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15/07/2024
The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898

The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898

( ACT NO. V OF 1898 )

Chapter XXXVIII

OF THE PUBLIC PROSECUTOR

Power to appoint Public Procecutors
492.(1) The Government may appoint, generally, or in any case, or for any specified class of cases, in any local area, one or more officers to be called Public Prosecutors.
 
 
(2) 1[The 2[District Magistrate] may, in the absence or the Public Prosecutor, or where no Public Prosecutor has been appointed, appoint any other person, not being an officer of police below such ranks as the Government may prescribe in this behalf to be Public Prosecutor for the purpose of any case.
Public Prosecutor may plead in all Court in cases under his charge Pleaders privately instructed to be under his direction
493. The Public Prosecutor may appear and plead without any written authority before any Court in which any case of which he has charge is under inquiry, trial or appeal, and if any private person instructs a pleader to prosecute in any Court any person in any such case, the Public Prosecutor shall conduct the prosecution, and the pleader so instructed shall act therein, under his directions.
Effect of withdrawal from prosecution
494. Any Public Prosecutor may, with the consent of the Court, 3[* * *] before the judgment is pronounced, withdraw from the prosecution of any person either generally or in respect of any one or more of the offences for which he is tried; and upon such withdrawal,-
 
 
 
 
(a) if it is made before a charge has been framed, the accused shall be discharged in respect of such offence or offences;
 
 
 
 
(b) if it is made after a charge has been framed, or when under this Code no charge is required, he shall be acquitted in respect of such offence or offences.
Permission to conduct prosecution
495.(1) Any Magistrate inquiring into or trying any case may permit the prosecution to be conducted by any person other than an officer of police below the rank to be prescribed by the Government in this behalf but no person, other than the 4[Attorney-General], Government Solicitor, Public Prosecutor or other officer generally or specially empowered by the Government in this behalf, shall be entitled to do so without such permission.
 
 
 
 
(2) Any such officer shall have the like power of withdrawing the prosecution as is provided by section 494, and the provisions of that section shall apply to any withdrawal by such officer.
 
 
 
 
(3) Any person conducting the prosecution may do so personally or by a pleader.
 
 
 
 
(4) An officer of police shall not be permitted to conduct the prosecution if he has taken any part in the investigation into the offence with respect to which the accused is being prosecuted.
 
 

Chapter XXXIX

OF BAIL

In what cases bail to be taken
496. When any person other than a person accused of a non-bailable offence is arrested or detained without warrant by an officer in charge of a police-station, or appears or is brought before a Court, and is prepared at any time while in the custody of such officer or at any stage of the proceedings before such Court to give bail, such person shall be released on bail: Provided that such officer or Court, if he or it thinks fit, may, instead of taking bail from such person, discharge him on his executing a bond without sureties for his appearance as hereinafter provided:
 
 
Provided, further, that nothing in this section shall be deemed to affect the provisions of section 107, sub-section (4), or section 117, sub-section (3).
When bail may be taken in case of non-bailable offence
497.(1) When any person accused of any non-bailable offence is arrested or detained without warrant by an officer in charge of a police-station, or appears or is brought before a Court, he may be released on bail, but he shall not be so released if there appear reasonable grounds for believing that he has been guilty of an offence punishable with death or transportation for life:
 
 
Provided that the Court may direct that any person under the age of sixteen years or any woman or any sick or infirm person accused of such an offence be released on bail.
 
 
(2) If it appears to such officer or Court at any stage of the investigation, inquiry or trial, as the case may be, that there are not reasonable grounds for believing that the accused has committed a non-bailable offence, but that there are sufficient grounds for further inquiry into his guilt, the accused shall, pending such inquiry, be released on bail, or, at the discretion of such officer or Court, on the execution by him of a bond without sureties for his appearance as hereinafter provided.
 
 
(3) An officer or a Court releasing any person on bail under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall record in writing his or its reasons for so doing.
 
 
(4) If, at any time after the conclusion of the trial of a person accused of a non-bailable offence and before judgment is delivered, the Court is of opinion that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the accused is not guilty of any such offence, it shall release the accused, if he is in custody on the execution by him of a bond without sureties for his appearance to hear judgment delivered.
 
 
(5) The High Court Division or Court of Session and, in the case of a person released by itself, any other Court may cause any person who has been released under this section to be arrested and may commit him to custody.
Omitted
497A. [Omitted by section 2 the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1982 (Ordinance No. IX of 1982).]
Power to direct admission to bail or reduction of bail
498. The amount of every bond executed under this Chapter shall be fixed with due regard to the circumstances of the case, and shall not be excessive; and the High Court Division or Court of Session may, in any case, whether there be an appeal on conviction or not, direct that any person be admitted to bail, or that the bail required by a police-officer or Magistrate be reduced.
Bond of accused and sureties
499.(1) Before any person is released on bail or released on his own bond, a bond for such sum of money as the police-officer or Court, as the case may be, thinks sufficient shall be executed by such person, and, when he is released on bail, by one or more sufficient sureties conditioned that such person shall attend at the time and place mentioned in the bond, and shall continue so to attend until otherwise directed by the police-officer or Court, as the case may be.
 
 
 
 
(2) If the case so require, the bond shall also bind the person released on bail to appear when called upon at the High Court Division, Court of Session or other Court to answer the charge.
Discharge from custody
500.(1) As soon as the bond has been executed, the person for whose appearance it has been executed shall be released; and, when he is in jail, the Court admitting him to bail shall issue an order of release to the officer in charge of the jail, and such officer on receipt of the order shall release him.
 
 
 
 
(2) Nothing in this section, section 496 or section 497 shall be deemed to require the release of any person liable to be detained for some matter other than that in respect of which the bond was executed.
Power to order sufficient bail when that first taken is insufficient
501. If, through mistake, fraud or otherwise, insufficient sureties have been accepted, or if they afterwards become insufficient, the Court may issue a warrant of arrest directing that the person released on bail be brought before it and may order him to find sufficient sureties, and, on his failing so to do, may commit him to jail.
Discharge of sureties
502.(1) All or any sureties for the attendance and appearance of a person released on bail may at any time apply to a Magistrate to discharge the bond, either wholly or so far as relates to the applicants.
 
 
(2) On such application being made, the Magistrate shall issue his warrant of arrest directing that the person so released be brought before him.
 
 
(3) On the appearance of such person pursuant to the warrant, or on his voluntary surrender, the Magistrate shall direct the bond to be discharged either wholly or so far as relates to the applicants, and shall call upon such person to find other sufficient sureties, and, if he fails to do so, may commit him to custody.
 
 

Chapter XL

OF COMMISSIONS FOR THE EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES

When attendance of witness may be dispensed with Issue of commission and procedure thereunder
503.(1) Whenever in the course of an inquiry, a trial or any other proceeding under this Code, it appears to 5[a Metropolitan Magistrate], 6[a Chief Judicial Magistrate], a Court of Session or the High Court Division that the examination of a witness is necessary for the ends of justice, and that the attendance of such witness cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, under the circumstances of the case, would be unreasonable, such Magistrate or Court may dispense with such attendance and may issue a commission to any District Magistrate, 7[Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or Chief Judicial Magistrate], within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such witness resides, to take the evidence of such witness.
 
