the firm and the partners individually if the firm were assessed as an unregistered firm.”;



(13) section 23A shall be omitted;



(14) in section 24,-



(a) in sub-section (1), for the second proviso the following proviso shall be substituted, namely:-



“Provided further that where the assessee is an unregistered firm which has not been assessed under the provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 23 in the manner applicable to a registered firm, any such loss shall be set off only against the income, profits and gains of the firm and not against the income, profits and gains of any of the partners of the firm; and where the assessee is a registered firm, any loss which cannot be set off against other income, profits and gains of the firm shall be apportioned between the partners of the firm and they alone shall be entitled to have the amount of the loss set off under this section.”;



(b) in sub-section (2),-



(i) in the proviso, for clauses (b) and (c) the following shall be substituted, namely:-



“(b) where depreciation allowance is, under clause (b) of the proviso to clause (vi) or clause (b) of the proviso to clause (vibb) of sub-section (2) of section 10, also to be carried forward, effect shall first be given to this sub-section;



(c) nothing herein contained shall entitle any assessee, being a registered firm, to have carried forward and set off any loss which has been apportioned between the partners, under the proviso to sub-section (1), or entitle any assessee, being a partner in an unregistered firm which has not been assessed under the provisions of clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 23 in the manner applicable to a registered firm, to have carried forward and set off against his own income any loss sustained by the firm;



(cc) where an unregistered firm is assessed as a registered firm under clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 23, during any year, its losses shall also be carried forward and set off under this section as if it were a registered firm;”;

(ii) in Explanation 2, for paragraph (a) the following shall be substituted, namely:-



“(a) no loss of an unregistered firm shall be carried forward and set off under this section, under any circumstances, against its income, profits and gains of the subsequent year if it is registered in that year under section 26A or is treated as a registered firm in such year under clause (b) of sub-section (5) of section 23; and”;



(15) in section 26A, sub-section (6) shall be omitted;



(16) in section 34, in sub-section (2), in the proviso, in clause (i),-



(a) in sub-clause (e), the word “and” at the end shall be omitted;



(b) after sub-clause (e) amended as aforesaid, the following new sub-clause (ee) shall be inserted, namely:-



“(ee) in relation to the income, profits or gains which were first assessable in the year 1973-74, the words “five years” were substituted; and”;



(c) in sub-clause (f), for the figure “1974-75” the figure “1975-76” shall be substituted and shall be deemed to have been so substituted on and from the first day of July, 1977;



(17) in section 44A, the comma and words “unless the Deputy Commissioner of Taxes is satisfied that there is an agent of such principal from whom the tax will be recoverable in the following year under the other provisions of this Act” shall be omitted;



(18) in section 44B, in sub-section (3), for the words “tax thereon at the rate for the time being applicable to the total income of a company” the words and figure “income-tax at the rate of 30 per cent” shall be substituted;



(19) in section 51, in sub-section (3), for the figure and letter “38A” the figure and letters “38AA” shall be substituted;



(20) in section 66, for the words “High Court” and “Supreme Court” wherever occurring the words “High Court Division” and “Appellate Division” shall, respectively, be substituted;

(21) in section 66A, for the words “High Court” and “Supreme Court” wherever occurring the words “High Court Division” and “Appellate Division” shall, respectively, be substituted.
 
 
 
  Amendment of the Ben Act I of 1932  
3. In the Motor Vehicles Tax Act, 1932 (Ben. Act I of 1932), for the First Schedule the following shall be substituted, namely:-
 
 
 
 
 

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