 
(2) and (2A) [Omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]
 
 
(2B) When the witness resides in the United Kingdom or any other country of the Commonwealth other than Bangladesh, or in the Union of Burma, or any other country in which reciprocal arrangement in this behalf exists, the commission may be issued to such Court or Judge having authority in this behalf in that country as may be specified by the Government by notification in the official Gazette.
 
 
(3) The Magistrate or officer to whom the commission is issued, or if he is the 8[Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the Chief Judicial Magistrate], he, or 9[any other Magistrate] as he appoints in this behalf, shall proceed to the place where the witness is or shall summon the witness before him, and shall take down his evidence in the same manner, and may for this purpose exercise the same powers, as in trials of warrant-cases under this Code.
 
 
(4) [Omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973).]
Commission in case of witness being within 10[a] Metropolitan Area

11[504.(1) If the witness is within the local limits of the jurisdiction of any Metropolitan Magistrate, the Magistrate or Court issuing the commission may direct the same to such Metropolitan Magistrate, who thereupon may compel the attendance of, and examine, such witness as if he were a witness in a case pending before himself.

 
 
 
 

(2) When a commission is issued under this section to the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, he may delegate his powers and duties under the commission to any Metropolitan Magistrate subordinate to him.]

Parties may examine witnesses
505.(1) The parties to any proceeding under this Code in which a commission is issued, may respectively forward any interrogatories in writing which the Magistrate or Court directing the commission may think relevant to the issue and when the commission is directed to a Magistrate or officer mentioned in section 503, such Magistrate or the Officer to whom the duty of executing such commission has been delegated shall examine the witness upon such interrogatories.
 
 
 
 
(2) Any such party may appear before such Magistrate or officer by pleader, or if not in custody, in person, and may examine, cross-examine and re-examine (as the case may be) the said witness.
Power of Subordinate Magistrate to apply for issue of commission
506. Whenever, in the course of an inquiry or a trial or any other proceeding under this Code before any Magistrate other than a 12[ 13[Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or Chief Judicial Magistrate], it appears that a commission ought to be issued for the examination of a witness whose evidence is necessary for the ends of justice, and that the attendance of such witness cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, under the circumstances of the case, would be unreasonable, 14[such Magistrate shall apply to the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, to whom he is subordinate], stating the reasons for the application; 15[and the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate] may either issue a commission in the manner hereinbefore provided or reject the application.
Return of commission
507.(1) After any commission issued under section 503 or section 506 has been duly executed, it shall be returned, together with the deposition of the witness examined thereunder, to the Court out of which it issued; and the commission, the return thereto and the deposition shall be open at all reasonable times to inspection of the parties, and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evidence in the case by either party, and shall form part of the record.
 
 
 
 
(2) Any deposition so taken, if it satisfies the conditions prescribed by section 33 of the Evidence Act, 1872, may also be received in evidence at any subsequent stage of the case before another Court.
Adjournment of inquiry or trial
508. In every case in which a commission is issued under section 503 or section 506, the inquiry, trial or other proceeding may be adjourned for a specified time reasonably sufficient for the execution and return of the commission.
Application of this Chapter to Commissions issued in Burma
16[508A. The provisions of sub-section (3) of section 503, 17[section 504] and so much of sections 505 and 507 as relates to the execution of a commission and its return by the Magistrate or officer to whom the commission is directed shall apply in respect of commissions issued by any Court or Judge having authority in this behalf in the United Kingdom or in any other country of the commonwealth other than Bangladesh or in the Union of Burma or any other country in which reciprocal arrangement in this behalf exists under the law in force in that country relating to commissions for the examination of witnesses, as they apply to commissions issued under section 503 or section 506.]
 
 

Chapter XLI

SPECIAL RULES OF EVIDENCE

Deposition of medical witness
509.(1) The deposition of a Civil Surgeon or other medical witness, taken and attested by a Magistrate in the presence of the accused, or taken on commission under Chapter XL, may be given in evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, although the deponent is not called as a witness.
Power to summon medical witness
(2) The Court may, if it thinks fit, summon and examine such deponent as to the subject-matter of his deposition.
Report of post-mortem examination
18[509A. Where in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code the report of a post-mortem examination is required to be used as evidence, and the Civil Surgeon or other medical officer who made the report is dead or is incapable of giving evidence or is beyond the limits of Bangladesh and his attendance cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, under the circumstances of the case, would be unreasonable, such report may be used as evidence.]
Report of Chemical Examiner, serologist, etc.
19[510. Any document purporting to be a report under the hand of any Chemical Examiner or Assistant Chemical Examiner to Government or any serologist, handwriting expert, finger print expert or fire-arm expert appointed by the Government, upon any matter or thing duly submitted to him for examination or analysis and report in the course of any proceeding under this Code, may, without calling him as a witness, be used as evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code.]
Evidence of formal character on Affidavit
20[510A.(1) The evidence of any person whose evidence is of a formal character may be given by affidavit and may, subject to all just exceptions, be read in evidence in any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Court may, if it thinks fit, and shall, on the application of the prosecution or the accused, summon and examine any such person as to the facts contained in his affidavit.]
Previous conviction or acquittal how proved
511. In any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, a previous conviction or acquittal may be proved, in addition to any other mode provided by any law for the time being in force-
 
 
 
 
(a) by an extract certified under the hand of the officer having the custody of the records of the Court in which such conviction or acquittal was had to be a copy of the sentence or order; or
 
 
 
 
(b) in case of a conviction, either by a certificate signed by the officer in charge of the jail in which the punishment or any part thereof was inflicted, or by production of the warrant of commitment under which the punishment was suffered;
 
 
 
 
together with, in each of such cases, evidence as to the identity of the accused person with the person so convicted or acquitted.
Record of evidence in absence of accused
512.(1) If it is proved that an accused person has absconded, and that there is no immediate prospect of arresting him, the Court competent to try 21[* * *] such person for the offence complained of may, in his absence, examine the witnesses (if any) produced on behalf of the prosecution, and record their depositions. Any such deposition may 22[* * *] be given in evidence against him on the inquiry into, or trial for, the offence with which he is charged, if the deponent is dead or incapable of giving evidence or his attendance cannot be procured without an amount of delay, expense or inconvenience which, under the circumstances of the case, would be unreasonable.
Record of evidence when offender unknown
(2) If it appears that an offence punishable with death or transportation has been committed by some person or persons unknown, the High Court Division may direct that any Magistrate of the first class shall hold an inquiry and examine any witnesses who can give evidence concerning the offence. Any depositions so taken may be given in evidence against any person who is subsequently accused of the offence, if the deponent is dead or incapable of giving evidence or beyond the limits of Bangladesh.
 
 

Chapter XLII

PROVISIONS AS TO BONDS

Deposit instead of recognizance
513. When any person is required by any Court or officer to execute a bond, with or without sureties, such Court or officer may, except in the case of a bond for good behaviour, permit him to deposit a sum of money or Government promissory notes to such amount as the Court or officer may fix, in lieu of executing such bond.
Procedure in case of insolvency or death of surety or when a bond is forfeited
23[514A. When any surety to a bond under this Code becomes insolvent or dies, or when any bond is forfeited under the provisions of section 514, the Court by whose order such bond was taken, or a 24[Metropolitan Magistrate or] Magistrate of the first class, may order the person form whom such security was demanded to furnish fresh security in accordance with the directions of the original order, and, if such security is not furnished, such Court or Magistrate may proceed as if there had been a default in complying with such original order.
Procedure on forfeiture of bond
514.(1) Whenever it is proved to the satisfaction of the Court by which a bond under this Code has been taken, or of a 25[Metropolitan Magistrate or] Magistrate of the first class,
 
 
or, when the bond is for appearance before a Court, to the satisfaction of such Court, that such bond has been forfeited, the Court shall record the grounds of such proof, and may call upon any person bound by such bond to pay the penalty thereof, or to show cause why it should not be paid.
 
 
(2) If sufficient cause is not shown and the penalty is not paid, the Court may proceed to recover the same by issuing a warrant for the attachment and sale of the movable property belonging to such person or his estate if he be dead.
 
 
(3) Such warrant may be executed within the local limits of the jurisdiction of the Court which issued it; and it shall authorize the attachment and sale of any movable property belonging to such person without such limits, when endorsed by the District Magistrate 26[***] within the local limits of whose jurisdiction such property is found.
 
 
(4) If such penalty is not paid and cannot be recovered by such attachment and sale, the person so bound shall be liable, by order of the Court which issued the warrant, to imprisonment in the civil jail for a term which may extend to six months.
 
 
(5) The Court may, at its discretion, remit any portion of the penalty mentioned and enforce payment in part only.
 
 
(6) Where a surety to a bond dies before the bond is forfeited, his estate shall be discharged from all liability in respect of the bond.
 
 
(7) When any person who has furnished security under section 106 or section 118 27[***] is convicted of an offence the commission of which constitutes a breach of the conditions of his bond, or of a bond executed in lieu of his bond under section 514B, a certified copy of the judgment of the Court by which he was convicted of such offence may be used as evidence in proceedings under this section against his surety or sureties, and, if such certified copy is so used, the Court shall presume that such offence was committed by him unless the contrary is proved.
Bond required from a minor
514B. When the person required by any Court or officer to execute a bond is a minor, such Court or officer may accept, in lieu thereof, a bond executed by a surety or sureties only.]
Appeal from, and revision of, orders under section 514
28[515. All orders passed under section 514, by any Magistrate whether Executive or Judicial or Metropolitan Magistrate shall be appealable to the District Magistrate, Sessions Judge or the Metropolitan Sessions Judge respectively and where no such appeal is made, the order may be revised-
 
 
(a) by the Judicial Metropolitan Magistrate, if the order is passed by a Judicial Magistrate other than the Chief Judicial Magistrate;
 
 
(b) by the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate if the order is passed by a Metropolitan Magistrate other than the Chief Judicial Magistrate; and
 
 
(c) by the District Magistrate, if the order is passed by an Executive Magistrate other than the District Magistrate.]
Power to direct levy of amount due on certain recognizances
516. The High Court Division or Court of Session may direct any Magistrate to levy the amount due on a bond to appear and attend at such High Court Division or Court of Session.
 
 

Chapter XLIII

OF THE DISPOSAL OF PROPERTY

Order for custody and disposal of property pending trial in certain cases
29[516A. When any property regarding which any offence appears to have been committed, or which appears to have been used for the commission of any offence, is produced before any Criminal Court during any inquiry or trial, the Court may make such order as it thinks fit for the proper custody of such property pending the conclusion of the inquiry or trial, and, if the property is subject to speedy or natural decay, may, after recording such evidence as it thinks necessary, order it to be sold or otherwise disposed of.]
Order for disposal of property regarding which offence committed
517.(1) When an inquiry or a trial in any Criminal Court is concluded, the Court may make such order as it thinks fit for the disposal by destruction, confiscation, or delivery to any person claiming to be entitled to possession thereof or otherwise of any property or document produced before it or in its custody or regarding which any offence appears to have been committed, or which has been used for the commission of any offence.
 
 
 
 
(2) When High Court Division or a Court of Session makes such order and cannot through its own officers conveniently deliver the property to the person entitled thereto, such Court may direct that the order be carried into effect by the 30[Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or] District Magistrate.
 
 
 
 
(3) When an order is made under this section such order shall not, except where the property is livestock or subject to speedy and natural decay, and save as provided by sub-section (4), be carried out for one month, or, when an appeal is presented, until such appeal has been disposed of.
 
 
 
 
(4) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit any Court from delivering any property under the provisions of sub-section (1) to any person claiming to be entitled to the possession thereof, on his executing a bond with or without sureties to the satisfaction of the Court, engaging to restore such property to the Court if the order made under this section is modified or set aside on appeal.
 
 
 
 
Explanation- In this section the term "property" includes in the case of property regarding which an offence appears to have been committed, not only such property as has been originally in the possession or under the control of any party, but also any property into or for which the same may have been converted or exchanged, and anything acquired by such conversion or exchange, whether immediately or otherwise.
Order may take form of reference to District 31[***] Magistrate.
518. In lieu of itself passing an order under section 517, the Court may direct the property to be delivered to the 32[District Magistrate], who shall in such cases deal with it as if it had been seized by the police and the seizure had been reported to him in the manner hereinafter mentioned.
Payment to innocent purchaser of money found on accused
519. When any person is convicted of any offence which includes, or amounts to theft or receiving stolen property, and it is proved that any other person has bought the stolen property from him without knowing, or having reason to believe, that the same was stolen, and that any money has on his arrest been taken out of the possession of the convicted person, the Court may, on the application of such purchaser and on the restitution of the stolen property to the person entitled to the possession thereof, order that out of such money a sum not exceeding the price paid by such purchaser be delivered to him.
Stay of order under sections 517, 518 or 519
520. Any Court of appeal, confirmation, reference or revision may direct any order under section 517, section 518 or section 519, passed by a Court subordinate thereto, to be stayed pending consideration by the former Court, and may modify, alter or annul such order and make any further orders that may be just.
Destruction of libelous and other matter
521.(1) On a conviction under the Penal Code, section 292, section 293, section 501 or section 502, the Court may order the destruction of all the copies of the thing in respect of which the conviction was had, and which are in the custody of the Court or remain in the possession or power of the person convicted.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Court may, in like manner, on a conviction under the Penal Code, section 272, section 273, section 274 or section 275, order the food, drink, drug or medical preparation in respect of which the conviction was had to be destroyed.
Power to restore possession of immovable property
522.(1) Whenever a person is convicted of an offence attended by criminal force or show of force or by criminal intimidation and it appears to the Court that by such force or show of force or by criminal intimidation any person has been dispossessed of any immovable property, the Court may, if it thinks fit, when convicting such person or at any time within one month from the date of the conviction order the person dispossessed to be restored to the possession of the same.
 
 
 
 
(2) No such order shall prejudice any right or interest to or in such immovable property which any person may be able to establish in a civil suit.
 
 
 
 
(3) An order under this section may be made by any Court of appeal, confirmation, reference or revision.
Procedure by police upon seizure of property taken under section 51 or stolen
523.(1) The seizure by any police-officer of property taken under section 51, or alleged or suspected to have been stolen, or found under circumstances which create suspicion of the commission of any offence, shall be forthwith reported to a Magistrate, who shall make such order as he thinks fit respecting the disposal of such property or the delivery of such property to the person entitled to the possession thereof, or, if such person cannot be ascertained, respecting the custody and production of such property.
Procedure where owner of property seized unknown
(2) If the person so entitled is known, the Magistrate may order the property to be delivered to him on such conditions (if any) as the Magistrate thinks fit. If such person is unknown, the Magistrate may detain it and shall, in such case, issue a Proclamation specifying the articles of which such property consists, and requiring any person who may have a claim thereto, to appear before him and establish his claim within 33[one month] from the date of such proclamation.
Procedure where no claimant appears within six months
524.(1) If no person within such period establishes his claim to such property, and if the person in whose possession such property was found, is unable to show that it was legally acquired by him, such property shall be at the disposal of the Government, and may be sold under the orders of the 34[ Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, Chief Judicial Magistrate], or of a Magistrate of the first class empowered by the Government in this behalf.
 
 
(2) In the case of every order passed under this section, an appeal shall lie to the Court to which appeals against sentences of the Court passing such order would lie.
Power to sell perishable property
525. If the person entitled to the possession of such property is unknown or absent and the property is subject to speedy and natural decay, or if the Magistrate to whom its seizure is reported is of opinion that its sale would be for the benefit of the owner, or that the value of such property is less than ten taka the Magistrate may at any time direct it to be sold; and the provisions of sections 523 and 524 shall, as nearly as may be practicable, apply to the net proceeds of such sale.
 
 
 
 

Chapter XLIV

OF THE TRANSFER OF CRIMINAL CASES

Power of Appellate Division to transfer cases and appeals
35[525A.(1) The Appellate Division may direct the transfer of any particular case or appeal from one permanent Bench of the High Court Division to another permanent Bench of the High Court Division, or from any Criminal Court within the jurisdiction of one permanent Bench of the High Court Division to any other Criminal Court of equal or superior jurisdiction within the jurisdiction of another permanent Bench of the High Court Division, whenever it appears to it that such transfer will promote the ends of justice, or tend to the general convenience of parties or witnesses.
 
(2) The permanent Bench of the High Court Division or the Court, as the case may be, to which such case or appeal is transferred shall deal with the same as if it had been originally instituted in, or presented to, such Bench or Court, as the case may be.]
High Court Division may transfer case or itself try it
526.(1) Whenever it is made to appear to the High Court Division-
 
 
 
 
(a) that a fair and impartial inquiry or trial cannot be had in any Criminal Court subordinate thereto, or
 
 
 
 
(b) that some question of law of unusual difficulty is likely to arise, or
 
 
 
 
(c) that a view of the place in or near which any offence has been committed may be required for the satisfactory inquiry into or trial of the same, or
 
 
 
 
(d) that an order under this section will tend to the general convenience of the parties or witnesses, or
 
 
 
 
(e) that such an order is expedient for the ends of justice, or is required by any provision of this Code; it may order-
 
 
 
 
(i) that any offence be inquired into or tried by any Court not empowered under sections 177 to 36[183] (both inclusive), but in other respects competent to inquire into or try such offence;
 
 
 
 
(ii) that any particular case or appeal, or class of cases or appeals, be transferred from a Criminal Court subordinate to its authority to any other such Criminal Court of equal or superior jurisdiction;
 
 
 
 
(iii) that any particular case or appeal be transferred to and tried before itself; or
 
 
 
 
(iv) that an accused person be 37[sent] for trial to itself or to a Court of Session.
 
 
(2) When the High Court Division withdraws for trial before itself any case from any Court it shall 38[* * *] observe in such trial the same procedure which that Court would have observed if the case had not been so withdrawn.
 
 
 
 
(3) The High Court Division may act either on the report of the lower Court, or on the application of a party interested, or on its own initiative 39[:
 
 
 
 
Provided that no application shall lie to the High Court Division for transferring a case from one Criminal Court to another Criminal Court in the same sessions division, unless an application for such transfer has been made to the Sessions Judge and rejected by him.].
 
 
 
 
(4) Every application for the exercise of the power conferred by this section shall be made by motion, which shall, except when the applicant is the 40[Attorney-General], be supported by affidavit or affirmation.
 
 
 
 
(5) When an accused person makes an application under this section, the High Court Division may direct him to execute a bond, with or without sureties, conditioned that he will, if so ordered, pay any amount which the High Court Division may under this section award by way of compensation to the person opposing the application.
Notice to Public Prosecutor of application under this section

(6) Every accused person making any such application shall give to the Public Prosecutor notice in writing of the application, together with a copy of the grounds on which it is made; and no order shall be made on the merits of the application unless at least twenty-four hours have elapsed between the giving of such notice and the hearing of the application.

 
 
 
 

(6A) Where any application for the exercise of the power conferred by this section is dismissed, the High Court Division may if it is of opinion that the application was frivolous or vexatious, order the applicant to pay by way of compensation to any person who has opposed the application such sum not exceeding 41[one thousand taka] as it may consider proper in the circumstances of the case.

 
 
 
 

(7) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to affect any order made under section 197.

Adjournment on application under this section

(8) If in any inquiry under Chapter VIII 42[* * *] or any trial, any party interested intimates to the Court at any stage before the defence closes its case that he intends to make an application under this section, the Court shall, upon his executing, if so required, a bond without sureties, of an amount not exceeding two hundred taka, that he will make such application within a reasonable time to be fixed by the Court, adjourn the case for such a period as will afford sufficient time for the application to be made and an order to be obtained thereon:

 
 
 
 

Provided that nothing herein contained shall require the Court to adjourn the case upon a second or subsequent intimation from the same party, or, where an adjournment under this sub-section has already been obtained by one of several accused, upon a subsequent intimation by any other accused.

 
 
 
 

(9) Notwithstanding anything hereinbefore contained, a Judge presiding in a Court of Session shall not be required to adjourn a trial under sub-section (8) if he is of opinion that the person notifying his intention of making an application under this section has had a reasonable opportunity of making such an application and has failed without sufficient cause to take advantage of it.

 
 

Explanation-Nothing contained in sub-section (8) or sub-section (9) restricts the powers of a Court under section 344.

 
 
 
 

(10) If, before the argument (if any) for the admission of an appeal begins, or, in the case of an appeal admitted, before the argument for the appellant begins, any party interested intimates to the Court that he intends to make an application under this section, the Court shall, upon such party executing, if so required, a bond without sureties of an amount not exceeding two hundred taka that he will make such application within a reasonable time to be fixed by the Court, postpone the appeal for such a period as will afford sufficient time for the application to be made and an order to be obtained thereon.

Omitted

526A. [Omitted by section 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1969 (Ordinance No. XX of 1969).]

Power of Sessions Judge to transfer cases

43[526B.(1) Whenever it is made to appear to a Sessions Judge that an order under this section is expedient for the ends of justice, he may order that any particular case be transferred from one Criminal Court to another Criminal Court in his sessions division.

 
 
 
 

(2) The Sessions Judge may act either on the report of the lower Court, or on the Application of a party interested, or on his own initiative.

 
 
 
 

(3) The provisions of sub-sections (4) to (10) (both inclusive) of section 526 shall apply in relation to an application to the Sessions Judge for an order under sub-section (1) as they apply in relation to an application to the High Court Division for an order sub-section (1) of section 526.]

Omitted

527. [Omitted by the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973), section 3 and 2nd Schedule.]

Sessions Judge may withdraw cases from Assistant Sessions Judge.
528.(1) Any Sessions Judge may withdraw any case from, or recall any case which he has made over to, any 44[Joint] Sessions Judge subordinate to him.
 
 
(1A) At any time before the trial of the case or the hearing of the appeal has commenced before the Additional Sessions Judge, any Sessions Judge may recall any case or appeal which he has made over to any Additional Sessions Judge.
 
 
(1B) Where a Sessions Judge withdraws or recalls a case under sub-section (1) or recalls a case or appeal under sub-section (IA), he may either try the case in his own Court or hear the appeal himself, or make it over in accordance with the provisions of this Code to another Court for trial or hearing, as the case may be.

(2) [The Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or 45[Chief Judicial Magistrate or District Magistrate] may withdraw any case from, or recall any case which he has made over to, any Magistrate subordinate to him, and may inquire into or try such case himself, or refer it for inquiry or trial to any other such Magistrate competent to inquire into or try the same.

(3) The Government 46[with the approval of the High Court Division] may authorize the 47[Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the Chief Judicial Magistrate] to withdraw from any Magistrate subordinate to him either such classes of cases as he thinks proper, or particular classes of cases.

 
 

(4) Any Magistrate may recall any case made over by him under section 192, sub-section (2), to any other Magistrate and may inquire into or try such case himself.

 
 

(5) A Magistrate making an order under this section shall record in writing his reasons for making the same.

 

CHAPTER XLIVA.[Omitted by the Criminal Law (Extinction of Discriminatory Privileges) Act, 1949 (Act No. II of 1950), Schedule.]

Chapter XLV

OF IRREGULAR PROCEEDINGS

Irregularities which do not vitiate proceedings
529. If any Magistrate not empowered by law to do any of the following things, namely:–
 
 
 
 
(a) to issue a search-warrant under section 98;
 
 
 
 
(b) to order, under section 155, the police to investigate an offence;
 
 
 
 
(c) to hold an inquest under section 176;
 
 
 
 
(d) to issue process, under section 186, for the apprehension of a person within the local limits of his jurisdiction who has committed an offence outside such limits;
 
 
 
 
(e) to take cognizance of an offence under section 190, sub-section (1), clause (a), or clause (b);
 
 
 
 
(f) to transfer a case under section 192;
 
 
 
 
(g) to tender a pardon under section 337 or section 338;
 
 
 
 
(h) to sell property under section 524 or section 525; or
 
 
 
 
(i) to withdraw a case and try it himself under section 528;
 
 
 
 
erroneously in good faith does that thing, his proceedings shall not be set aside merely on the ground of his not being so empowered.
Irregularities which vitiate proceedings
530. If any Magistrate, not being empowered by law in this behalf, does any of the following thins, namely:–
 
 
 
 
(a) attaches and sells property under section 88;
 
 
 
 
(b) issues a search-warrant for a letter, parcel or other thing in the Post Office, or a telegram in the Telegraph Department;
 
 
 
 
(c) demands security to keep the peace;
 
 
 
 
(d) demands security for good behaviour;
 
 
 
 
(e) discharges a person lawfully bound to be of good behaviour;
 
 
 
 
(f) cancels a bond to keep the peace;
 
 
 
 
(g) makes an order under section 133 as to a local nuisance;
 
 
 
 
(h) prohibits, under section 143, the repetition or continuance of a public nuisance;
 
 
 
 
(i) issues an order under section 144;
 
 
 
 
(j) makes an order under Chapter XII;
 
 
 
 
(k) takes cognizance, under section 190, sub-section (1) clause (c), of an offence;
 
 
 
 
(l) passes a sentence, under section 349, on proceedings recorded by another Magistrate;
 
 
 
 
(m) calls, under section 435, for proceedings;
 
 
 
 
(n) makes an order for maintenance;
 
 
 
 
(o) revises, under section 515, an order passed under section 514;
 
 
 
 
(p) tries an offender;
 
 
 
 
(q) tries an offender summarily; or
 
 
 
 
(r) decides an appeal;
 
 
 
 
his proceedings shall be void.
Proceedings in wrong place
531. No finding, sentence or order of any Criminal Court shall be set aside merely on the ground that the inquiry, trial or other proceeding in the course of which it was arrived at or passed, took place in a wrong sessions division, district, 48[***] or other local area, unless it appears that such error has in fact occasioned a failure of justice.
Omitted
532. [Omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978).]
Non-compliance with provisions of section 164 or 364
533.(1) If any Court, before which a confession or other statement of an accused person recorded or purporting to be recorded under section 164 or section 364 is tendered or has been received in evidence, finds that any of the provisions of either of such sections have not been complied with by the Magistrate recording the statement, it shall take evidence that such person duly make the statement recorded; and, notwithstanding anything contained in the Evidence Act, 1872, section 91, such statement shall be admitted if the error has not injured the accused as to his defence on the merits.
 
 
(2) The provisions of this section apply to Courts of Appeal, Reference and Revision.
Omitted
534. [Omitted by Schedule of the Criminal Law (Extinction of Discriminatory Privileges) Act, 1949 (Act No. II of 1950).]
Effect of omission to prepare charge
535.(1) No finding or sentence pronounced or passed shall be deemed invalid merely on the ground that no charge was framed, unless, in the opinion of the Court of appeal or revision, a failure of justice has in fact been occasioned thereby.
 
 
 
 
(2) If the Court of appeal or revision thinks that a failure of justice has been occasioned by an omission to frame a charge, it shall order that a charge be framed, and that the trial be recommenced from the point immediately after the framing of the charge.
Omitted
536. [Omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978).]
Finding or sentence when reversible by reason of error or omission in charge or other proceedings
537. Subject to the provisions hereinbefore contained, no finding, sentence or order passed by a Court of competent jurisdiction shall be reversed or altered under Chapter XXVII or on appeal or revision on account–
 
 
 
 
(a) of any error, omission or irregularity in the complaint, summons, warrant, charge, proclamation, order, judgment or other proceedings before or during trial or in any inquiry or other proceedings under this Code, or
 
 
 
 
49[* * *]
 
 
 
 
50[* * *]
 
 
 
 
Explanation–In determining whether any error, omission or irregularity in any proceeding under this Code has occasioned a failure of justice, the Court shall have regard to the fact whether the objection could and should have been raised at an earlier stage in the proceedings.
Attachment not illegal, person making same not trespasser for defect or want of form in proceedings
538. No. attachment made under this Code shall be deemed unlawful, nor shall any person making the same be deemed a trespasser, on account of any defect or want of form in the summons, conviction, writ of attachment or other proceedings relating thereto.

Chapter XLVI

MISCELLANEOUS

Courts and persons before whom affidavits may be sworn
539. Affidavits and affirmations to be used before High Court Division or any officer of such Court may be sworn and affirmed before such Court or the Clerk of the State or any Commissioner or other person appointed by such Court for that purpose, or any Judge, or any Commissioner for taking affidavits in any Court of Record in Bangladesh 51[* * *].
Affidavit in proof of conduct of public servant
52[539A.(1) When any application is made to any Court in the course of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, and allegations are made therein respecting any public servant, the applicant may give evidence of the facts alleged in the application by affidavit, and the Court may, if it thinks fit, order that evidence relating to such facts be so given.
 
 
 
 
An affidavit to be used before any Court other than High Court Division under this section may be sworn or affirmed in the manner prescribed in section 539, or before any Magistrate.
 
 
 
 
Affidavits under this section shall be confined to, and shall state separately, such facts as the deponent is able to prove from his own knowledge and such facts as he has reasonable ground to believe to be true, and, in the latter case, the deponent shall clearly state the grounds of such belief.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Court may order any scandalous and irrelevant matter in an affidavit to be struck out or amended.
Local inspection
539B.(1) Any Judge or Magistrate may at any stage of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding, after due notice to the parties, visit and inspect any place in which an offence is alleged to have been committed, or any other place which it is in his opinion necessary to view for the purpose of property appreciating the evidence given at such inquiry or trial, and shall without unnecessary delay record a memorandum of any relevant facts observed at such inspection.
 
 
 
 
(2) Such memorandum shall form part of the record of the case. If the Public Prosecutor, complainant or accused so desires, a copy of the memorandum shall be furnished to him free of cost:
 
 
 
 
53[* * *]]
Power to summon material witness or examine person present
540. Any Court may, at any stage of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, summon any person as a witness, or examine any person in attendance, though not summoned as a witness, or recall and re-examine any person already examined; and the Court shall summon and examine or recall and re-examine any such person if his evidence appears to it essential to the just decision of the case.
Provision for inquiries and trial being held in the absence of accused in certain cases
540A.(1) At any stage of an inquiry or trial under this Code, where two or more accused are before the Court, if the Judge or Magistrate is satisfied, for reasons to be recorded, that any one or more of such accused is or are incapable of remaining before the Court, he may, if such accused is represented by 54[an advocate], dispense with his attendance and proceed with such inquiry or trial in his absence, and may, at any subsequent stage of the proceedings, direct the personal attendance of such accused.
 
 
 
 
(2) If the accused in any such case is not represented by 55[an advocate], or if the Judge or Magistrate considers his personal attendance necessary, he may, if he thinks fit, and for reasons to be recorded by him, either adjourn such inquiry or trial, or order that the case of such accused be taken up or tried separately.
Power to appoint place of imprisonment
541.(1) Unless when otherwise provided by any law for the time being in force, the Government may direct in what place any person liable to be imprisoned or committed to custody under this Code shall be confined.
Removal to criminal jail of accused or convicted persons who are in confinement in civil jail, and their return to the civil jail
(2) If any person liable to be imprisoned or committed to custody under this Code is in confinement in a civil jail, the Court or Magistrate ordering the imprisonment or committal may direct that the person be removed to a criminal jail.
 
 
 
 
(3) When a person is removed to a criminal jail under sub-section (2), he shall, on being released therefrom, be sent back to the civil jail, unless either–
 
 
 
 
(a) three years have lapsed since he was removed to the criminal jail, in which case he shall be deemed to have been discharged from the civil jail under 56[section 58] of the 57[Code of Civil Procedure, 1908]; or
 
 
 
 
(b) the Court which ordered his imprisonment in the civil jail has certified to the officer in charge of the criminal jail that he is entitled to be discharged under 58[section 58] of the 59[Code of Civil Procedure, 1908].
Repealed
542. [Repealed by section 3 and II Schedule of the Federal Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act. 1951 (XXVI of 1951).]
Interpreter to be bound to interpret truthfully
543. When the services of an interpreter are required by any Criminal Court for the interpretation of any evidence or statement, he shall be bound to state the true interpretation of such evidence or statement.
Expenses of complainants and witnesses
544. Subject to any rules made by the Government, any Criminal Court may, if it thinks fit, order payment, on the part of Government, of the reasonable expenses of any complainant or witness attending for the purposes of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding before such Court under this Code.
Power of Court to pay expenses or compensation out of fine
545.(1) Wherever under any law in force for the time being a Criminal Court imposes a fine or confirms in appeal, revision or otherwise a sentence of fine, or a sentence of which fine forms a part, the Court may, when passing judgment, order the whole or any part of the fine recovered to be applied–
 
 
 
 
(a) in defraying expossess properly incurred in the prosecution;
 
 
 
 
(b) in the payment to any person of compensation for any loss or injury caused by the offence, when substantial compensation is, in the opinion of the Court, recoverable by such person in a Civil Court;
 
 
 
 
(c) when any person is convicted of any offence which includes theft, criminal misappropriation, criminal breach of trust, or cheating, or of having dishonestly received or retained, or of having voluntarily assisted in disposing of, stolen property knowing or having reason to believe the same to be stolen, in compensating any bona fide purchaser, of such property for the loss of the same if such property is restored to the possession of the person entitled thereto.
 
 
 
 
(2) If the fine is imposed in a case which is subject to appeal, no such payment shall be made before the period allowed for presenting the appeal has elapsed, or, if an appeal be presented, before the decision of the appeal.
Payments to be taken into account in subsequent suit
546. At the time of awarding compensation in any subsequent civil suit relating to the same matter, the Court shall take into account any sum paid or recovered as compensation under section 545.
Order of payment of certain fees paid by complainant in non-cognizable cases
60[546A.(1) Whenever any complaint of a non-cognizable offence is made to a Court, the Court, if it convicts the accused, may in addition to the penalty imposed upon him, order him to pay to the complainant–
 
 
 
 
(a) the fee (if any) paid on the petition of compliant or for the examination of the complainant, and
 
 
 
 
(b) any fees paid by the complainant for serving processes on his witnesses or on the accused,
 
 
 
 
and may further order that, in default of payment, the accused shall suffer simple imprisonment for a period not exceeding thirty days.
 
 
 
 
(2) An order under this section may also be made by an Appellate Court, or by the High Court Division, when exercising its powers of revision.]
Moneys ordered to be paid recoverable as fines
547. Any money (other than a fine) payable by virtue of any order made under this code, and the method of recovery of which is not otherwise expressly provided for shall be recoverable as if it were a fine.
Copies of proceedings
548. If any person affected by a judgment or order passed by a Criminal Court desires to have a copy of 61[* * *] any order or deposition or other part of the record be shall, on applying for such copy, be furnished therewith:
 
 
 
 
Provided that he pays for the same, unless the Court, for some special reason, thinks fit to furnish it free of cost.
Apprehension of such persons
(2) Every Magistrate shall, on receiving a written application for that purpose by the commanding officer of any body of soldiers, sailors or airman stationed or employed at any such place, use his utmost endeavours to apprehend and secure any person accused of such offence.
Delivery to military authorities of persons liable to the tried by Court-martial
549.(1) The Government may make rules consistent with this Code and the Army Act, 1952 (XXXIX of 1952), the Air Force Act, 1953 (VI of 1953), and the Navy Ordinance, 1961 (XXXV of 1961), and any similar law for the time being in force as to the cases in which persons subject to military, naval or air force law, shall be tried by a Court to which the Code applies, or by Court martial, and when any person is brought before a Magistrate and charged with an offence for which he is liable to be tried either by a Court to which this Code applies or by a Court-martial such Magistrate shall have regard to such rules, and shall in proper cases deliver him, together with a statement of the offence of which he is accused, to the commanding officer of the regiment, corps, ship or detachment, to which he belongs, or to the commanding officer of the nearest military, naval or air-force station, as the case may be, for the purpose of being tried by Court-martial.
Powers to police to seize property suspected to be stolen
550. Any police-officer may seize any property which may be alleged or suspected to have been stolen, or which may be found under circumstances which create suspicion of the commission of any offence. Such police-officer, if subordinate to the officer in charge of a police-station, shall forthwith report the seizure to that officer.
Power of superior officers of police
551. Police -officers superior in rank to an officer in charge of a police-station may exercise the same powers, throughout the local area to which they are appointed, as may be exercised by such officer within the limits of his station.
Power to compel restoration of abducted females
552. Upon complaint made to a 62[Metropolitan Magistrate 63[or a Magistrate of the first class] or] District Magistrate on oath of the abduction or unlawful detention of woman, or of a female child under the age of sixteen years, for any unlawful purpose, he may make an order for the immediate restoration of such woman to her liberty, or of such female child to her husband, parent, guardian or other person having the lawful charge of such child, and may compel compliance with such order, using such force as may be necessary.
Repealed
553. [Repealed by section 3 and II Schedule of the Federal Laws (Revision and declaration) Act, 1951 (Act No. XXVI of 1951).]
Power of chartered High Court Division to make rules for inspection of records of subordinate Courts
554.(1) With the previous sanction of the 64[Government, the Supreme Court] may, from time to time, make rules for the inspection of the records of subordinate Courts.
Power of other High Court Division to make rules for other purposes
(2) 65[The Supreme Court] may, from time to time, and with the previous sanction of the Government–
 
 
 
 
(a) make rules for keeping all books, entries and accounts to be kept in all Criminal Courts subordinate to it, and for the preparation and transmission of any returns or statements to be prepared and submitted by such Courts;
 
 
 
 
(b) frame forms for every proceeding in the said Courts for which it thinks that a form should be provided;
 
 
 
 
(c) make rules for regulating its own practice and proceedings and the practice and proceedings of all Criminal Courts subordinate to it; and
 
 
 
 
(d) make rules for regulating the execution of warrants issued under this Code for the levy of fines:
 
 
 
 
Provided that the rules and forms made and framed under this section shall not be inconsistent with this Code or any other law in force for the time being.
 
 
 
 
(3) All rules made under this section shall be published in the official Gazette.
Forms
555. Subject to the power conferred by section 554, and by 66[article 107 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh], the forms set forth in the fifth schedule, with such variation as the circumstances of each case require, may be used for the respective purposes therein mentioned, and if used shall be sufficient.
Case in which Judge or Magistrate is personally interested
556. No Judge or Magistrate shall, except with the permission of the Court to which an appeal lies from his Court, try 67[* * *] for trial any case to or in which he is a party, or personally interested, and no Judge or Magistrate shall hear an appeal from any judgment or order passed or make himself.
 
 
 
 
Explanation–A Judge or Magistrate shall not be deemed a party, or personally interested, within the meaning of this section, to or in any case by reason only that he is a Municipal Commissioner or otherwise concerned therein in a public capacity, or by reason only that he has viewed the place in which an offence is alleged to have been committed, or any other place in which any other transaction material to the case is alleged to have occurred, and made an inquiry in connection with the case.
 
 
 
 
Illustration
 
 
 
 
A, as Collector, upon consideration of information furnished to him, directs the prosecution of B or a breach of the excise Laws. A is disqualified from trying this case as a Magistrate.
Practicing pleader not to sit as Magistrate in certain Courts
557. No pleader who practices in the Court of any Magistrate in a district, shall sit as a Magistrate in such Court or in any Court within the jurisdiction of such Court.
Power to decide language of Courts
558. The Government may determine what, for the purposes of this Code, shall be deemed to be the language of each Court within the territories administered by 68[it].
Provision for powers of Judges and Magistrates being exercised by their successors in office
559.(1) Subject to the other provisions of this Code, the powers and duties of a Judge or Magistrate may be exercised or performed by his successor in office.
 
 
(2) When there is any doubt as to who is the successor in office of any Magistrate, 69[the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or, 70[the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the District Magistrate], the District Magistrate] shall determine by order in writing the Magistrate who shall, for the purposes of this Code or of any proceedings or order thereunder, be deemed to be the successor in office of such Magistrate.
 
 
(3) When there is any doubt as to who is the successor in office of any Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge, the Sessions Judge shall determine by order in writing the Judge who shall, for the purposes of this Code or of any proceedings or order thereunder, be deemed to be the successor in office of such Additional or Assistant Sessions Judge.
Officers concerned in sales not to purchase or bid for property
560. A public servant having any duty to perform in connection with the sale of any property under this Code shall not purchase or bid for the property.
Saving of inherent power of High Court Division
71[561A. Nothing in this Code shall be deemed to limit or affect the inherent power of the High Court Division to make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to any order under this Code, or to prevent abuse of the process of any Court or otherwise to secure the ends of justice.]
 
 
Special provisions with respect to offence of rape by a husband
561.(1) Notwithstanding anything in this Code, no Magistrate 72[except the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or a] 73[Chief Judicial Magistrate] shall–
 
 
(a) take cognizance of the offence of rape where the sexual intercourse was by a man with is wife, or
 
 
(b) 74[send] the man for trial for the offence.
 
 
(2) And, notwithstanding anything in this Code, 75[if the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or a] 76[Chief Judicial Magistrate] deems it necessary to direct an investigation by a police-officer, with respect to such an offence as is referred to in sub-section (1), no police-officer of a rank below that of police-inspector shall be employed either to make, or to take part in, the investigation.

First Offenders

Repealed

562. [Repealed by section 16 of the Probation of Offenders Ordinance, 1960 (Ordinance No. XLV of 1960).]

Repealed

563. [Repealed by section 16 of the Probation of Offenders Ordinance, 1960 (Ordinance No. XLV of 1960).]

Repealed

564. [Repealed by section 16 of the Probation of Offenders Ordinance, 1960 (Ordinance No. XLV of 1960).]

Previously convicted offenders

Order for notifying address of previously convicted offender
565.(1) When any person having been convicted–
 
 
(a) by a Court in Bangladesh of an offence punishable under section 215, section 489A, section 489B, section 489C, or section 489D of the Penal Code, or of any offence punishable under Chapter XII or Chapter XVII of that Code, with imprisonment of either description for a term of three years or upwards, or
 
 
77[* * *],
 
 
is again convicted of any offence punishable under any of those sections or Chapters with imprisonment for a term of three years or upwards by the High Court Division, Court of Session, 78[Metropolitan Magistrate], 79[***] or Magistrate of the first class, such Court or Magistrate may, if it or he thinks fit, at the time of passing sentence of transportation or imprisonment on such person, also order that his residence and any change of or absence from such residence after release be notified as herein after provided for a term not exceeding five years from the date of the expiration of such sentence.
 
 
(2) If such conviction is set aside on appeal or otherwise, such order shall become void.
 
 
(3) The Government may make rules to carry out the provisions of this section relating to the notification of residence or change of or absence from residence by released convicts.
 
 
(4) An order under this section may also be made by an Appellate Court or by the High Court Division when exercising its powers of revision.
 
 
(5) Any person charged with a breach of any such rule may be tried by a Magistrate of competent jurisdiction in the district in which the place last notified by him as his place of residence is situated.

  • 1
    The words "The Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the" were substituted for the comma and word ", the" by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 2
    The words “District Magistrate” were substituted for the words and commas “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the District Magistrate, or subject to the control of the District Magistrate, the Sub-divisional Magistrate” by section 87 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 3
    The words and comma "in cases tried by jury before the return of the verdict, and in other cases" were omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 4
    The words "Attorney-General" were substituted, for the words and comma "Advocate-General, standing Counsel" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision and Declaration) Act 1973, (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 5
    The letter and words "a Metropolitan Magistrate" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 6
    The words “a Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “a District Magistrate” by section 88(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 7
    The words “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “or Magistrate of the first class” by section 88(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 8
    The words “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “District Magistrate” by section 88(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (wit h effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 9
    The words “any other Magistrate” were substituted for the words and comma “such Magistrate, of the first class” by section 88(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 10
    The letter "a" was substituted, for the word "Dacca" by section 2 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1980 (Act No IV of 1980)
  • 11
    Section 504 was inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 12
    The words "Metropolitan Magistrate or" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 13
    The words “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “Metropolitan Magistrate or District Magistrate” by section 89(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 14
    The words and comma “such Magistrate shall apply to the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, to whom he is subordinate” were substituted for the words “such Magistrate shall apply to the District Magistrate” by section 89(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 15
    The words “and the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate” were substituted for the words “and the District Magistrate” by section 89(c) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 16
    Section 508A was inserted by section 3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1940 (Act No. XXXV of 1940)
  • 17
    The word and figure "section 504" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 18
    Section 509A was inserted by section 31 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1982 (Ordinance No. XXIV of 1982)
  • 19
    Section 510 was substituted, for section 510 by section 32 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1982 (Ordinance No. XXIV of 1982)
  • 20
    Section 510A was inserted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 21
    The words "or commit for trial" were omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 22
    The commas and words ", on the arrest of such person," were omitted by section 33 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1982 (Ordinance No. XXIV of 1982)
  • 23
    Sections 514A and 514B were inserted by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1923 (Act No. XVIII of 1923)
  • 24
    The words "Metropolitan Magistrate or" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 25
    The words "Metropolitan Magistrate or" were inserted by Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 26
    The words “or Chief Metropolitan Magistrate” were omitted by section 90(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 27
    The words and figure “or section 562” were omitted by section 90(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 28
    Section 515 was substituted for section 515 by section 91 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 29
    Section 516A was inserted by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1923 (Act No. XVIII of 1923)
  • 30
    The words "Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 31
    The words “sub-divisional” were omitted by section 92(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 32
    The words “District Magistrate” were substituted for the words and comma “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, District Magistrate or to a Sub-divisional Magistrate” by section 92(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 33
    The words "one month" were substituted for the words "six months" by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Order, 1973 (President's Order No. I of 1973), Article 2
  • 34
    The words and comma “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate, Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words and commas “Metropolitan Magistrate, District Magistrate, or Sub-divisional Magistrate” by section 93 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 35
    Section 525A was inserted by section 7 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1983 (Ordinance No. XXXVII of 1983)
  • 36
    The figure "183" was substituted, for the figure "184" by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 37
    The word "sent" was substituted for the word "committed" by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 38
    The commas, words and figure ", except as provided in section 267," were omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 39
    The colon was substituted for the full stop at the end of sub-section (3) and thereafter the proviso was added by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 40
    The words "Attorney-General" were substituted, for the words "Advocate General" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 41
    The words "one thousand taka" were substituted, for the words "two hundred and fifty taka" by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 42
    The words and figure "or Chapter XVIII" were omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 43
    Section 526B was inserted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 44
    The word “Joint” was substituted for the word “Assistant” by section 94(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 45
    The words “Chief Judicial Magistrate or District Magistrate” were substituted for the words “any District Magistrate or Sub-divisional Magistrate” by section 94(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 46
    The words “with the approval of the High Court Division” were inserted after the words “The Government” by section 94(c) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 47
    The words “Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or the Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “District Magistrate” by section 94(c) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 48
    The word “sub-division” was omitted by section 95 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 49
    Clause (b) was repealed by section 148 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1923 (Act No. XVIII of 1923)
  • 50
    Clauses (c) and (d) were omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 51
    The commas and words ", or Any Commissioner to administer oaths in England or Ireland, or any Magistrate authorized to take affidavits or affirmations in Scotland" were omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 52
    Sections 539A and 539B were inserted by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1923 (Act No. XVIII of 1923)
  • 53
    Proviso was omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 54
    The words "an advocate" were substituted, for the letter and word "a pleader" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 55
    The words "an advocate" were substituted, for the letter and word "a pleader" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 56
    The word and figure "section 58" were substituted for the word and figure "section 342" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 57
    The words, comma and figure "Code of Criminal Procedure, 1908" were substituted, for the words "Code of Civil Procedure" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 58
    The word and figure "section 58" were substituted, for the word and figure "section 341" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 59
    The words, comma and figure "Code of Criminal Procedure, 1908" were substituted, for the words "Code of Civil Procedure" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 60
    Section 546A was inserted by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1923 (Act No. XVIII of 1923)
  • 61
    The words "the Judge's charge to the jury or of" were omitted by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance XLIX of 1978)
  • 62
    The words "Metropolitan Magistrate or" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 63
    The words “or a Magistrate of the first class” were inserted after the words “Metropolitan Magistrate” by section 96 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 64
    The words and comma "Government, the Supreme Court" were substituted, for the words and comma "Government, any High Court Division" by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 65
    The words "The Supreme Court" were substituted, for the words "Every High Court" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 66
    The words and figure "article 107 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh" were substituted, for the words and figures "Article 101 and 102 of the Constitution" by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 67
    The words "or commit for trial" were omitted by section 2 and Scheduleof the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 68
    The word "it" was substituted, for the words and comma "it, other than the Supreme Court" by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 69
    The words “the Chief Judicial Magistrate or the District Magistrate” were substituted for the words “as the case may be” by section 97 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 70
    The words and commas "the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or, as the case may be, the District Magistrate" were substituted, for the words "the District Magistrate" by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 71
    Section 561A was inserted by the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 1923 (Act No. XVIII of 1923)
  • 72
    The words and letter "except the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or a" were substituted, for the word and letter "except a" by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 73
    The words “Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “District Magistrate” by section 98(a) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 74
    The word "send" was substituted, for the word "commit" by section 2 and Schedule of the Law Reforms Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIX of 1978)
  • 75
    The words and letter "if the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate or a" were substituted, for the word "if a" by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 76
    The words “Chief Judicial Magistrate” were substituted for the words “District Magistrate” by section 98(b) of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
  • 77
    Clause (b) was omitted by section 3 and 2nd Schedule of the Bangladesh Laws (Revision And Declaration) Act, 1973 (Act No. VIII of 1973)
  • 78
    The words "Metropolitan Magistrate" were inserted by the Schedule of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Ordinance, 1976 (Ordinance No. LXXXVI of 1976)
  • 79
    The words and comma “District Magistrate, Sub-divisional Magistrate” were omitted by section 99 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. XXXII of 2009) (with effect from 1st November, 2007).
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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs