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18/04/2024
The Representation of the People Order, 1972 (President's Order)

The Representation of the People Order, 1972 (President's Order)

( PRESIDENT'S ORDER NO. 155 OF 1972 )

WHEREAS it is necessary to provide for the conduct of elections to Parliament and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto; 1*

 
 
 

NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance to the provisions of paragraph 3 of the Fourth Schedule to the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and in exercise of all powers enabling him in that behalf, the President is pleased to make and promulgate the following Order:

 
 
 

Chapter I

PRELIMINARY

1. (1) This Order may be called the Representation of the People Order, 1972.
 
 
 
 
(2) It extends to the whole of Bangladesh.
 
 
 
 
(3) It shall come into force at once.
 

2. In this Order, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-

 

(i) “ballot paper account” means a ballot paper account prepared under clause (10) of Article 36;

 

2[ (ia) “ballot paper book” means a book containing ballot papers from which ballot papers are issued to electors; ]

 

(ii) “candidate” means a person proposed as a candidate for election as a member;

 

3[ (iia) “Code of Conduct” means the Code of Conduct formulated under Article 91B;]

 

4[ (iii) “Commission” means the Election Commission within the meaning of the Constitution;]

 

(iv) “Constituency” means a constituency delimited for the purpose of election of a member;

 

(v) “Constitution” means the Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh;

 

5[ (vi) “contesting candidate" means a candidate who has been validly nominated for election as a member and whose candidature has not been either withdrawn under clause (1) or ceased under clause (2) of Article 16;]

 

(vii) “election” means election to a seat of a member held under this Order;

 

(viii) “election agent” means an election agent appointed by a candidate under Article 21 and, where no such appointment is made, the candidate acting as his own election agent;

 

6[ (viiia) “election expenses” means the election expenses as defined in Article 44A;

 

(viiib) “election observer” means a person permitted in writing by the Commission or by any person authorised by it in this behalf to observe any election under this Order, and includes a group of such observers;]

 

(ix) “election petition” means an election petition made under Article 49;

 

(x) “elector” in relation to a constituency, means a person who is enrolled on the electoral roll in that constituency;

 

7[ (xi) "electoral roll" means the final electoral roll prepared under 8[ ভোটার তালিকা আইন, ২০০৯ (২০০৯ সনের ৬নং আইন)];]

 

9[ ***]

 

10[ (xia1) “Electronic Voting Machine” or “EVM” means an electronic voting machine approved by the Commission under Article 26B;]

 

11[ (xiaa) "law enforcing agency" means any Police Force, Armed Police Battalion, Rapid Action Battalion, Ansar Force, Battalion Ansar, 12[ Border Guard Bangladesh] and Coast Guard Force ;]

 

(xii) “member” means a member of Parliament;

 

(xiii) “nomination day” means the day appointed under Article 11 for the nomination of candidates;

 

(xiv) “Parliament” means Parliament for Bangladesh as defined in Article 152 of the Constitution;

 

13[ (xiva) “political party” means a political party as defined in article 152(1) of the Constitution; ]

 

(xv) “polling agent” means a polling agent appointed under Article 22;

 

(xvi) “polling day” means the day on which poll is taken for an election;

 

(xvii) “polling officer” means a polling officer appointed under Article 9 for a polling station;

 

(xviii) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Order;

 

(xix) “Presiding Officer” means a Presiding Officer appointed under Article 9 for a polling station and includes an Assistant Presiding Officer exercising the powers and performing the functions of Presiding Officer;

 

14[ (xixa) “registered political party” means a political party registered under Article 90A;]

 

(xx) “returned candidate” means a candidate who has been declared elected as a member under this Order;

 

(xxi) “Returning Officer” means a Returning Officer appointed under Article 7 and includes an Assistant Returning Officer exercising the powers and performing the functions of Returning Officer;

 

15[ (xxia) “rule” means any rule made under this Order;]

 

(xxii) “scrutiny day” means the day appointed under Article 11 for the scrutiny of nomination papers;

 

(xxiii) “spoilt ballot paper” means a ballot paper which has been spoiled and is returned to the Presiding Officer under Article 34;

 

16[ (xxiiia) “statutory public authority” means a statutory public authority as defined in article 152 (1) of the Constitution;]

 

17[ (xxiv) "ward" means a ward of a Union, Paurashava or City Corporation;]

 

(xxv) “withdrawal day” means the day appointed under Article 11 on or before which candidature may be withdrawn.

Chapter II

ELECTION COMMISSION

18[19[3. The Election Commission shall be constituted in accordance with Article 118 of the Constitution.]
3A. Subject to the provisions of this Order, the Commission shall regulate its own procedure.]
4. The Commission may authorise 20[the Chief Election Commissioner or any of the Election Commissioners] or any of its officers to exercise and perform all or any of its powers and functions under this Order.
5. (1) The Commission may require any person or authority to perform such function or render such assistance for the purposes of this Order as it may direct.
 
 
(2) All executive authorities of the Government shall assist the Commission in the performance of its functions, and for this purpose the President may, after consultation with the Commission, issue such directions as he may consider necessary.

6. (1) The Government or an Officer authorised by it in this behalf, may upon a request made in this behalf by the Commission, by an order in writing, requisition any such vehicle or vessel as is needed or is likely to be needed for the purpose of transporting to and from any polling station ballot boxes or other election materials or any Officer or other person engaged for the performance of any duties in connection with the election:

 
 

 

 

Provided that no vehicle or vessel which is being used by a candidate or his election agent for any purpose connected with the election of such candidate shall be so requisitioned.

 
 

(2) Any person authorised in this behalf by the Government may take possession of any vehicle or vessel requisitioned under clause (1) and may for that purpose use such force including police force, as may be reasonably necessary.

 
 

(3) Where any vehicle or vessel is requisitioned under clause (1), there shall be paid to the owner thereof compensation the amount of which shall be determined by the Government or the officer requisitioning the vehicle or vessel on the basis of the fares and rates prevailing in the locality for its hire:

 
 

Provided that where the owner of the vehicle or vessel being aggrieved by the amount of compensation so determined, makes an application to the Government within period of thirty days from the date the amount has been determined for the matter being referred to an arbitrator the amount of compensation to be paid shall be such as the arbitrator appointed in this behalf by the Government may determine.

Chapter III

ELECTION

21[7. 22[* * *] (1) The Commission shall appoint a Returning Officer for each constituency for the purpose of election of a member for that constituency; and a person may be appointed as Returning Officer for two or more constituencies.

 
 
 
 

(2) The Commission may appoint as many Assistant Returning Officers as may be necessary:

 
 
 
 

Provided that no Assistant Returning Officer shall be appointed for more than one constituency.

 
 
 
 

(3) An Assistant Returning Officer shall assist the Returning Officer in the performance of his functions under this Order and may, subject to any condition imposed by the Commission, exercise and perform, under the control of the Returning Officer, the power and functions of the Returning Officer.

 
 
 
 

(4) It shall be the duty of a Returning Officer to do all such acts and things as may be necessary for effectively conducting an election in accordance with the provisions of this Order and the rules.

 
 

(5) Subject to the superintendance, direction, and control of the Commission, the Returning Officer shall supervise all work in the district 23[or constituency] in connection with the conduct of elections and shall also perform such other duties and functions as may be entrusted to him by the Commission.

 
 
 
 

(6) The Commission may, at any time, for reasons to be recorded in writing, withdraw any officer performing any duty in connection with an election, or any other public functionary, or any other law enforcing personnel who obstructs or prevents or attempts to obstruct or prevent the conduct of fair and impartial poll or interferes or attempts to interfere with an elector when he records his vote, or influences in any manner the polling staff or an elector or does any other act calculated to influence the result of election, and make such arrangements as it may consider necessary for the performance of the functions of the officer or person so withdrawn.

 
 
 
 

24[(7) Where the Commission withdraws any officer or person under clause (6), it-

 
 
 
 

(a) may, if such officer or person is working in any polling station or constituency, direct him to leave the polling station or the constituency at once;

 
 
 
 

(b) shall, in case of a direction under sub-clause (a), direct such officer or person to remain out of the constituency for the period specified in the direction, and accordingly he shall comply with the direction, and if he is required to perform any official duty only in that constituency, his appointing authority shall make arrangement for his leave or otherwise;

 
 
 
 

(c) shall refer the matter to the appropriate authority for taking disciplinary and other actions in relation to such officer or person.]

8. 25[(1) The Commission shall maintain a list of polling stations for the purpose of election of a member for every constituency.]
 
 
(2) 26[The Commission may make such alterations in the list of polling stations as it may consider necessary and shall, at least twenty five days] before the polling day, publish in the official Gazette, the final list of polling stations specifying the area the electors whereof will be entitled to vote at each polling station.
 
 
(3) The Returning Officer shall provide each constituency with polling stations according to the final list published under clause (2).
 
 
(4) No polling station shall be located in any such premises as belong to, or are under the control of, any candidate.
 
 
27[(5) At any time after the finalization of candidature, if it is found that any polling station published in the Official Gazette under clause (2), belongs to, or is under the control of any candidate, the Commission may alter such polling station.]
9. 28[(1) The returning Officer shall, by a notice in writing, require all heads of offices, institutions and establishments, whether Government or non-Government, in the district to provide him with a list of their officers and employees of such grades as he may specify for preparation of a panel of Presiding Officers, Assistant Presiding Officers and Polling Officers from among them.
 
 
 
 
(1A) After the preparation of the panel, the Returning Officer shall send a copy thereof to the heads of all the offices, institutions and establishments whose officers and employees have been included in the panel with a request to place the service of these officers and employees at the disposal of the Commission for use for election purpose and also forward a copy of the panel to the Commission.
 
 
 
 
(1B) The Returning Officer shall appoint from the panel for each polling station a Presiding Officer and such number of Assistant Presiding Officers and Polling Officers to assist the Presiding Officers as the Returning Officer may consider necessary:
 
 
 
 
Provided that a person who is, or has at any time been, in the employment of any candidate shall not be appointed as a Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer or Polling Officer.]
 
 
(2) A Presiding Officer shall conduct the poll in accordance with the provisions of this Order, and the rules, shall be responsible for maintaining order at the polling station and shall report to the Returning Officer any fact or incident which may, in his opinion, affect the fairness of the poll:
 
 
 
 
Provided that during the course of the poll the Presiding Officer may entrust such of his functions as may be specified by him to any Assistant Presiding Officer and it shall be the duty of the Assistant Presiding Officer to perform the functions so entrusted.
 
 
 
 
(3) The Returning Officer shall authorise one of the Assistant Presiding Officers to act in place of the Presiding Officer if the Presiding Officer is, at any time during the poll, by reason of illness or other cause, not present at the polling station, or is unable to perform his functions; and any absence of the Presiding Officer, and the reasons therefor, shall, as soon as possible after the close of the poll, be reported to the Returning Officer.
 
 
 
 
(4) The Returning Officer may, at any time during the poll for reasons to be recorded in writing, suspend any Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer, Polling Officer and make such arrangements as he may consider necessary for the performance of the functions of the officer so suspended.
10. (1) The Commission shall provide the Returning Officer for each constituency with copies of electoral rolls for that constituency 29[immediately after the publication of notification under clause (1) of Article 11].
 
 
(2) The Returning Officer shall provide the Presiding Officer of each polling station with copies of electoral rolls containing the names of the electors entitled to vote at that polling station.
11. (1) For the purpose of holding elections for constituting Parliament, the Commission shall, by notification in the official Gazette, call upon the electors to elect a member from each constituency and shall, in relation to each constituency, specify in the notification-
 
 
30[(a) a day on or before which the nomination of candidates may be filed;]
 
 
(b) a day 31[or days] for the scrutiny of nomination papers;
 
 
(c) a day on or before which candidature may be withdrawn; and
 
 
(d) a day 32[or days], at least fifteen days after the withdrawal day, for the taking of the poll.
 
 
(2) A Returning Officer shall, as soon as may be after the publication of a notification under clause (1), give public notice of the dates specified by the Commission in respect of the constituency or constituencies of which he is the Returning Officer; and the public notice shall be published at some prominent place or places within the constituency to which it relates.
 
 
(3) A public notice issued under clause (2) shall also invite nominations and specify the time before which and the place at which nomination papers shall be received by the Returning Officer 33[or the Assistant Returning Officer].

12. 34[(1) Any elector of a constituency may propose or second for election to that constituency, the name of any person qualified to be a member under clause (1) of Article 66 of the Constitution:

 
 

Provided that a person shall be disqualified for election as or for being, a member, if he-

 
 

(a) is not listed in the electoral roll of any constituency;

 
 

(b) is not nominated by any registered political party or is not an independent candidate;

 
 

(c) is a person holding any office of profit in the service of the Republic or of a statutory public authority;

 
 

(d) is a person who is convicted of an offence punishable under Article 73, 74, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84 and 86 and sentenced to imprisonment for a term of not less than two years, unless a period of five years has elapsed since the date of his release;

 
 

(e) is a person whose election to a seat is declared void on any of the grounds mentioned in sub-clauses (c), (d) and (e) of clause (1) of Article 63, unless a period of five years has elapsed since the date of such declaration;

 
 

(f) has resigned or retired from the service of the Republic or of any statutory public authority or of the defence service, unless a period of three years has elapsed since the date of his resignation or retirement;

 
 

(g) has been dismissed or removed or compulsorily retired from the service of the Republic or of any statutory public authority on the ground of corruption, unless a period of five years has elapsed since the date of such dismissal, removal or compulsory retirement;

 
 

(h) has been appointed on contract to the service of the Republic or of any statutory public authority or of the defence service immediately after his retirement from such service, unless a period of three years has elapsed since the expiry or termination of such contract;

 
 

(i) is holding or has resigned or retired or has been discharged from an executive post of any non-government organization, which receives grant or fund from any foreign state or organization, unless a period of three years has elapsed since such resignation retirement, or discharge;

 
 

35[***]

 
 

(k) whether by himself or by any person or body of persons in trust for him or for his benefit or on his account or as a member of a Hindu undivided family, has any share or interest in a contract, not been a contract between a co-operative society and Government, for the supply of goods to, or for the execution of any contract or the performance of any services undertaken by Government;

 
 

(l) being a loanee, other than a loanee who has taken small loan for agricultural purposes, has defaulted in repaying before 36[***] the day of submission of nomination paper any loan or instalment thereof taken by him from a bank;

 
 

(m) is a director of a company or a partner of a firm 37[which] has defaulted in repaying before 38[***] the day of submission of nomination paper any loan or any instalment thereof taken by 39[the concerned company or firm] from a bank;

 
 

(n) personally has failed to pay the telephone, gas, electricity, water or any other bill of any service providing organization of the Government before 40[***] the day of submission of nomination paper;

 
 

41[(o) has been convicted of any crime under the International Crimes (Tribunals) Act, 1973 ( Act No. XIX of 1973).]

 

Explanation I.- “office of profit” means holding any office, post or position in the full-time service of the Republic or any statutory public authority or company in which government has more than 50% (fifty percent) share.

 
 

Explanation II.- The disqualification under sub-clause (k) shall not apply to a person

 
 

(i) where the share or interest in the contract devolves on him by inheritance or succession or as a legatee, executor or administrator, until the expiration of six months after it has so devolved on him or such longer period as the president may, in any particular case allow; or

 
 

(ii) where the contract has been entered into by or on behalf of a public company as defined in the Companies Act, 1994 (Act No.XVIII of 1994), of which he is a share-holder but is neither a director holding an office of profit under the company nor a managing agent; or

 
 

(iii) where he is a member of Hindu undivided family and the contract has been entered into by any other member of that family in the course of carrying on a separate business in which he has no share or interest.

 
 

Explanation III.- “bank” means-

 
 

(a) any “bank company” as defined in Bank Company Act, 1991 (Act No.XIV of 1991);

 
 

42[(b) Bangladesh Development Bank Limited incorporated under the Companies Act, 1994 (Act No. 18 of 1994);]

 
 

43[***]

 
 

(d) “Bangladesh House Building Finance Corporation” established under Bangladesh House Building Finance Corporation Order, 1973 (P.O.No.17 of 1973);

 
 

(e) “Bangladesh Krishi Bank” established under Bangladesh Krishi Bank Order, 1973 (P.O.No. 27 of 1973);

 
 

(f) “Investment Corporation of Bangladesh” established under Investment Corporation of Bangladesh Ordinance, 1976 (Ord. No.XI of 1976);

 
 

(g) “Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank” established under Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank Ordinance, 1986 (Ord. No.LVIII of 1986);

 
 

(h) “Basic Bank Limited” (Bangladesh Small Industries and Commerce Bank Limited) established under Companies Act, 1994 (Act No.XVIII of 1994).

 
 

Explanation IV.- “small loan for agricultural purposes” means all crops loan excepting tea and tobacco and includes short-term loan for development of fishery and marketing of agricultural produce and long-term loan for irrigation equipment, animal husbandry, development of fishery, agricultural equipment, nursery and horticulture, betel-leaf plantation, management of Jalmahal and for the purpose of producing silk worm, tuth tree, lakhkha tree, catechu tree, etc. the amount of which shall not exceed taka one lakh aggregating with interest and capital against every loan.

 
 

Explanation V.- A person or a company or a firm shall be deemed to have defaulted in repaying a loan or an instalment thereof referred to in sub-clauses (l) and (m) of Article 12(1) if he or it is a defaulter within the meaning of the expression 'defaulter loanee' as defined in Bank-Company Act, 1991(Act 14 of 1991) and for financial institution, as defined by Bangladesh Bank under Financial Institution Act, 1993 (Act No. 27 of 1993). The list of defaulter may be obtained from CIB of Bangladesh Bank or from the concerned bank or financial institution.

 
 

Explanation VI.- "financial institution" means a non-banking financial institution as defined in Financial Institution Act, 1993 (Act No. 27 of 1993).

 
 
 
 

Explanation VII.- 'chief executive' referred to in sub-clause (i) of Article 12(1) means a person holding full time post of a chief executive of any non-government organisation who receives monthly salary and other emoluments in that capacity.]

 
 

44[(1A) For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that, for the purposes of this Article, a person shall not be deemed to hold an office of profit in the service of the Republic or of a statutory public authority by reason only that he is an Administrator or a Deputy Administrator of a 45[city] Corporation or a 46[Ward Commissioner].]

 
 
 

(2) Every proposal shall be made by a separate nomination paper in the prescribed form which shall be signed by the proposer and the seconder and shall contain-

 
 

(a) a declaration signed by the candidate that he has consented to the nomination and that he is not subject to any disqualification for being, or being elected as, a member; 47[***]

 
 

(b) a declaration signed by the proposer and the neither of them has subscribed to any other nomination paper either as proposer or seconder 48[; and]

 
 

49[(c) a declaration signed by the candidtate that he is not a candidate for more than three constituencies.]

 
 

50[(3) Every nomination paper shall either be-

 

(a) delivered by the candidate, or his proposer or seconder, to the Returning Officer or the Assistant Returning Officer who shall acknowledge the receipt of the nomination paper specifying the date and time of receipt;

 

or

 

(b) submitted through online by the candidate and receipt of such submission shall be acknowledged in such a manner as may be prescribed.”]

 
 
 

51[(3a) Every nomination paper under clause (2) shall be delivered along with the following documents, namely-

 
 

(a) in the case of an independent candidate, a list of signatures of one percent electors of the concerned constituency:

 
 

Provided that such list need not to be delivered if the independent candidate has previously been elected in any parliamentary election;

 
 

(b) a certificate signed by the chairman or secretary or a person holding the same rank on behalf of the registered political party stating that the candidate has been nominated by that party:

 
 

52[Provided that any registered political party may primarily nominate more than one candidate and if more than one candidate are nominated, their candidature are subject to the provision of clause (2) of Article 16.]

 
 

(3b) Every nomination paper under sub-clause (2) shall be delivered along with an affidavit signed by the candidate which shall include the following information and particulars, namely-

 
 

(a) an attested copy of the certificate of his highest educational qualification;

 
 

(b) whether at present he is accused of any criminal offence or not;

 
 

(c) whether he has any past criminal record, and, if any, the judgement of the case;

 
 

(d) description of his profession or business;

 
 

(e) probable sources of his income;

 
 

(f) a statement of property or debt of his own or his dependents;

 
 

(g) what promises he made before an election in which he was elected as a member in the past, and how many of those promises were fulfilled; 53[***]

 
 

(h) the amount of loan received by him alone, or jointly or by his dependents from any bank or financial institution, and the amount of loan received by him from any bank or financial institution as a Chairman, Managing Director or Director thereof 54[;]

 

55[(i) a certified copy of return submitted under section 166 of আয়কর আইন, ২০২৩ (২০১৩ সনের ১২ নং আইন) and a proof of submission of return as required by section 264 of the said Act.]

 
 

Explanation.- “dependent” means the wife or husband of a candidate and includes son, daughter, father, mother, brother or sister of the candidate who are fully dependent upon him.]

 
 

(4) A person may be nominated in the same constituency by more than one nomination paper 56[, and a nomination paper may be delivered to both the Returning Officer and the Assistant Returning Officer.]

 
 

(5) If any person subscribes to more than one nomination paper, all such nomination papers, 57[except the one found valid under clause (3a) of Article 14], shall be void.

 
 

(6) The Returning Officer shall give a serial number to every nomination paper and endorse thereon the name of the person presenting it, and the date and time of its receipt, and inform such person of the time and place at which he shall hold scrutiny.

 
 

58[(6a) The Assistant Returning Officer shall give a serial number to every nomination paper and endorse thereon the name of the person presenting it, and the date and time of its receipt, and inform such person of the time and place at which the Returning Officer shall hold scrutiny, and immediately after the time for receiving nomination paper is over, forward all the nomination papers received by him to the Returning Officer.]

 
 

(7) The Returning Officer shall cause to be affixed at some conspicuous place in his office a notice of every nomination paper received by him 59[or received by the Assistant Returning Officer and forwarded to him under clause (6a)] containing particulars of the candidate and the names of the proposer and seconder as shown in the nomination paper.  

13. (1) Subject to the provisions of clause (2), no nomination paper delivered under Article 12 shall be accepted unless-
 
 
 
 
(a) 60[a sum of Taka twenty thousand is deposited in cash or by bank draft or pay order or treasury challan in favour of the Election Commission] by the candidate or by any person on his behalf at the time of its delivery; or
 
 
 
 
61[(b) it is accompanied by a receipt or a true copy thereof duly attested by a gazetted government servant showing that a sum as aforesaid has been deposited by the candidate or by any person on his behalf with the Returning Officer or the Assistant Returning Officer or at any Bank or at a Government Treasury or Sub-Treasury.]
 
 
(2) Not more than one deposit under clause (1) shall be required in the case of a person who has been nominated as a candidate by more than one nomination paper.

62[13A. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Order, no person may at the same time be a candidate for more than 63[three] constituencies.

 
 

64[***]

 
 

(3) If a person is at the same time a candidate for more than 65[three] constituencies, all his nomination papers in respect of all the constituencies shall be void].

14. (1) The candidates, their election agents, proposers and seconders, and one other person authorised in this behalf by each candidate may attend the scrutiny of nomination paper and the Returning Officer shall give them reasonable opportunity for examining all nomination papers 66[delivered or forwarded to him under Article 12].

 
 

(2) The Returning Officer shall, in the presence of the persons attending the scrutiny under clause (1), examine the nomination papers and decide any objection raised by any such person to any nomination.

 
 

(3) The Returning Officer may, either of his own motion or upon any objection, conduct such summary enquiry as he may think fit and reject a nomination paper if he is satisfied that-

 
 

(a) the candidate is not qualified to be elected as a member;

 
 

(b) the proposer or the seconder is not qualified to subscribe to the nomination paper;

 
 

(c) any provision of Article 12 or Article 13 has not been complied with; or

 
 

(d) the signature of the proposer or the seconder is not genuine:

 

Provided that-

 
 

(i) the rejection of a nomination paper shall not invalidate the nomination of a candidate by any other valid nomination paper;

 
 

(ii) the Returning Officer shall not reject a nomination paper on the ground of any defect which is not of a substantial nature and may allow any such defect to be remedied forthwith; and

 
 

(iii) the Returning Officer shall not enquire into the correctness or validity of any entry in the electoral roll.

 
 

67[(3a) If any person subscribes to more than one nomination papers, all such nomination papers, except the one found valid, shall not be required to be scrutinized.]

 

(4) The Returning Officer shall endorse on each nomination paper his decision accepting or rejecting it 68[***] and shall 69[***] record a brief statement of the reason therefor.

 
 

70[(5) If a candidate or any bank is aggrieved by the decision of the Returning Officer, he may prefer an appeal to the Commission within the prescribed period and any order passed on such appeal shall be final.]

15. (1) The Returning Officer shall, after the scrutiny of nomination papers, prepare and publish in the prescribed manner a list of candidates who have been validly nominated.

 
 

(2) In case an appeal against 71[the decision of the Returning Officer on] a nomination paper has been accepted by the Commission, the list of validly nominated candidates shall be revised accordingly.

72[16. (1) Any validly nominated candidate may, by notice in writing signed by him and delivered, on or before the withdrawal day, to the Returning Officer, either by such candidate in person or by an agent authorised in this behalf in writing by such candidate, withdraw his candidature.
 
(2) Where more than one candidate are nominated in the same constituency by a registered political party, the chairman or secretary or a person holding the same rank of the party shall inform, by notice in writing signed by him and delivered, either by himself or by any other person authorized by him in this behalf on or before the withdrawal day, to the Returning Officer, about the final nomination of a candidate and the other candidate of that party shall be ceased to be a candidate.
 
(3) A notice of withdrawal under clause (1) or final nomination under clause (2), as the case may be, shall, in no circumstances, be open to recall or cancellation.
 
(4) Upon receipt of a notice of withdrawal under clause (1) and final nomination under clause (2), the Returning Officer shall, if he is satisfied that the signature on the notice is that of the candidate or of the chairman or secretary or person holding the same rank of the party, as the case may be, cause a photocopy of the notice to be affixed at some conspicuous place in his office.
 
(5) The Returning Officer shall, on the day next following the withdrawal day prepare and publish, in the prescribed manner, a list of contesting candidates.]
17. (1) If a validly nominated candidate who has not withdrawn his candidature dies, 73[or if his candidature is cancelled under clause (2) of Article 91E,] the Returning Officer shall, by public notice, terminate the proceedings relating to that election.
 
 
(2) Where proceedings relating to an election have been terminated under clause (1), fresh proceedings shall be commenced in accordance with the provisions of this Order as if for a new election 74[:
 
 
Provided that it shall not be necessary for the other contesting candidates to file fresh nomination papers or make a further deposit under Article 13.]
18. Where the proceedings relating to nomination, scrutiny or withdrawal cannot, for reasons beyond the control of the Returning Officer, take place on the day appointed therefor, he may postpone or adjourn such proceedings and shall, with the approval of the Commission, by public notice fix another day for the proceedings so postponed or adjourned and, if necessary, also the day or days subsequent proceedings.
19. (1) Where, after scrutiny under Article 14, only one person remains as a validly nominated candidate for election as a member from a constituency or where after withdrawal under Article 16 only one person is left as a contesting candidate, the Returning Officer shall, by public notice, declare such candidate to be elected to the seat:
 
 
Provided that if after scrutiny any candidate indicates that he intends to make an appeal under clause (5) of Article 14 against the rejection of his nomination paper, no person shall be declared elected uncontested until the period prescribed for filling such appeal has expired and no such appeal has been filed or, where an appeal is filed, until the disposal of such appeal.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Returning Officer shall submit to the Commission a return of the election in respect of which he has made a declaration under clause (1).
 
 
 
 
(3) The Commission shall publish in the official Gazette the name of the returned candidate.

20. (1) If there are more contesting candidates than one in respect of any constituency, the Returning Officer shall-

 
 

75[(a) allocate, in the case of a contesting candidate set up by a registered political party, the symbol reserved for that party by the Commission under this Order or the rules 76[:

 
 

Provided that the Commission may, on an application made to it in this behalf within three days after the publication of the notification under clause (1) of Article 11, allot one of the prescribed symbols to the candidate of a combination of two or more registered political parties who have agreed to set up joint candidates for election;]

 
 

(aa) allocate, 77[in the case of independent] contesting candidates, subject to any direction of the Commission, one of the prescribed symbols to each such contesting candidate; and in so doing shall, so far as possible, have regard for any preference indicated by the candidate;] 78[and]

 
 

(b) publish in such manner as the Commission may direct the names of contesting candidates arranged in the alphabetical order specifying against each the symbol allocated to him 79[***]

 
 

80[***]

 
 

(2) The Returning Officer shall arrange to exhibit prominently at each polling station the name and symbol of each contesting candidate.

21. (1) A candidate may appoint a person qualified to be elected as a member to be his election agent.
 
 
 
 
(2) The appointment of an election agent may, at any time, be revoked in writing by the candidate and, when it is so revoked or the election agent dies, another person may be appointed by the candidate to be his election agent.
 
 
 
 
(3) When an election agent is appointed, the candidate shall send to the Returning Officer a notice in writing of the appointment containing the name, father's name and address of the election agent.
 
 
 
 
(4) Where no appointment of an election agent is made under this section, a candidate shall be deemed to be his own election agent and shall so far as the circumstances permit, be subject to the provisions of this Order both as a candidate and as an election agent.
22. 81[(1) The contesting candidate or his election agent, may, before the commencement of the poll, appoint for each polling booth of a polling station not more than one polling agent and shall give notice thereof in writing to the Presiding Officer.]
 
 
(2) The appointment of a polling agent under clause (1) may at any time be revoked by the candidate or his election agent and, when it is so revoked or the polling agent dies, another person may be appointed by the candidate or the election agent to be a polling agent; and a notice of such appointment shall be given to the Presiding Officer.
 
 
82[(3) The Presiding Officer shall not accept a polling agent unless he wears an identity card granted by the person appointing him containing his name and the name of the candidate for whom he is appointed as a polling agent.]
23. Where any act or thing is authorised by this Order to be done in the presence of the candidate, an election agent or a polling agent, the failure of such person to attend at the time and place appointed for the purpose shall not invalidate any act or thing otherwise validly done 83[:
 
 
 
 
Provided that the Returning Officer or the Presiding Officer, as the case may be, shall, as far as practicable, endeavour to ensure the attendance of the said person at the time of doing the said act or thing:
 
 
 
 
Provided further that, if a candidate or his election agent or polling agent is found absent at the time of doing the said act or thing, the Returning Officer or the Presiding Officer, as the case may be, shall immediately try to find out the reason of such absence and record the fact and communicate it to the Commission together with his comments thereon, and shall endeavour to ensure such attendance.]
24. The Returning Officer shall, subject to any direction of the Commission, fix the hours during which the poll shall be taken and give public notice or the hours so fixed.

84[25. (1) If the Presiding Officer finds at any stage of polling that—

(a) the poll is so interrupted or obstructed for reason beyond the control of the Presiding Officer that it cannot be resumed during the polling hours fixed under Article 24; or

(b) any ballot box used at the polling station is unlawfully and forcibly taken out of the custody of the Presiding Officer, or is accidentally or intentionally destroyed or lost, or is damaged or tampered to such extent that the result of the poll at the polling station cannot be ascertained; or

(c) a person or persons legally or illegally entering into the polling station, prevent the Presiding Officer or other polling officers from performing their usual electoral duties by showing arms or applying physical force,

he shall then forthwith stop polling, and inform the nearest members of law enforcing agencies about the incidents and shall ask for assistance to remove and arrest the said person or persons.

(2) The members of law enforcing agencies shall at once remove and arrest the said person or persons and restore law and order inside the polling station.

(3) If the members of law enforcing agencies fail to remove and arrest the said person or persons and restore law and order inside the polling station, the Presiding Officer shall stop the poll and leave the polling station with all his officers and report to the Returning Officer of the matter.

(4) Where a poll has been stopped under clause (3), the Returning Officer shall immediately report the circumstances to the Commission and the Commission shall direct a fresh poll at that polling station, unless it is satisfied that the result of the election has been determined by the polling station, taken with the results of the polling at other polling stations in the same constituency.

(5) Where the Commission orders a fresh poll under clause (4), the Returning Officer shall, with the approval of the Commission, fix a date and place for such fresh poll and shall give public notice thereof.

(6) When a fresh poll to be taken under clause (5) at a polling station, all electors entitled to vote of that polling station shall be allowed to vote and no vote cast at the poll stopped under clause (3) shall be counted; and the provisions of this Order and the rules and orders made thereunder shall apply to such fresh poll.]

26. An election under this Order shall be decided by secret ballot 85[or by using EVM or by both] and, subject to the provisions of Article 27, every elector shall cast his vote by inserting, in accordance with the provisions of this Order, in the ballot box, a ballot paper in the prescribed form.
86[26A. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other provision of this Order or rules made thereunder, to verify the identity of elector with reference to the electoral roll and to cast, record and count vote, EVM may be adopted in one or more or all polling stations of such constituency or constituencies as the Commission may, having regard to circumstances of each case, specify.
 
(2) Where EVM is adopted under clause (1), the verification of identity of elector with reference to the electoral roll and the casting, recording and counting of votes by EVM shall be in such a manner as may be prescribed.
 
(3) Any reference to the expression “ballot box” or “ballot paper” in this Order or any rules made thereunder shall, save as otherwise provided, be construed as including a reference to such EVM wherever such EVM is used.
 
26B. (1) The Commission may approve an EVM which-
 
(a) is stand-alone non-networked;
 
(b) is neither computer controlled nor connected to the internet or any network and cannot be hacked;
 
(c) is electronically protected to prevent any tampering or manipulation;
 
(d) cannot be altered or tampered when approved programme (software) is used;
 
(e) does not have any radio frequency (RF) receiver and data decoder;
 
(f) accepts only specially encrypted and dynamically coded data;
 
(g) is developed by a selected group of Engineers appointed by the Commission;
 
(h) ensures the secrecy and security of the source code of programme (software);
 
(i) adopts the device or devices specified by the Commission; and
 
(j) fulfils any other criteria specified by the Commission.
 
(2) The Commission may approve a programme (software) which is so designed that-
 
(a) it allows a voter to cast the vote only once;
 
(b) the vote can be recorded by a voter only after the Assistant Presiding Officer enables the ballot on the Control Unit;
 
(c) the next vote can be recorded only after the Assistant Presiding Officer enables the ballot;
 
(d) the machine does not receive any signal from outside at any time;
 
(e) the proper use of the programme would give the same result in the counting of votes in an election as would be obtained if the counting were conducted without EVM assistance;
 
(f) the programme gives an elector an opportunity to correct any mistakes before processing the elector’s vote;
 
(g) the programme will not allow a person to find out how a particular elector cast his or her vote;
 
(h) the programme is designed to pause while the Presiding Officer makes a determination when it is required;
 
(i) the programme can produce indicative distributions of candidate wise votes at any time after the close of the poll and before the declaration of the poll;
 
and
 
(j) any other criteria specified by the Commission is fulfiled.
 
(3) The Commission shall determine processes which shall be followed in relation to the use of an approved programme in the casting and counting of votes in an election.
 
(4) Subject to clause (3), the Commission may approve a process-
 
(a) for casting vote shown on ballot paper into the approved programme.
 
(b) for counting votes using the programme to work out the number of electronic ballot on which a vote is recorded for each candidate; and
 
(c) for verifying of identity of elector with reference to the electoral roll.
 
26C. (1) All electronic devices and programmes used or intended to be used for or in connection with EVM shall be kept secured from interference at all times in such a manner as may be prescribed.
 
(2) The Commission shall prescribe security measures, procedural checks-and-balances for the prevention of any possible misuse or procedural lapses.
 
(3) The safeguards prescribed under clause (1) shall be implemented by the Commission transparently with the active and documented involvement of candidates and their representatives at every stage, so as to build their confidence on efficacy and reliability of EVMs.
 
(4) The Commission shall retain the chip of EVM in which electronic data is produced at a polling station for one year, and thereafter the Commission shall, unless otherwise directed by the High Court Division, cause them to be deleted or destroyed.
 
26D. The Commission may, for ensuring the accuracy, security and transparency of EVM, conduct Random Testing and Verification of EVM at any stage.” ]

27. 87[ (1) The following person may cast their votes by postal ballot in such manner as may be prescribed, namely:¬-

 

(a) a person referred to in sub-sections (3) and (5) of section 8 of the Electoral Rolls Act, 2009 (২০০৯ সনের ৬ নং আইন);

 

(b) a person appointed for the performance of any duty in connection with an election at a polling station other than the one at which he is entitled to cast his vote; and

 

(c) a Bangladeshi voter living abroad.]

 

(2) An elector who, being entitled to do so, intends to cast his vote by postal ballot shall-

 

(a) in the case of a person referred to in sub clause (a) 88[ and (c)] of clause (1), within fifteen days from the date of the publication of the notification under Article 11, and

 

(b) in the case of a person referred to in sub clause (b) of that clause as soon as may be after his appointment,

 

apply to the Returning Officer of the constituency in which he is an elector for a ballot paper for voting by postal ballot; and every such application shall specify the name of the elector, his address and his serial number in the electoral roll.

 

(3) The Returning Officer shall immediately upon the receipt of an application by an elector under clause (2) sent by post to such elector a ballot paper and an envelope bearing on its face a form of certificate of posting, showing the date thereof, to be filled in by the proper official of the Post Office at the time of posting by the elector.

 

(4) An elector on receiving his ballot paper for voting by postal ballot shall in the prescribed manner record his vote and after so recording post the ballot paper to the Returning Officer in the envelope sent to him under clause (3) with minimum of delay.

 

28. (1) The Returning Officer shall provide each Presiding Officer with such number of ballot boxes as may be necessary.

 
 
 
 

(2) The ballot boxes shall be of such material and design as may be approved by the Commission.

 
 
 
 

(3) Not more than one ballot box shall be used at a time for the purpose of the poll at any polling station, or at any polling booth, where there are more than one polling booths at a polling station.

 
 
 
 

(4) At least half an hour before the time fixed for the commencement of the poll, the Presiding Officer shall-

 
 
 
 

(a) ensure that every ballot box to be used is empty;

 
 
 
 

89[(aa) deliver such empty ballot box to the Assistant Presiding Officer or Polling Officer recording the serial number of the concerne ballot box and the serial number of the seal thereon and obtaining signature of the receiver in the respective column of the prescribed form and endeavour to obtain signature of the agents of candidates who is willing to put signature on the said form;]

 
 
 
 

(b) show the empty ballot box to the contesting candidates and their election agents and polling agents whoever may be present;

 
 
 
 

(c) after the ballot box has been shown to be empty, close and seal it; and

 
 
 
 

(d) place the ballot box so as to be conveniently accessible to the elector, and at the same time within the sight of himself and of such candidates or their election or polling agents as may be present.

 
 

(5) If one ballot box is full or cannot further be used for receiving ballot papers, the Presiding Officer shall seal that ballot box 90[with his own seal and signature and with the seals or signatures of the contesting candidates or election agents or polling agents present who may wish to seal or sign it] and keep it in a secure place and use another ballot box in the manner laid down in clause (4).

 
 
 
 

(6) A Presiding Officer shall make such arrangements at the polling station that every elector may be able to mark his ballot paper in secret before the same is folded and inserted in the ballot box.

29. The Presiding Officer shall, subject to such instructions as the Commission may give in this behalf, regulate the number of electors to be admitted to the polling station at a time and exclude from the polling station all other persons except-
 
 
 
 
(a) any person on duty in connection with the election;
 
 
 
 
91[(b) the contesting candidates and their election agents and one polling agent of each contesting candidate for each booth;
 
 
 
 
(bb) election observers; and]
 
 
 
 
(c) such other persons as may be specifically permitted by the Returning Officer.
30. (1) The Presiding Officer shall keep order at the polling station and may remove or cause to be removed any person who misconducts himself at a polling station or fails to obey any lawful orders of the Presiding Officer.
 
 
 
 
(2) Any person removed under clause (1) from a polling station shall not, without the permission of' the Presiding Officer, again enter the polling station during the day and shall, if he is accused of an offence in a polling station, be liable to be arrested without warrant by a police officer.
 
 
(3) The powers under this Article shall not be so exercised as to deprive an elector of an opportunity to cast his vote at the polling station at which he is entitled to vote.
 
 
 
 

31. 92[(1) Where an elector presents himself at the polling station to vote, the Presiding Officer shall, after satisfying himself about the identity of the elector with reference to 93[the electoral roll], issue to him a ballot paper 94[or allow him to cast his vote by using EVM].

 
 

95[***]

 
 

(2) Before a ballot paper is issued to an elector-

 
 

(a) he shall be required to receive a personal mark made with indelible ink on the thumb or any other finger of either hand;

 
 

(b) the number and name of the elector as entered in the electoral roll shall be called out;

 
 

(c) a mark shall be placed on the electoral roll against the number and name of the elector to indicate that a ballot paper has been issued to him;

 
 

96[(d)  the ballot paper shall on its back be stamped with the official mark and signed by the Assistant Presiding Officer;]

 
 

(e) the number of the elector on the electoral roll shall be marked in writing on the counterfoil by the Presiding Officer who shall also stamp the counterfoil with the official mark 97[;

 
 

(f) the elector shall put his signature or thumb impression on the counterfoil of the ballot paper.]

 
 

(3) A ballot paper shall not be issued to a person who refuses to receive the personal mark with indelible ink or if he already bears such a mark or the remnants of such mark.

 
 

(4) If a contesting candidate or his election or polling agent alleges that an elector to whom a ballot paper is about to be issued already has one or more ballot papers in his possession, the Presiding Officer may require the elector to satisfy him that he does not have any other ballot paper in his possession and may also take such measures as he thinks fit to ensure that such elector does not insert more than one ballot paper in the ballot box.

 
 

(5) The elector, on receiving the ballot paper, shall-

 
 

98[(a) if so requested by any contesting candidate or an election agent 99[or polling agent], show the official mark on the back of the ballot paper to him;

 
 

(aa) forthwith proceed to the place reserved for marking the ballot paper;]

 
 

(b) put the prescribed mark on the ballot paper at any place within the space containing the name and symbol of the contesting candidate for whom he wishes to vote; and

 
 

(c) after he has so marked, fold the ballot paper and insert it in the ballot box.

 
 

(6) The elector shall vote without undue delay and shall leave the polling station immediately after he has inserted his ballot paper in the ballot box.

 
 

(7) Where an elector is blind or is otherwise so incapacitated that he cannot vote without the assistance of a companion, the Presiding Officer shall allow him such assistance and thereupon such elector may do with such assistance any thing which an elector is required or permitted to do under this Order.

 
 

100[***]

32. (1) If a person representing himself to be an elector applies for a ballot paper when another person has already represented himself to be that elector and has voted under the name of the persons so applying, he shall be entitled, subject to the provisions of this Article to receive a ballot paper (hereinafter referred to as “tendered ballot paper”) in the same manner as any other elector.
 
 
 
 
(2) A tendered ballot paper shall, instead of being put into the ballot box, be given to the Presiding Officer who shall endorse thereon the name and number in the electoral roll of the person applying for it and place it in a separate packet endorsed with the name of the candidate for whom such person wishes to vote.
 
 
 
 
(3) The name of the person applying for a ballot paper under clause (1) and his number on the electoral roll shall be entered in a list (hereinafter referred to as “the tendered votes list”) to be prepared by the Presiding Officer.
33. (1) If, at the time a person applies for a ballot paper for the purpose of voting, a candidate or his 101[election agent or] polling agent declares to the Presiding Officer that he has reasonable cause to believe that that person has already voted at the election, at the same or another polling station or is not the person against whose name entered in the electoral roll he is seeking to vote, and undertakes to prove the charge in a Court of law and deposits with the Presiding Officer in cash such sum as may be prescribed, the Presiding Officer may, after warning the person of the consequences and obtaining his thumb impression and, if he is literate, also his signature, on the counterfoil, issue a ballot paper (hereinafter referred to as “challenged ballot paper”) to that person.
 
 
(2) If the Presiding Officer issues a ballot paper under clause (1) to such person he shall enter the name and address of that person in a list to be prepared by him (hereinafter referred to as “the challenged votes list”) and obtain thereon the thumb impression and, if he is literate, also the signature, of that person.
 
 
(3) A ballot paper issued under clause (1) shall, after it has been marked and folded by the elector, be placed in the same condition in a separate packet bearing the label “challenged ballot papers” instead of being placed in the ballot box.
34. (1) An elector who has inadvertently so spoilt his ballot paper that it cannot be used as a valid ballot paper may, upon proving the fact of inadvertence to the satisfaction of the Presiding Officer and returning the ballot paper to him, obtain another ballot paper and cast his vote by such other ballot paper.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Presiding Officer shall forthwith cancel the ballot paper returned to him under clause (1), make a note to that effect on the counterfoil over his own signature and sign the cancelled ballot paper, and place it in a separate packet labelled “Spoilt Ballot Papers”.
35. No person shall be given any ballot paper or be permitted to vote after the hour fixed for the close of the poll except the persons who at that hour are present within the building room, tent or enclosure in which the polling station is situated and have not voted but are waiting to vote.

36. (1) Immediately after the close of the poll, that is, as soon as the last of such persons, if any, as are present and waiting to vote as mentioned in Article 35, has voted, the Presiding Officer shall, in the presence of such of the contesting candidates, election agents and polling agents as may be present, proceed with the count of votes.

 
 

(2) The Presiding Officer shall give such of the contesting candidates, election agents and polling agents as may be present, reasonable facility of observing the count and give them such information with respect thereto as can be given consistently with the orderly conduct of the count and the discharge of his duties in connection therewith.

 
 

(3) No person other than the Presiding Officer, the Polling Officer, any other person on duty in connection with the poll, the contesting candidates, 102[election agents, polling agents and election observers shall be allowed to remain] present at the count.

 
 

(4) The Presiding Officer shall-

 
 

(a) open the used ballot box or ballot boxes and count the entire lot of ballot papers taken out therefrom;

 
 

(b) open the packed labelled "challenged ballot papers" and include the ballot papers therein the count;

 
 

(c) count, in such manner as may be prescribed, the votes cast in favour of each contesting candidate excluding from the count the ballot papers which bear-

 
 

103[(i) no official mark and signature;]

 
 

(ii) any writing or any mark other than the official mark and the prescribed mark or to which a piece of paper or any other object of any kind has been attached;

 
 

(iii) no prescribed mark indicating the contesting candidate for whom the elector has voted; or

 
 

(iv) any mark from which it is not clear for whom the elector has voted, provided that a ballot paper shall be deemed to have been marked in favour of a candidate if the whole or more than half of the area of the prescribed mark appears clearly within the space containing the name and symbol of that candidate; and where the prescribed mark is divided equally between two such spaces, the ballot paper shall be deemed not to show clearly for whom the elector has voted.

 
 

(5) The Presiding Officer may recount the votes-

 
 

(a) of his own motion if he considers it necessary; or

 
 

(b) 104[upon the request in writing] of a contesting candidate or an election agent or polling agent present if, in his opinion, the request is not unreasonable.

 
 

(6) The valid ballot papers cast in favour of each contesting candidate shall be put in separate packets and each such packet shall be sealed and shall contain a certificate as to the number of ballot papers put in it and shall also indicate the nature of the contents thereof, specifying the name and symbol of the contesting candidate to whom the packet relates.

 
 

(7) The ballot papers excluded from the count shall be put in a separate packet indicating thereon the total number of ballot papers contained therein.

 
 

(8) The packets mentioned in clause (6) and (7) shall be put in a principal packet which shall be seated by the Presiding Officer.

 
 

(9) The Presiding Officer shall, immediately after the count, prepare a statement of the count in such form as may be prescribed showing therein 105[,in both words and figures,] the number of valid votes polled by each contesting candidate and the ballot paper excluded from the count.

 
 

(10) The Presiding Officer shall also prepare in the prescribed form a ballot paper account showing separately-

 
 

(a) the number of ballot papers entrusted to him;

 
 

(b) the number of ballot papers taken out of the ballot box or boxes and counted;

 
 

(c) the number of tendered ballot papers;

 
 

(d) the number of challenged ballot papers;

 
 

(e) the number of un issued ballot papers; and

 
 

(f) the number of spoilt ballot papers.

 
 

106[(11) The Presiding Officer shall 107[***] give a certified copy of the statement of the count and the ballot-paper account, showing the numbers in both words and figures, to such of the candidates, their election agents or polling agents as may be present, and obtain a receipt for such copy, and if any such person refuses to give any receipt, the Presiding Officer shall record that fact.]

 
 

(12) The Presiding Officer shall seal in separate packets-

 
 

(a) un-issued ballot papers;

 
 

(b) spoilt ballot papers;

 
 

(c) tendered ballot papers;

 
 

(d) challenged ballot papers;

 
 

(e) the marked copies of the electoral rolls;

 
 

(f) counterfoils of used ballot papers;

 
 

(g) the tendered votes list;

 
 

108[(gg) ballot box issue forms showing the total number of ballot boxes issue and used.]

 
 

(h) the challenged votes list; and

 
 

(i) such other papers as the Returning Officer may direct.

 
 

109[(13) The Presiding Officer shall obtain on each statement and packet prepared under this Article the signature of such of the contesting candidates or their election agents or polling agents as may be present, and if any such person refuses to sign, the Presiding Officer shall record that fact.]

 
 

(14) A person entitled to sign a packet or statement under clause (13) may, if he so desires, also affix his seal to it.

 
 

(15) After the close of the proceedings under the foregoing clause the Presiding Officer shall, in compliance with such instructions as may be given by the Commission in this behalf, cause the packets, the statement of the count and the ballot paper account prepared by him to be sent to the Returning Officer together with such other records as the Commission may direct 110[, and shall also send a copy of the statement of the count to the Commission by post.]

37. (1) The Returning Officer shall give the contesting candidates and their election agents a notice in writing of the day, time and place for the consolidation of the results and, in the presence of such of the contesting candidates and election agents as may be present, consolidate in the prescribed manner the results of the count furnished by the Presiding Officer, including, therein the postal ballots received by him before the time aforesaid.
 
 
(2) Before consolidating the results of the count, the Returning Officer shall examine the ballot papers excluded from the count by the Presiding Officer and, if he finds that any such ballot paper should not have been so excluded, count it as a ballot paper cast in favour of the contesting candidate for whom the vote has been cast thereby.
 
 
(3) The Returning Officer shall also count the ballot papers received by him by post in such manner as may be prescribed and include the votes cast in favour of each contesting candidate in the consolidated statement except those which he may reject on any of the grounds mentioned in clause (4) of Article 36.
 
 
(4) The ballot papers rejected by the Returning Officer under clause (3) shall be shown separately in the consolidated statement.
 
 
(5) The Returning Officer shall not recount the valid ballot papers in respect of any polling station unless-
 
 
(a) the count by the Presiding Officer is challenged in writing by a contesting candidate or his election agent and the Returning Officer is satisfied about the reasonableness of the challenge; or
 
 
(b) he is directed so to do by the Commission.
38. Where, after consolidation of the results of the count under Article 37, it is found that there is equality of votes between two or more contesting candidates and the addition of one vote for one such candidate would entitle him to be declared elected, the Returning Officer shall forthwith draw a lot in respect of such candidates, and the candidate on whom the lot falls shall be deemed to have received the highest number of votes entitling him to be declared elected. The lot shall be drawn in the presence of such of the contesting candidates and their election agents as may be present. The Returning Officer shall record the proceedings in writing, and obtain thereon the signature of such candidates and election agents as have been witness to the proceeding.
39. (1) The Returning Officer shall, after obtaining the result of the count under Article 37 or of the drawal of the lot under Article 38, declare by public notice the contesting candidate who has or is deemed to have received the highest number of votes to be elected.
 
 
 
 
(2) The public notice shall contain the name of, and the total number of votes received by, each contesting candidate 111[as a result of consolidation under Article 37 or drawal of lot under Article 38].
 
 
(3) The Returning Officer shall, immediately after publication of the notice under clause (1), submit to the Commission a return of the election in the prescribed form together with a copy of the consolidated statement.
 
 
 
 
(4) The Commission shall publish in the official Gazette the name of the returned candidate.
40. The Returning Officer shall-
 
 
 
 
(a) immediately after preparing the consolidated statement and the return of election result in the prescribed manner the packets and statement opened by him for the purpose of consolidation permitting such of the candidates and their election agents, as may be present to sign the packets and affix their seals to such packets if they so desire; and
 
 
 
 
(b) supply duly attested copies of the consolidated statement and the return of election to such of the candidates and their election agents as may desire to have them.

41. (1) After the termination of the proceedings relating to an election under Article 17 where the proceedings have been so terminated, or after the declaration of the result of an election under Article 19, or Article 39, the deposit made under Article 13 in respect of any candidate shall be returned to the person making it or to his legal representative except the deposit in respect of a candidate who has received less than one-eighth of the total number of votes cast at the election.

 
 
 
 

(2) A deposit which is not required to be returned under clause (1) shall be forfeited to the Government.

42. (1) The Returning Officer shall retain on behalf of the Commission-
 
 
 
 
(a) the packets containing the ballot papers each of which shall be sealed with the seal of the Presiding Officer, or, if opened by the Returning Officer, with the seal of the Returning Officer;
 
 
 
 
(b) the packets containing the counterfoils of issued ballot papers;
 
 
 
 
(c) the packets containing the marked copies of the electoral rolls;
 
 
(d) the packets containing the ballot paper account;
 
 
 
 
(e) the packet containing the tendered ballot papers, the challenged ballot papers, the tendered votes list and the challenged votes list; and
 
 
 
 
(f) such other papers as the Commission may direct.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Returning Officer shall endorse on each packet retained under clause (1) the description of its contents, the date of the election to which the contents relate and the name and number of the constituency for which the election was held.
 
 
 
 
(3) The documents contained in the packets mentioned in clause (1) shall be retained for a period of one year, and thereafter the Commission shall, unless otherwise directed by the High Court Division, cause them to be destroyed.
43. The documents retained under Article 42, except the ballot papers, shall be open to public inspection at such time and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, and the Returning Officer shall, upon an application made in this behalf and on payment of such fee and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, furnish copies of, or extracts from, those documents.
44. (1) The High Court Division may order the opening of packets of counterfoils and certificates or the inspection of any counted ballot papers.
 
 
(2) An order under clause (1) may be made subject to such conditions as to persons, time, place and mode of inspection, production of documents and opening of packets as the High Court Division making the order may think expedient:
 
 
Provided that in making and carrying into effect an order for the inspection of counted ballot papers, care shall be taken that no vote shall be disclosed until it has been held by the High Court Division to be invalid.
 
 
 
 
(3) Where an order is made under clause (1), the production by the Returning Officer of any document in such manner as may be directed by the order shall be conclusive evidence that the document relates to the election specified in the order, and any endorsement or any packet of ballot papers so produced shall be Prima facie evidence that the ballot papers are what the endorsement states them to be.
 
 
4) The production from proper custody of a ballot paper purporting to have been used at an election, and of a counterfoil having a number, shall be Prima facie evidence that the elector whose vote was given by that ballot paper was the elector who had on the electoral roll the same number as was written on the counterfoil.
 
 
(5) Save as in this section provided, no person shall be allowed to inspect any rejected or counted ballot paper in the possession of the Returning Officer.

112Chapter IIIA

ELECTION EXPENSES

44A. In this Chapter, "election expenses" means any expenditure incurred or payment made, whether by way of gift, loan, advance, deposit or otherwise, for the arrangement, conduct or benefit of, or in connection with, or incidental to, the election of a candidate, including the expenditure on account of issuing circulars or publications or otherwise presenting to the electors the candidate or his views, aims or objects, but does not include the deposit made under Article 13.

44AA. (1) 113[At the time of submitting the nomination paper, every contesting candidate shall submit to the Returning Officer,] a statement, in the prescribed form, of the probable sources of fund to meet his election expenses showing-

 
 

(a) the sum to be provided by him from his own income and the sources of such income;

 
 

(b) the sum to be borrowed, or received as voluntary contribution, from his relations and the sources of their income;

 
 

(c) the sum to be borrowed, or received as voluntary contribution, from any other person;

 
 

(d) the sum to received as voluntary contribution from any political party, organisation or association;

 
 

(e) the sum to be received from any other source 114[:

 
 

Provided that the provisions of sub-clauses (a) to (e) shall not apply to a case where the amount of such sum is not more than taka five thousand to be received as voluntary contribution or grant.]

 
 

Explanation - In this clause, “relations” mean spouse, parents, sons, daughters, brothers and sisters.

 
 

(2) The statement under clause (1) shall be accompanied by a statement, in the prescribed form, of the contesting candidate's assets and liabilities and his annual income and expenditure and 115[***], a copy of the income-tax return last submitted by him.

 
 

(3) A copy of the statement submitted under clause (1), together with a copy of the statement and the return mentioned in clause (2), shall be sent by the contesting candidate to the Commission by registered post at the time of their submission to Returning Officer.

 
 

(4) If the contesting candidate receives any sum from any source other than any of the sources mentioned in his statement submitted under clause (1), he shall, 116[ with the return under clause (1) of Article 44C ] , submit a supplementary statement to the Returning Officer showing the sum so received and the source from which it is received, and a copy of such statement shall be sent by him to the Commission by registered post at the time of its submission to the Returning Officer.

44B. (1) No person shall, except to the extent provided in clause (2), make any payment whatsoever towards the election expenses of a candidate except to the election agent of such candidate.

 
 

(2) No person other than the election agent of a contesting candidate shall incur any election expenses of such candidate:

 
 

Provided that-

 
 

117[* * *]

 
 

(ii) any person may, if so authorised by the election agent in writing specifying a maximum amount, to the extent of such amount, make payment for stationery, postage, telegram and other petty expenses.

 
 

118[119[(3) The election expenses of a contesting candidate, including the expenditure incurred for him by the political party which has nominated him as its candidate, shall not exceed taka 120[121[twenty five] lakh:] 122[:

 
 

Provided further that the election expenses of a contesting candidate shall be determined per capita on the basis of total number of electors in a constituency and a notification to that effect shall be published in the official Gazette.]

 
 
 
 

(3A) The amount of the money mentioned in clause (3) or any portion thereof shall not be utilised for-

 
 

(a) printing of a poster with more than one colour; or

 
 

123[(aa) printing of a poster of a size bigger than the size prescribed or specified by the Commission; or]

 
 

124[***]

 
 
 

(d) setting up a pandal covering an area of more that four hundred square feet; or

 
 

(e) making any banner by using any cloth; or

 
 
 
 

(f) employing or using more than three microphones or loudspeakers at a time in a constituency; or

 
 

(g) commencing election publicity in any manner at any time three weeks prior to the date fixed for the poll; or

 
 

125[(h) setting up more than one election camp or office in any union or in any ward of a municipality or city, or more than one central election camp or office in any constituency; or

 
 

(hh) entertainment of electors in any manner; or]

 
 

(i) using any vehicle or vessel such as, truck, bus, car, taxi, motor cycle and speed-boat, for taking out any procession; or

 
 

126[(ii) hiring or using any vehicle or vessel of any kind for conveying electors to or from any polling station; or]

 
 

(j) illumination by use of electricity in any form; or

 
 

(k) using symbol or portrait of a candidate with more than one colour; or

 
 

(l) display of a symbol exceeding the size prescribed by the Commission. 127[; or

 
 

(m) writing in ink or paint or in any manner whatsoever as means of advertisement for propogating election campaign 128[; or]

 
 

129[(n) to operate camps on the polling day.]

 
 
 
 

130[(3B) Any money utilized in violation of any provision of clause (3A) shall be deemed to be election expenses incurred by the contesting candidate concerned in excess of the amount mentioned in clause (3) and shall be deemed to be a contravention of Article 44B.]

 
 

(4) Any candidate incurring personal expenditure and any person making any payment under clause (2) shall, within 131[seven days] of the declaration of the result of the election, send to the election agent a statement of such expenditure or particulars of such payment.

 
 

(5) An election agent shall, by a bill stating the particulars and by a receipt, vouch for every payment made in respect of election expenses except where the amount is less than Taka 132[one hundred].

133[44BB. Every election agent or, where there is no such agent, the contesting candidate shall-
 
 
 
 
(a) open as separate account with a scheduled bank for the purpose of making payments of the election expense, other than personal expenditure, that may be incurred in pursuance of the provisions of Article 44B;
 
 
 
 
(b) make from that account all payments towards the said election expense, other than personal expenditure.]
 
 
44C. (1) Every election agent of a contesting candidate shall, within 134[thirty days] after the publication of the name of the returned candidate under Article 19, or Article 39, submit to the Returning Officer a return of election expenses in the prescribed form containing-
 
 
(a) a statement of all payments made by him 135[each day] together with all the bill and receipts;
 
 
136[(aa) a statement certified by the scheduled bank refered to in clause (a) of article 44BB showing the amount deposited in and withdrawn from the account opened under that clause;]
 
 
(b) a statement of the amount of personal expenditure, if any, incurred by the contesting candidate;
 
 
(c) a statement of all disputed claims of which the election agent is aware;
 
 
(d) a statemer of all unpaid claims, if any, of which the election agent is aware;
 
 
137[(e) a statement of all sums received from any sources, together with evidence of such receipts, for the purpose of election expenses, specifying the name of every such source.]
 
 
(2) The return submitted under clause (1) shall be accompanied by an affidavit sworn severally by the contesting candidate and his election agent or, where a contesting candidate is his own election agent, only by such candidate.
 
 
138[(3) A copy of return submitted under clause (1), together with a copy of the affidavit mentioned in clause (2), shall be sent by the election agent to the Commission by registered post at the time of their submission to the Returning Officer.]

139[44CC. (1) Every political party setting up any candidate for election shall maintain proper account of all its income and expenditure for the period from the date of publication of notification under clause (1) of Article 11 till the completion of elections in all the constituencies in which it has set up candidates and such account shall show clearly the amount received by it as donation above 140[taka five thousand] from any candidate or any person seeking nomination or from any other person or source giving their names and addresses and the amount received from each of them and the mode of receipt.

 
 

(2) The funds of every such political party shall be deposited and maintained in any scheduled bank.

 
 

(3) No such political party shall expend during the aforesaid period for election purposes, including election expenses for the contesting candidates set up by it, an amount exceeding-

 
 

(a) where the number of such candidates is more than two hundred, 141[taka four crore and fifty lakh],

 
 

(b) where the number of such candidates is more than one hundred but not more than two hundred, 142[taka three crore],

 
 

(c) where the number of such candidates is, 143[ more than fifty but not more than one hundred, taka one crore and fifty lakh] 144[,

 
 
 
 

(d) where the number of such candidates is not more than fifty, taka seventy five lakh:

 
 

Provided that the amount mentioned in sub-clauses (a), (b), (c) and (d) shall be subject to maximum taka one lakh and fifty thousand per candidate145[:

 

Provided further that the expenditure incurred by the party chief for travelling to various constituencies for the purposes of election campaign shall be excluded.]

 
 
 
 

(4) No such political party shall receive any donation amounting to more than 146[taka twenty thousand] unless it is made by cheque.

 
 

(5) If any political party contravenes any provision of this Article, it shall be punishable with fine which may extend to taka ten lakh.

44CCC. (1) Every political party nominating any candidate for election shall submit to the 147[Commission, for its scrutiny, within ninety days] of the completion of election in all constituencies, an expenditure statement giving details of the expenses incurred or authorised by it in connection with the election of its candidates for the period from the date of publication of the notification under clause (1) of Article 11 till the completion of elections in all the constituencies in which it has set up candidates.
 
 
(2) The expenditure mentioned in clause (1) shall include, to be shown separately, expenditure incurred on general propagation of the manifesto, policy, aims and objects of the party and expenditure incurred or authorized in connection with the election of each of its contesting candidates.
 
 
(3) 148[Every statement submitted under clause (1) shall be certified to be correct and complete by the secretary to the party, showing] the opening balance of the party funds on the date of publication of the notification under clause (1), of Article 11, the closing balance of the funds on the date of completion of election in all constituencies and the total amount received by the party, as donation or otherwise, during the period between the said two dates.
 
 
149[***]
 
 
150[(5) If any registered political party fails to submit its expenditure statement within the time specified in clause (1), the Commission shall issue a notice of warning directing it to submit the statement within thirty days and if the concerned registered political party fails to submit it within that period of time, the Commission may, subject to payment of a fine of taka ten thousand, extend the time for another fifteen days, and if such registered political party fails to submit its statement within that extended time, the Commission may cancel its registration.]
151[44D.(1) The statement, return and documents submitted under Articles 44AA, 44C and 44CCC shall be kept by the Returning Officer or the Commission, as the case may be, in his or its office or at such other convenient place as he or it may think fit and shall, during one year from the date of receipt, be open for inspection by any person on payment of the prescribed fees.
 
 
(2) The Commission or the Retuning Officer shall, on an application made in this behalf and on payment of the prescribed fees, give any person copies of any statement, return or document or any part thereof kept under clause (1).
 
 
(3) The copies of the statements, return or documents under clause (1) shall be published in the website of the Commission.]

152Chapter IIIB

ADMINISTRATION AND CONDUCT DURING ELECTION PERIOD

44E. (1) During the period after the publication of a notification under Article 11 and the expiration of fifteen days after the declaration of the result of the election by the Returning Officer under Article 39, no-
 
 
153[***]
 
 
154[(aa) Divisional Commissioner;
 
(aaa) Metropolitan Police Commissioner;]
 
 
(b) Deputy Commissioner,
 
 
(c) Superintendent of Police, or
 
 
(d) Officer subordinate to any of them serving in the 155[division, district or metropolitan area] concerned, shall be transfered to any place without prior consultation with the Commission.
 
 
156[(2) When it appears necessary to transfer any employee of any department of the Government or of any other organisation in the interest of fair election, the Commission may request the concerned authority in the matter in writing and such transfer shall have to be made effective as soon as possible on receipt of such request from the Commission.]
 
 
(3) No person whose name appears in a panel prepared under Article 9 shall be transfered outside the district without the prior approval of the Returning Officer till the polls are taken.
 
 
(4) All persons mentioned in clause (1) shall render all such assistance and help as may be required by the Returing Officer for the purposes of the election.]

Chapter IV

[ELECTION EXPENSES

[Omitted]
Omitted by section 6 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (L of 1978).]

Chapter V

ELECTION DISPUTES

157[49. (1) No election shall be called in question except by an election petition presented by a candidate for that election in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.
 
 
 
 
(2) An election petition shall be presented to the High Court Division within such time as may be prescribed.
 
 
 
 
(3) An election petition shall be accompanied by as many copies thereof as there are respondents mentioned in the petition and every such copy shall be attested by the petitioner under his own signature to be a true copy of the petition.
 
 
 
 
(4) At the time of presenting an election petition, the petitioner shall deposit in the High Court Division in accordance with the rules of the High Court Division a sum of 158[Taka five thousand] as security for the costs of the petition.]

50. The petitioner shall join as respondents to his election petition-

 
 
 
 

(a) all contesting candidates; and

 
 

(b) any other candidate against whom any allegation, if any, of any corrupt or illegal practice is made 159[. ]

 
 
 
 

160[* * *]

 
 
 
 

Explanation-In this Article and in the following provisions of this Chapter, “corrupt or illegal practice” means a “corrupt practice” or an “illegal practice” within the meaning of Chapter VI.

51. (1) Every election petition shall contain-
 
 
 
 
(a) a precise statement of the material facts on which the petitioner relies;
 
 
 
 
(b) full particulars of any corrupt or illegal practice or other illegal act alleged to have been committed, including as full a statement as possible of the names of the parties alleged to have committed such corrupt or illegal practice or illegal act and the date and place of the commission of such practice or act; and
 
 
 
 
(c) the relief claimed by the petitioner.
 
 
 
 
(2) A petitioner may claim as relief any of the following declarations, namely-
 
 
 
 
(a) that the election of the returned candidate is void;
 
 
 
 
(b) that the election of the returned candidate is void and that the petitioner or some other person has been duly elected; or
 
 
 
 
(c) that the election as a whole is void.
 
 
 
 
(3) Every election petition and every schedule or annex to that petition shall be signed by the petitioner and verified in the manner laid down in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 for the verification of pleadings.
[Omitted]
52. [Omitted by section 21 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).]
[Omitted]
53. [Omitted by section 21 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).]
[Omitted]
54. [Omitted by section 21 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).]
[Omitted]
55. [Omitted by section 21 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).]
[Omitted]
56. [Omitted by section 21 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).]
57. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Order and the rules, every election petition shall be tried, as nearly as may be, in accordance with the procedure for the trial of suits under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908:
 
 
 
 
Provided that the High Court Division may-
 
 
 
 
(a) make a memorandum of the substance of the evidence of each witness as his examination proceeds unless it considers that there is special reason for taking down the evidence of any witness in full; and
 
 
 
 
(b) refuse to examine a witness if it considers that his evidence is not material or that he has been called on a frivolous ground for the purpose of delaying the proceedings.
 
 
 
 
(2) Subject to the provisions of this Order the Evidence Act, 1872, shall apply for the trial of an election petition.
 
 
 
 
(3) The High Court Division may, at any time, upon such terms and on payment of such fee as it may direct, allow a petition to be amended in such manner as may, in its opinion, be necessary for ensuring a fair and effective trial and for determining the real questions at issue, so however that no new ground of challenge to the election is permitted to be raised.
 
 
 
 
(4) At any time during the trial of an election petition, the High Court Division may call upon the petitioner to deposit such further sum by way of security, in addition to the sum deposited under Article 49, as it may think fit.
 
 
161[(5) The High Court Division shall not adjourn the trial of an election petition for any purpose unless such adjournment is in its opinion necessary in the interest of justice.
 
 
 
 
(6) The High Court Division shall try an election petition as expeditiously as possible and shall endeavour to conclude the trial within six months from the date on which the election petition is 162[presented] to it for trial 163[.]
 
 
 
 
164[* * *]]
 
 
58. The High Court Division shall dismiss an election petition, if-
 
 
 
 
(a) the provisions of 165[Article 49 or] Article 50 or Article 51 have not been complied with; or
 
 
 
 
(b) the petitioner fails to make the further deposit required under clause (4) of Article 57.
[Omitted]
59. [Omitted by section 24 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).]
60. (1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other law for the time being in force, no document shall be inadmissible in evidence at the trial of an election petition only on the ground that it is not duly stamped or registered.
 
 
(2) No witness shall be excused from answering any question as to any matter in issue, or relevant to a matter in issue, in the trial of an election petition upon the ground that the answer to such question may incriminate or tend to incriminate him or that it may expose or tend to expose him to penalty or forfeiture but no witness shall be required or permitted to state for whom he has voted at an election.
 
 
(3) A witness who answers truly all questions which he is required to answer shall be entitled to receive a certificate of indemnity from the High Court Division and answer given by him to a question put by or before the High Court Division shall not, except in the case of any criminal proceeding for perjury in respect of his evidence be admissible in evidence against him in any civil or criminal proceedings.
 
 
(4) A certificate of indemnity granted to any witness under clause (3) may be pleaded by him in any Court and shall be a full and complete defence to or upon any charge under Chapter IXA of the Penal Code or under this Order arising out of the matter to which such certificate relates but it shall not be deemed to relieve him from any disqualification in connection with an election imposed by any law for the time being in force.
 
 
(5) The reasonable expenses incurred by any person in attending to give evidence may be allowed to him by the High Court Division and shall, unless the High Court Division otherwise directs, be deemed to be part of the costs.
61. (1) Where in an election petition a declaration is claimed that a candidate other than the returned candidate has been duly elected, the returned candidate or any other party may produce evidence to prove that the election of such other candidate would have been declared void had he been the returned candidate and had a petition been presented calling his election in question:
 
 
 
 
Provided that the returned candidate or such other party as aforesaid shall not be entitled to give such evidence unless he has, within the fourteen days next following the commencement of the trial, given notice to the High Court Division of his intention so to do and has also deposited the security referred to in Article 49.
 
 
 
 
(2) Every notice referred to in clause (1) shall be accompanied by a statement of the case, and all the provisions relating to the contents, verification, trial and procedure of an election petition, or to the security deposit in respect of an election petition shall apply to such a statement as if it were an election petition.
62. (1) The High Court Division may, upon the conclusion of the trial of an election petition, make an order-
 
 
 
 
(a) dismissing the petition;
 
 
 
 
(b) declaring the election of the returned candidate to be void;
 
 
 
 
(c) declaring the election of the returned candidate to be void and the petitioner or any other contesting candidate to have been duly elected; or
 
 
 
 
(d) declaring the election as a whole to be void.
 
 
 
 
(2) Save as provided in clause (3), the decision of High Court Division on an election petition shall be final.
 
 
 
 
166[(3) Any person aggrieved by a decision of the High Court Division may, within thirty days of the announcement of the decision, appeal to the Appellate Division, if it grants leave to appeal.]

63. (1) The High Court Division shall declare the election of the returned candidate to be void if it is satisfied that-

 
 
 
 

(a) the nomination of the returned candidate was invalid; or

 
 
 
 

(b) the returned candidate was not, on the nomination day, qualified for, or was disqualified from, being elected as a member; or

 
 
 
 

(c) the election of the returned candidate has been procured or induced by any corrupt or illegal practice; or

 
 
 
 

(d) a corrupt or illegal practice has been committed by the returned candidate or his election agent or by any other person with the connivance of the candidate or his election agent; or

 
 

167[(e) The returned candidate has spent more money than what is allowed under Article 44B(3).]

 
 
 
 

(2) The election of a returned candidate shall not be declared void on the ground-

 
 
 
 

(a) that any corrupt, or illegal practice has been committed if the High Court Division is satisfied that it was not committed by, or with consent or connivance of, that candidate or his election agent and that the candidate and the election agent took all reasonable precaution to prevent its commission; or

 
 
 
 

(b) that any of the other contesting candidates was, on the nomination day, not qualified for, or was disqualified from, being elected as a member.

64. The High Court Division shall declare the election of the returned candidate to be void and the petitioner or any other contesting candidate to have been duly elected, if it is so claimed by the petitioner or any of the respondents and the High Court Division is satisfied that the petitioner or such other contesting candidate was entitled to be declared elected.
65. The High Court Division shall declare the election as a whole to be void if it is satisfied that the result of the election has been materially affected by reason of-
 
 
 
 
(a) the failure of any person to comply with the provisions of this Order and the rules; or
 
 
 
 
(b) the prevalence of extensive corrupt or illegal practice at the election.
66. (1) Where, after the conclusion of the trial, it appears that there is an equality of votes between two or more contesting candidates, and the addition of one vote for one such candidate would entitle him to be declared elected, the High Court Division shall so inform the Commission. In the event that no appeal is filed against the decision of the High Court Division, the Commission shall, after expiry of the period specified for the filing of an appeal, direct a fresh poll to be taken in respect of the said candidate, and fix a date for such poll, but otherwise, the Commission shall await the result of the appeal and shall act as above only if the decision of the High Court Division is uphold in appeal on all points.
 
 
(2) All the provisions of this Order relating to polling, counting of votes, preparation of ballot paper account declaration of result and preservation and inspection of documents shall apply to the fresh poll as at an election held under the provisions of this order.
168[67. (1) The High Court Division shall, as soon as possible after the conclusion of the trial of an election petition, intimate the substance of its decision to the Commission and shall, as soon as may be, send to the Commission an authenticated copy of its order.
 
 
 
 
(2) As soon as may be after the receipt of any order made by the High Court Division under Article 62, the Commission shall publish it in the official Gazette.
 
 
 
 
(3) An order made by the High Court Division under Article 62 shall take effect on the date on which it is made.]
68. 169[(1) An election petition may be withdrawn by leave of the High Court Division].
 
 
 
 
(2) Where leave is granted by the High Court Division, the petitioner shall be ordered to pay the costs incurred by the respondents to the election petition or such portion thereof as the High Court Division may direct.
69. (1) An election petition shall abate on the death of a sole petitioner or of the sole survivor of several petitioners.
 
 
 
 
170[(2) Where an election petition abates under clause (1), notice of the abatement shall be given by the High Court Division to the Commission.]
70. If, before the conclusion of the trial of an election petition, a respondent dies or gives notice in the prescribed form that he does not intend to contest the petition, and no respondent remains to contest the petition, the High Court Division shall, without any further hearing, or after giving such persons as it may think fit an opportunity of being heard, decide the case ex parte.
71. Where, at any stage of the trial of an election petition, no petitioner makes an appearance, the High Court Division may dismiss the petition for default, and make such order as to costs as it may think fit.
72. (1) The High Court Division shall, when making an order under Article 62, also make an order determining in its discretion the costs and specifying the persons by and to whom such costs are to be paid.
 
 
 
 
(2) If, in any order as to costs under clause (1), there is a direction for the payment or costs by any party to any person, such costs shall, if they have not already been paid, be payable in full, and shall upon application in writing in that behalf made to the High Court Division within six months of the order by the person to whom costs have been awarded, be paid, as far as possible, out of the security for costs deposited by such party.
 
 
 
 
(3) Where no costs have been awarded against a party who has deposited security for costs, or where no application for payment of costs has been made within the aforesaid six months, or where a residue remains after costs have been paid out of the security, such security or the residue thereof, as the case may be, shall, upon application in writing therefor by the person who made the deposit or by his legal representative, be returned by the High Court Division to the person making the application.
 
 
(4) Any order for costs may be enforced upon application in writing made to the principal civil Court of original jurisdiction of the district in which the person from whom the costs are to be recovered resides or owns property, or of the district in which the constituency, or any part of the constituency, to which the disputed election relates, is situated as if such order were a decree passed by that Court:
 
 
 
 
Provided that no proceeding shall be brought under this clause except in respect of costs which have not been recovered by an application under clause (2).
 
 

Chapter VI

OFFENCES, PENALTY AND PROCEDURE

73. A person is guilty of corrupt practice punishable with 171[rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine], if he-
 
 
 
 
172[* * *]
 
 
 
 
173[(2) has not any election expenses from any source other than sources specified by the contesting candidate in the statement or the supplementary statement submitted under Article 44AA;
 
 
 
 
(2A) contravenes the provisions of Article 44B;
 
 
 
 
(2B) is guilty of bribery, personation or undue influence;]
 
 
(3) makes or publishes a false statement-
 
 
 
 
(a) concerning the personal character of a candidate or any of his relations calculated to adversely affect the election of such candidate or for the purpose of promoting or procuring the election of another candidate unless he proves that he had reasonable grounds for believing and did believe, the statement to be true;
 
 
 
 
(b) relating to the symbol of a candidate, whether or not such symbol has been allocated to such candidate; or
 
 
 
 
(c) regarding the withdrawal of a candidate;
 
 
 
 
(4) calls upon or persuades any person to vote, or to refrain from voting for any candidate on the ground that he belongs to a particular religion, community, race, caste, sect or tribe;
 
 
 
 
(5) knowingly, in order to support or oppose a candidate, lets, lends, employs, hires, borrows or uses any vehicle or vessel for the purpose of conveying to or from the polling station any elector except himself and members of his immediate family; or
 
 
 
 
(6) causes or attempts to cause any person present and waiting to vote at the polling station to depart without voting.
74. A person is guilty of illegal practice 174[punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine], if he-
 
 
 
 
175[* * *]
 
 
 
 
176[(2) fails to comply with the provisions of Article 177[44AA or] 44C
 
 
(2A) obtains or procures, or attempts to obtain or procure, the assistance of any person in the service of Bangladesh to further or hinder the election of a candidate;]
 
 
 
 
(3) votes or applies for a ballot paper for voting at an election knowing that he is not qualified for, or is disqualified from, voting;
 
 
 
 
(4) votes or applies for a ballot paper for voting more than once in the same polling station;
 
 
 
 
(5) votes or applied for a ballot paper for voting in more than one polling station for the same election;
 
 
 
 
(6) removes a ballot paper from a polling station during the poll; or
 
 
 
 
(7) knowingly induces or procures any person to do any of the aforesaid acts.

75. A person is guilty of bribery, if he, directly or indirectly, by himself or by any other person on his behalf,-

 
 
 
 

(1) receives or agrees to receive or contracts for any gratification for voting or refraining from voting, or for being or refraining from being a candidate at, or for withdrawing from an election;

 
 
 
 

(2) gives, offers or promises any gratification to any person-

 
 
 
 

(3) (a) for the purpose of inducing-

 
 
 
 

(i) a person to be, or to refrain from being a candidate at an election;

 
 
 
 

(ii) an elector to vote, or refrain from voting at an election; or

 
 
 
 

(iii) a candidate to withdraw an election; or

 
 
 
 

(b) for the purpose of rewarding-

 
 
 
 

(i) a person for having been, or for having refrained from being, a candidate at an election;

 
 

(ii) an elector for having voted or refrained from voting at an election; or

 
 
 
 

(iii) a candidate for having withdrawn from an election.

 
 
 
 

Explanation- In this article “gratification” includes a gratification in money or estimable in money and all forms of entertainment or employment.

76. A person is guilty of personation, if he votes, or applies for a ballot paper or voting, as some other person whether that other person is living or dead or fictitious.

77. A person is guilty of undue influence, if he,-

 
 
 
 

(1) in order to induce or compel any person to vote or refrain from voting, or to offer himself as a candidate, or to withdraw his candidature, at an election, directly or indirectly by himself or by any other person on his behalf,-

 
 
 
 

(a) makes or threatens to make use of any force, violence or restraint;

 
 
 
 

(b) inflicts or threatens to inflict any injury, damage, harm or loss;

 
 
 
 

(c) calls down or threatens to call down divine displeasure of any saint or Pir;

 
 
 
 

(d) gives or threatens to give any religious sentence; or

 
 
 
 

(e) uses any official influence or governmental patronage; or

 
 
 
 

(2) on account of any person having voted or refrained from voting, or having offered himself as a candidate, or having withdrawn his candidature, does any of the acts specified in sub clause (1);

 
 
 
 

(3) by abduction, duress or any fraudulent device or contrivance,-

 
 
 
 

(a) impedes or prevents the free exercise of the franchise by an elector; or

 
 
 
 

(b) compels, induces or prevails upon any elector to vote or refrain in from voting.

 
 

Explanation- In this Article “harm” includes socialostracism or ex communication or expulsion from any caste or community.

78. (1) No person shall convene, hold or attend any public meeting, and no person shall promote or join in any procession within the area of any constituency 178[during the period beginning at forty-eight hours prior to start of the poll and ending at forty-eight hours after conclusion of the poll] for any election in that constituency.

 
 

179[(1A) During the time mentioned in Article 78(1) no person shall:

 
 

(a) Resort to an act of violence or unruly behaviour,

 
 

(b) hold threats or intimidate voters or persons connected with election activities or duties,

 
 

(c) show or use any arms or force.]

 
 

(2) Any person who contravenes 180[the provisions of clause (1) or clause (1A)] shall be punishable with 181[rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine].

79. A person is guilty of an offence 182[punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall not be less than six months, and also with fine], if he, within a radius of four hundred yards of the polling station, on the polling day-
 
 
 
 
(1) canvasses for votes;
 
 
(2) solicits the vote of any elector;
 
 
 
 
(3) persuades any elector not to vote at the election or for a particular candidate; or
 
 
 
 
(4) exhibits, except with the permission of the Returning Officer and as a place reserved for the candidate or his election agent beyond the radius of one hundred yards of the polling station, any notice, sign, banner or flag designed to encourage the electors to vote, or discourage the electors from voting, for any contesting candidate.

80. A person is guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 183[three years and shall not be less than six months, and also with fine ], if he, on the polling day,-

 
 
 
 

(1) uses, in such manner as to be audible within the polling station, any gramophone, megaphone, loudspeaker or other apparatus for reproducing or amplifying sounds;

 
 
 
 

(2) persistently shouts in such manner as to be audible within the polling station;

 
 
 
 

(3) does any act which-

 
 
 
 

(a) disturbs or causes annoyance to any elector visiting a polling station for the purpose of voting; or

 
 
 
 

(b) interferes with the performance of the duty of a Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer, Polling any duty at a polling station; or

 
 
 
 

(4) abets the doing of any of the aforesaid acts.

 
 
 
 

81. (1) Except as provided in clause (2) a person is guilty of an offence punishable with 184[rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to 185[seven years] and shall not be less than three years, and also with fine], if he-

 
 

(a) intentionally defaces or destroys any nomination paper, ballot paper or official mark on a ballot paper;

 
 

(b) intentionally takes out of the polling station any ballot paper or puts into any ballot box any ballot paper other than the ballot paper he is authorised by law to put in;

 
 

186[(bb) is found in possession of any ballot paper or ballot paper book or is seen exhibiting them before the members of the public outside the polling station;]

 
 

(c) without due authority,-

 
 

(i) supplies any ballot paper to any person;

 
 

(ii) destroys, takes, opens or otherwise interferes with any ballot box or packet of ballot papers in use for the purpose of election; or

 
 

(iii) breaks any seal affixed in accordance with the provisions of this Order;

 
 

187[(cc) without due authority and reasonable excuse destroy or interfere with any device, accessories or software programme that is used, or intended to be used, for or in connection with EVM.]

 
 

(d) forges any ballot paper or official mark;

 
 

(e) causes any delay or interruption in the beginning, conduct or completion of the procedure required to be immediately carried out on the close of the poll 188[;

 
 

(f) in the furtherance of the prospect of the election of a contesting candidate or to subvert election, captures, or abets or connives at, the capturing of, a polling station or polling booth-

 
 

(i) and compels the polling authorities to surrender the ballot papers, ballot boxes or other polling materials and documents and do any other acts affecting the orderly conduct of election or counting of votes or preparation of documents relating to election; or

 
 

(ii) drives out any candidate or his election agent or polling agent from the polling station and compels the polling authorities to proceed with the election work in their absence; or

 
 

(iii) drives out polling authorities, seizes the ballot papers, ballot boxes, polling materials and documents and use them fraudulently in such manner as he likes; or

 
 

(iv) allows only his supporters or supporters of his candidate or the candidate of his political party to vote and prevents others from voting.]

 
 

(2) A Returning Officer, Assistant Returning Officer, Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer or any other officer or clerk on duty in connection with the election, who is guilty of an offence under clause (1), shall be punishable with 189[rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and shall not be less than three years, and also with fine].

82. A person is guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 190[five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine], if he-
 
 
 
 
(1) interferes or attempts to interfere with an elector when he records his vote;
 
 
 
 
(2) in any manner obtains or attempts to obtain in a polling station information as to the candidate for whom an elector is about to vote or has voted; or
 
 
 
 
(3) communicates at any time any information obtained in a polling station as to the candidate for whom an elector is about to vote or has voted.
83. A Returning Officer, Assistant Returning Officer, Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer, or Polling Officer, or any candidate, election agent or polling agent attending a polling station, or any person attending at the counting of votes is guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 191[five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine] if he-
 
 
(1) fails to maintain or aid in maintaining the secrecy of voting;
 
 
(2) communicates, except for any purpose authorised by any law, to any person before the poll is closed any information as to the official mark; or
 
 
(3) communicates any information obtained at the counting of votes as to the candidate for whom any vote is given by any particular ballot paper.
84. A Returning Officer, Assistant Returning Officer, Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer, Polling Officer or any other officer or clerk performing any duty in connection with an election, or any member of a police force, is guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 192[five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine], if he, in the conduct or management of an election or maintenance of order at a polling station,-
 
 
 
 
(1) persuades any person to give his vote;
 
 
 
 
(2) dissuades any person from giving his vote;
 
 
 
 
(3) influences in any manner the voting of any person; or
 
 
 
 
(4) does any other act calculated to influence the result of the election.

193[84A. If a person by threat, intimidation, hurt or otherwise by application of force, obstructs or tries to obstruct any person performing duties in connection with any election under this Order, or obstructs or tries to obstruct any representative of media or observer authorized by the Commission in connection with any election under this Order, and/or does any harm to his body or damage to his equipment related to performance of duty or prevents or tries to prevent any voter from going to polling station to cast vote or any candidate from submitting nomination paper, or compels or tries to compel any candidate to withdraw nomination paper, shall be guilty of an offence and shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine.]

85. A Returning Officer, Assistant Returning Officer, Presiding Officer, Assistant Presiding Officer or any other person employed by any such officer in connection with his official duties imposed by or under this Order is guilty of an offence punishable 194[with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to Taka five thousand, or with both], if he, wilfully and without reasonable cause, commits breach of any such official duty, by act or omission.
86. A person in the service of Bangladesh is guilty of an offence punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 195[five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine], if he, misuses his official position in a manner calculated to influence the result of the election.
196[87. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), or in any other law for the time being in force, a member of any law enforcing agency performing any duty in connection with an election-
 
 
 
 
(a) shall have, even if he is not a police officer, the same powers as a police officer has under the said Code for arrest without warrant any person, other than a person performing any duty in connection with an election, who commits an offence under Article 73(2B),197[(4),] (5) and (6), Article 74(2A), (3), (4), (5) and (6), Article 78, Article 79, Article 80, Article 81(1) and Article 82, or for the maintenance of peace, law and order, in the polling station or within a radius of four hundred yards of the polling station, on the polling day, as if he were a police officer;
 
 
 
 
(b) shall arrest without warrant any person who commits an offence under any of the Articles mentioned in clause (a), if the Returning Officer of the Presiding Officer so directs;
 
 
(c) may arrest without warrant any person, who being removed from the polling station by the Presiding Officer under Article 30, commits any offence in the polling station;
 
 
 
 
(d) may remove any notice, sign, banner of flag used in contravention of Article 79;
 
 
 
 
(e) may seize any instrument or apparatus used in contravention of Article 80; and
 
 
 
 
(f) may take such steps, including use of force, as may be reasonably necessary for the exercise of his powers and performance of his duties under this Article.]
198[87A. (1) Any police officer, or any other member of a law enforcing agency performing any duty in connection with an election, shall remove or cause to be removed, or direct the removal of, whenever or wherever he comes to know about it or it comes to his notice, any-
 
 
(a) multi-coloured poster or portrait of a candidate or the poster or symbol of a candidate which is bigger than the size prescribed or specified by the Commission;
 
 
(b) gate, arch or barricade erected for a candidate;
 
 
(c) pandal of a candidate covering an area of more than four hundred square feet;
 
 
199[***]
 
 
(e) micro-phone or loudspeaker used by a candidate in excess of three in number in a constituency at any given time;
 
 
(f) election camp or office of a candidate in excess of one in union, or in a ward of a municipality or city or in excess of one central camp or office in a constituency;
 
 
(g) illumination as part of election campaign of a candidate by use of electricity in any form; and
 
 
(h) writing in ink or paint or in any other manner whatsoever as a means of advertisement for a candidate in any wall, building, pillar, bridge, vehicle or vessel, or in any other place or object not belonging to the candidate or not meant for such advertisement.
 
 
 
 
(2) If a police officer or any other member of a law enforcing agency fails or neglects to take action under clause (1), without any reasonable cause, he shall be deemed to be guilty of inefficiency or misconduct and his appointing authority shall, on being requested to do so by the Commission or the Returning Officer, take appropriate disciplinary action against him and inform the Commission or the Returning officer, as the case may be, about the action so taken, and shall note the action in the relevant service record.
 
 
(3) A Returning Officer or an Assistant Returning Officer may direct any police officer, or any other member of a law enforcing agency performing any duty in connection with an election, to remove, within such time as he may specify, any matter, thing or article which is liable to be removed under clause (1), and such police officer or member of the law enforcing agency shall take prompt action in accordance with such direction and report compliance to the Returning Officer and the Assistant Returning Officer, and if such police officer or member of the law enforcing agency fails, refuses or neglects to comply, without any reasonable cause, he shall be deemed to be guilty of inefficiency or misconduct and the provision of clause (2) shall apply in this respect.
 
 
(4) A Returning Officer or an Assistant Returning Officer may give a direction to a candidate or his election agent to remove immediately any matter, thing or article which is liable to be removed under clause (1), and the candidate or his election agent shall act in accordance with such direction, and report compliance to the Returning Officer and the Assistant Returning Officer; and if he fails or refuses or neglects to comply, without any reasonable cause, he shall be deemed to be guilty of corrupt practice under Article 73.
 
 
(5) Any matter, thing or article removed by any police officer or any other member of a law enforcing agency shall be deemed to have been seized from the possession of the candidate, and shall, if not destroyed in course of such removal, be kept in the custody, of the nearest police station and shall be destroyed or forfeited to the state, if no election petition is pending, after the expiry of a period of six months from the date of such custody.
 
 
(6) A police officer or any other member of a law enforcing agency may take, or cause to be taken, such steps or measures, including use of force, as may be necessary for performing any function or exercising any power under this Article.
 
 
(7) Any action taken under this Article shall be promptly communicated to the Commission, and also to the Returning Officer and the Assistant Returning Officer.
 
 
(8) Any action taken under this Article shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any other action or punishment that may be taken or imposed under any other provision of this Order.
 
 
(9) An action under this Article may be taken at anytime during the period from the date of the notification under clause (1) of Article 11 till the close of the poll in the entire constituency concerned (both days inclusive). ]
[Omitted]
88. [Omitted by section 19 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (X) of 1991.]
89. (1) No Court shall take cognizance of an offence under clause (2) of Article 81, Article 83, Article 84, Article 85 or Article 86, except upon a complaint in writing made by order of, or under authority from, the Commission.
 
 
 
 
(2) The Commission shall, if it has reason to believe that any offence specified in clause (1) has been committed, cause such enquiries to be made or prosecution to be instituted as it may think fit.

200[89A. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (V of 1898), any person for the time being performing any duty in connection with an election, excluding any member of a law enforcing agency, may, if authorized by the Commission, by general or special order, in this behalf-

 
 

(a) exercise the powers of a Magistrate of the first class under the said Code in respect of the offences punishable under 201[Article 73(2B), 74(2A), (3), (4), (5), (6),], Article 78, Article 79, Article 80, Article 81(1) and Article 82; and

 
 

(b) take cognizance of any such offence under any of the clauses of sub-section (1) of section 190 of the said Code, and shall try any such offence in a summary manner in accordance with the provisions of the said Code relating to summary trials.]

90. No prosecution for an offence under Article 73 or Article 74 shall be commenced except-
 
 
 
 
(a) within six months of the commission of the offence; or
 
 
 
 
(b) if the election at which the offence was committed is subject to an election petition and the High Court Division has made an order in respect of such offence, within three months of the date of such order.
 
 
 
 

202Chapter VIA

REGISTRATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES WITH THE COMMISSION

90A. For the purpose of this Order, any political party may be registered with the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in Article 90B.

90B. (1) If any political party desires to be registered, it shall-(a) fulfill one of the following conditions, namely-

 

(i) secured at least one seat with its electoral symbol in any parliamentary election held since the independence of Bangladesh; or

 

(ii) secured five percent of total votes cast in the constituencies in which its candidates took part in any of the aforesaid parliamentary elections; or

 
 

(iii) established a functional central office, by whatever name it may be called with a central committee 203[,functional] district offices in at least in one-third administrative districts, offices 204[in] at least one hundred Upazilas or Metropolitan Thana having a minimum number of two hundred voters as its members in each of them; and

 
 

(b) In addition to comply with the terms and conditions referred to in 205[sub-clause(a)], political party, disiring to be registered with the commission, shall have the following specific provisions in its constitution, namely-

 
 

(i) to elect the members of the committees at all levels including members of the central committee ;

 

(ii) to fix the goal of reserving at least 33% of all committee positions for women including the central committee and successively achieving this goal by the year 206[2030];

 

(iii) to prohibit formation of any organization or body as its affiliated or associated body 207[consisting of] the teachers or students of any educational institution or the employees or labourers of any financial, commercial or industrial institution or establishment or the members of any other profession :

 

Provided that nothing shall prevent them from organizing independently in their respective fields or forming association, society, trade union etc. and exercising all democratic and political rights, and individual, subject to the provisions of the existing laws, to be a member of any political party.

 

(iv) to finalize nomination of candidate by central parliamentary board of the party in consideration of panels prepared by members of the Ward, Union, Thana, Upazila or District committee, as the case may be, of concerned constituency.

 
 

(2) If an independent member of parliament joins any unregistered political party, the fact of his joining shall not qualify that party for registration with the commission.

 
90C. (1) A political party shall not be qualified for registration under this Chapter, if-
 
 
(a) the objectives laid down in its constitution are contrary to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh ; or
 
(b) any discrimination regarding religion, race, caste, language or sex is apparent in its constitution ; or
 
(c) by name, flag, symbol or any other activity it threatens to destroy communal harmony or lead the country to cessation; or
 
(d) its constitution reflects the objectives of maintaining and nourishing party-less or one-party system; or
 
(e) there is any provision in its consititution for the establishment or operation of any office, branch or committee outside the territory of Bangladesh.
 
 
(2) No political party shall be registered under a name, under which another political party has already been registered :
 
Provided that where more than one party apply for registration with the same name and no party has already been registered under such name, the Commission may, after giving the parties reasonable opportunity of being heard, register any of the parties with such name.
 
 
(3) Commission shall not register any political party banned by the Government.
 

90D. Any political party complying with the conditions laid down in Article 90A, Article 90B and not disqualified under Article 90C may apply for registration in the prescribed manner under the signature of its Chairman and General Secretary or any other person holding the equivalent rank :

 

Provided that the Commission may allow any political party to apply for registration which has a provisional consititution containing provisions as specified under sub-clauses (b)(i), (b)(ii), (b)(iii) and (b)(iv) of clauses (1) of Article 90B as well as complying with the provisions under Article 90C along with a resolution of the highest policy-making body of the party, by whatever name it may be called, to the effect that the party shall submit a ratified consititution 208[within 209[30 (thirty) days from the date of application for registration].

 
90E. (1) The Commission shall, after taking a decision to register a political party, issue a registration certificate in the prescribed form and shall publish it in the Official Gazette.
 
(2) If the application for registration of a political party is cancelled, the Commission shall, within seven working days, inform the concerned party of it in writing.
 
(3) The decision on registration by the Commission shall be final.
 
90F. (1) Subject to the provision of clause (2), a registered political party shall be entitled to-
 
(a) receive donation or grants from any person, company, group of companies or non-government organization except the sources mentioned in clause (1) of Article 44CC :
 
Provided that such amount of donation or grants shall not exceed the following limits, in a calendar year-
 
 
(i) in the case of a person, taka 210[ten] lakh or property or service equivalent to it ;
 
(ii) in the case of a company or organization, taka 211[fifty] lakh or property or service equivalent to it ;
 
(b) one of the prescribed symbols for all the candidates set up by it in any election under this Order or rules according to the preference indicated by it and the symbols so allotted shall be kept reserved for it, unless it indicates its preference for any other prescribed symbol available ;
 
(c) one set of election rolls in compact disk (CD) or digital versatile disk (DVD) or any other electronic format at free of cost ;
 
 
(d) broadcasting and telecasting facilities in the state-owned media during the general election to Parliament according to the principles and guidelines prescribed by the Commission ; and
 
(e) be consulted with by the Commission in respect of any matter relating to election, particularly problems of and measures for holding election fairly, peacefully and in accordance with this Order and rules.
 
 
(2) No registered political party shall receive any gift, donation, grant or money from any other country, or non-government organization assisted by foreign aid or from any person who is not a Bangladeshi by birth or any organization established or maintained by such person.
 
 
 
90G. A registered political party shall inform the Commission in the prescribed manner about the compliance of the provisions in 212[clause (1)(b) of Article 90B].
 
 

90H. (1) The registration of a political party may be cancelled for the following reasons, namely-

 
 

(a) if the party is declared dissolved according to the constitution of the party by the highest decision making body, by whichever name it is called, or an application is made to the Commission along with the minute for dissolution of the party under the signature of the chairman and general secretary of the party or any other person holding equivalent rank;

 
 

(b) if the political party is declared banned by the Government;

 
 

(c) if the political party fails to provide any information under this Order and rules to the Commission 213[for three consecutive years];

 
 

(d) if the political party violates the provision of 214[clause (1)(b) of Article 90B]; 215[***]

 
 

(e) if the political party does not participate in the parliamentary elections for two consecutive terms 216[; or

 

(f) if the political party fails to submit a ratified constitution within the stipulated period as mentioned in the proviso of Article 90D. ]

 
 

(2) The Commission shall, prior to cancellation of registration under 217[sub-clauses (c), (d), (e) and (f)] give the concerned political party an opportunity of being heard in the prescribed manner.

 
 

(3) No political party shall be registered in the name of a political party which has been declared dissolved.

 
 

(4) The name of the dissolved and cancelled political parties shall be published in the Official Gazette.

 
 
90I. If a registered political party is aggrieved by an order of cancellation of registration by the Commission, it may prefer an appeal to the High Court Division.]
 
 

Chapter VII

MISCELLANEOUS

218[91. 219[* * *] Save as otherwise provided, the Commission may-

 
 

(a) stop the polls at any polling station 220[or entire constituency, as the case may be,] at any stage of the 221[polling] if it is convinced that it shall not be able to ensure the conduct of the 222[polling] justly, fairly and in accordance with law due to malpractices, including coercion, intimidation and pressures, prevailing at the 223[polling];

 

224[(aa) withhold the result of any polling station or polling stations, if it is convinced that the result of such polling station or polling stations was grossly prejudiced by malpractices including coercion, intimidation, manipulation or otherwise, and after prompt inquiry of the matter, in a manner as it may deem appropriate, direct publication of the result of such polling station or polling stations or declare the election of any such polling station or polling stations cancelled with direction for holding of a fresh poll in such polling station or polling stations, as that may seem to it to be just and appropriate;]

 
 

(b) review an order passed by an officer under this Order or the rules, including rejection or acceptance of a ballot paper; and

 
 

(c) issue such instructions and exercise such powers, and make such consequential orders as may, in its opinion, be necessary for ensuring that an election of any polling station is conducted impartially, justly and fairly, and in accordance with the provisions of this Order and the rules.

91A. (1) 225[* * *] The Commission shall establish a Committee to ensure the prevention and control of pre-poll irregularities, to be known as the Electoral Enquiry Committee, hereinafter refereed to as “the Committee.”

 
 

(2) 226[* * *] The Committee shall consist of such number of persons as may be determined by the Commission from amongst the Judicial Officers.

 
 

(3) 227[* * *] The Committee shall, on the basis of information received by it, or complaints made to it, or on its own initiative, inquire into any matter or situation which in its view may constitute an offence under this order, or 228[any pre-poll irregularity including any situation or matter which, in its opinion, may involve], by any person whosoever, as act or omission constituting intimidation, obstruction, coercion, or the publication of false information, or any other act or omission intended to or actually resulting in the obstruction or frustration of the preparation for, or the conduct of, free and fair election in accordance with this Order and the rules.

 
 

(4) 229[* * *] In performing its function under this order, and subject to the direction of the Commission, the Committee may conduct any inquiry as it deems necessary before the election is over.

 
 

(5) 230[* * *] The Committee, in conducting such inquiry, shall have the right to:

 
 

(a) require, in writing, any person to appear before it and give evidence under oath or affirmation to it; and

 
 

(b) require, in writing, any person to produce any documents or objects under his control to it.

 
 

231[(6) After conducting an inquiry, the Committee shall inform the Commission within three days of the inquiry and may make a recommendation which may include-

 
 

(a) proposals for any order, directive or instruction to be made by the Commission to any person responsible for any act to stop such act forthwith; or

 
 

(b) in the case of any omission, to perform any specific act, including, if necessary, the appropriate correction of any false information.]

 
 

 

 
 

232[(6a) After receiving the recommendation under clause (6), the Commission may issue necessary order or instruction to the concerned person, or registered political party to implement the recommendation.

 
 

(6b) Where, any order or instruction is issued under clause (6a), the concerned person or registered political party shall carry out the same instantly.

 
 

(6c) In the event of non-compliance of an order or instruction made under clause (6a), the Commission may impose a fine not exceeding taka one lakh but not less than taka twenty thousand upon the concerned person or registered political party, and by a notification published in the official Gazette, cancel the candidature of the candidate.]

 
 

233[(7) The Commission shall, for the purpose of clause (1), specify the acts and omissions which shall be deemed to be per-poll irregularities and shall publish them in the official Gazette or in such other manner as it deems fit.

 
 

(8) Any proceeding before the Committee shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860).

 
 

(9) The Committee shall have the powers of a civil Court, while trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), in respect of enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath or affirmation and compelling the production of documents and material objects.]

234[91B. (1) The Commission may, for the purpose of ensuring free and air election, formulate a Code of Conduct not inconsistent with the Provisions of this Order.
 
 
 
 
(2) Violation of any provision of the Code of Conduct shall be deemed to be pre-poll irregularity within the meaning of article 91A.]

235[91C. (1) The Commission may permit in writing any person, whether national or foreign, as an election observer who is in no way associated with or affiliated to, any political party or contesting candidate and who is not known for his sympathy, direct or indirect, for any particular political ideology, creed or cause or for any manifesto, program, aims or object of any political party or contesting candidate.

 
 
 
 

(2) An election observer may, in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Commission, observe any poll by staying, near about any polling station or entering into, with the permission of the Presiding Officer, any polling booth or polling station or by being present at the counting of votes or consolidation of the results of the count.

 
 
 
 

(3) No election observer shall be allowed to observe the poll as aforesaid, unless he displays the permit of the Commission bearing his name, nationality and photograph attested by the Commission.

 
 

(4) An election observer may be asked by any Returning Officer or Presiding Officer to leave any constituency or polling station, if he is found indulging in any activities not befitting any neutral election observer or interfering with the polling process or with the work of the election authorities in any manner.

 
 
 
 

(5) Any action taken under clause (4) shall be reported to the Commission forthwith.

 
 
 
 

(6) An election observer may submit a report to the Commission or the Returning Officer on his observation about the fairness or otherwise of the poll, discipline and situation inside and outside the polling station, counting of votes, consolidation of the results of the count, compliance with the provisions of this Order or the rules or the Code of Conduct, or on any other matter relating to election.

 
 
 
 

(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Order, the Commission or the Returning Officer, as the case may be, may consider the report of an election observer along with any other report submitted or sent to it or him under this Order at the time of taking any decision under any provision of this Order in respect of any matter on which the report of the observer has any bearing.

91D. (1) The Commission, while making an enquiry under any provision of this Order, shall have, for the purposes of such enquiry, all the powers of a civil Court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), in respect of the following matters, namely:-
 
 
 
 
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him on oath;
 
 
 
 
(b) requiring the discovery and production of any document or other material object producible as evidence;
 
 
 
 
(c) receiving evidence on affidavit;
 
 
 
 
(d) requisitioning any public record or any copy thereof from any Court or office;
 
 
 
 
(e) issuing commission for examination of witnesses or documents.
 
 
(2) Any proceeding before the Commission shall be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of sections 193 and 228 of the Penal Code (XLV of 1860).
 
 
 
 
(3) The Commission shall be deemed to be a civil Court within the meaning of sections 476, 480 and 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (V of 1898).
 
 
 
 
(4) The Commission shall have the power to regulate its own procedure.
 
 
 
 
(5) Any person holding an enquiry under any provision of this Order, under the authority or direction of the Commission shall have the same powers as are vested in the Commission under this Article.]

236[91E. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Order or rules, if it appears to the Commission on receiving an information from any source or written report that, any contesting candidate or his agent or any other person on his behalf, by his order or under his direct or indirect consent, engages or attempts to engage in any serious illegal activity or violates or attempts to violate any provision of this Order or rules or Code of Conduct for which he may be disqualified to be elected as a member, the Commission may pass an order for an investigation of the matter giving the contesting candidate a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

 
 

(2) After receiving the investigation report under clause (1), if the Commission is satisfied that, the report was true, the Commission may, by a written order, cancel the candidature of such candidate and in that event the election shall be held among the other contesting candidates of the concerned constituency; and where only one person remains as a contesting candidate because of cancellation of cadidature of the other contesting candidate, election shall be held under Article 17 for that constituency 237[:]

 

238[Provided that the candidate whose candidature has been cancelled under this clause shall not be eligible to be elected under Article 17.]

 
 

(3) Any order made under clause (2) shall be sent to the concerned candidate or his election agent by hand or by fax or by e-mail or by courier service or by any other possible means.

 
 

(4) The order made under clause (2) shall immediately be sent to the Returning Officer, Presiding Officer and other contesting candidates and the political party that has nominated such candidate.

 
 

(5) The order made under clause (2) shall be notified in the Official Gazette and in any other manner which the commission thinks fit.]

92. No Court shall question the legality of any action taken in good faith by or under the authority of, the Commission, a Returning Officer, Presiding Officer or an Assistant Presiding Officer or any decision given by any of them or by any other officer or authority appointed under this Order or the rules.
93. No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Commission or any Officer or other person in respect of anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under or in pursuance of this Order or of any rule or order made or any direction given thereunder.
239[93A. The Government may provide the contesting candidates or the political parties which have nominated them as candidates with such facilities as it deems fit for the purpose of ensuring a fair election.]
240[94. The Commission may, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Order.]
241[94A. The Government shall publish an authentic text in Bangla of this Order in the Official Gazette after promulgation of his Ordinance:
 
Provided that in case of conflict between the Bangla and the English text, the English text shall prevail.]
 
95. The following laws are hereby repealed-
 
 
 
 
(1) The National and Provincial Assemblies (Election) Ordinance, 1970 (XIII of 1970).
 
 
 
 
(2) The Legal Frame Work Order, 1970 (P. O. No. 2 of 1970).
 
 

  • 1
    Throughout this Order the words “the High Court Division” Or “the High Court Division” and “High Court Division” were substituted for the words “a Tribunal” Or” Tribunal” and the words “Tribunal” wherever occurring respectively by section 16 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).
  • 2
    Clause (ia) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 3
    Clause (iia) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 4
    Clause (iii) was substituted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. L of 1978)
  • 5
    Clause (vi) was substituted by section 2(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 6
    Clauses (viiia) and (viiib) were inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 7
    Clause (xi) was substituted by section 2 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 8
    The words, comma, numbers and bracket ভোটার তালিকা আইন, ২০০৯ (২০০৯ সনের ৬নং আইন) were substituted for the words, comma, numbers and bracket “the Electoral Rolls Ordinance, 2007 (Ord. No. XVII of 2007)” by section 2(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 9
    Clause (xia) was omitted by section 2 of the Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 10
    Clause (xia1) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No IV of 2019).
  • 11
    Clause (xiaa) was substituted by section 2 of the Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 12
    The words “Border Guard Bangladesh” were substituted for the words “Bangladesh Rifles” by section 2(c) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 13
    Clause (xiva) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 14
    Clause (xixa) was substituted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 15
    Clause (xxia) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 16
    Clause (xxiiia) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 17
    Clause (xxiv) was substituted by section 2(d) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 18
    Articles 3 and 3A were substituted for Article 3 by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 19
    Article 3 was substituted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 20
    The words “the Chief Election Commissioner or any of the Election Commissioners” were substituted for the words “its chairman or any of its members” by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 21
    Article 7 was substituted by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 22
    The marginal note “Appointment of District Returning Officer and Returning Officer, etc.” were omitted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 23
    The words “or constituency" were inserted after the word “district" by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 24
    Clause (7) was substituted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 25
    Clause (1) was substituted by section 3 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 26
    The words “The Commission may make such alterations in the list of polling stations as it may consider necessary and shall, at least twenty five days” were substituted for the words, figure and brackets “The Commission may make such alterations in the list of polling stations submitted under clause (1) as it may consider necessary and shall, at least fifteen days” by section 3 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 27
    Clause (5) was added by section 3 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 28
    Clauses (1), (1A) and (1B) were substituted for former clause (1) by section 5 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 29
    The words, brackets and figures “immediately after the publication of notification under clause (1) of Article 11” were inserted after the words “that constituency” by section 4 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 30
    Sub-clause (a) was substituted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Fourth Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XIX of 1986)
  • 31
    The words “or days” were inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Fourth Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XIX of 1986)
  • 32
    The words “or days” were inserted after the words “a day” by section 5 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 33
    The words “or the Assistant Returning Officer” were inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVII of 1986)
  • 34
    Clause (1) was substituted by section 6 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 35
    Sub-clause (j) was omitted by section 5(a)(i) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 36
    The words “seven days from" were omitted by section 3(a) (i) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 37
    The word “which” was substituted for the word “who” by section 5(a)(ii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 38
    The words “seven days from” were omitted by section 3(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No 4 of 2019).
  • 39
    The words “the concerned company or firm” were substituted for the word “him” by section 5(a)(ii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 40
    The words “seven days from" were omitted by section 3(a) (ii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 41
    Sub-clause (o) was substituted by section 5(a)(iii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 42
    Clause (b) was substituted by section 5(a)(iv)(1) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 43
    Clause (c) was omitted by section 5(a)(iv)(2) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 44
    Clause (1A) was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Sixth Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. LIX of 1986).
  • 45
    The word "city" was substituted for the word "Municipal" by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 46
    The words "Ward Commissioner" were substituted for the words "Chairman or member of a ward committee thereof" by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 47
    The word “and” at the end of sub-clause (a) was omitted by section 6(b) of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 48
    The semi-colon (;) and the word “and” were substituted for the full stop (.) at the end of sub-clause (b) by section 6(b) of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 49
    Sub-clause (c) was inserted by section 6(b) of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 50
    Clause (3) was substituted by section 3(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No 4 of 2019).
  • 51
    Clauses (3a) and (3b) were inserted by section 6(c) of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 52
    Proviso was substituted by section 5(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 53
    The word “and" was omitted by section 3(b) (i) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 54
    The symbol “;" was substituted for the symbol “.” by section 3(b) (ii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 55
    Sub clause (i) was added by section 3(b) (ii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 56
    The comma and words ", and a nomination paper may be delivered to both the Retutung Officer and the Assistant Returung Officer" were inserted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVII of 1986).
  • 57
    The words, bracket and numbers “except the one found valid under clause (3a) of Article 14” were substituted for the words and comma “except the one received first by the Returning Officer or the Assistant Returning Officer, as the case may be” by section 5(c) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 58
    Clause (6a) was inserted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVII of 1986)
  • 59
    The words, brackets and letter “or received by the Assistant Returning Officer and forwarded to him under clause (6a)” were inserted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVII of 1986)
  • 60
    The words “a sum of taka twenty thousand is deposited in cash or by bank draft or pay order or treasury challan in favour of the Election Commission” were substituted for the words “a sum of Taka ten thousand is deposited in cash” by section 6 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 61
    Sub-clause (b) was substituted by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVII of 1986)
  • 62
    Article 13A was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Third Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVIII of 1986)
  • 63
    The word “three” was substituted for the word “five” by section 7 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 64
    Clause (2) was omitted by section 7 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 65
    The word “three” was substituted for the word “five” by section 7 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 66
    The words and figure “delivered of forwarded to him under Article 12” were substituted for the words “delivered to him” by section 5 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1986 (Ordinance No. XVII of 1986)
  • 67
    Clause (3a) was inserted by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 68
    The comma (,) after the word “it” was omitted by section 8 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 69
    The comma (,) after the word “shall” and the words and comma “in the case of rejection,” were omitted by section 8 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 70
    Clause (5) was substituted by section 8 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 71
    The words “the decision of the Returning Officer on " were substituted for the words “rejection of " by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 72
    Article 16 was substituted by section 8 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 73
    The words, figures, bracket and comma “or if his candidature is cancelled under clause (2) of Article 91E,” were inserted after the word and comma “dies,” by section 9 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 74
    The colon (:) was substituted for the full-stop(.) at the end of clause (2) and thereafter the proviso was inserted by section 8 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act. No. XXIII of 1994).
  • 75
    Clauses (a) and (aa) were substituted for previous clause (a) by section 6 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 76
    The colon (:) was substituted for the semi-colon (;) and therafter the proviso was inserted by section 10 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Ordinance, 2008 (Ord. No. 42 of 2008).
  • 77
    The words “in the case of independent” were substituted for the words “in the case of other” by section 10 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 78
    The word “and” was inserted after semi-colon “;” at the end of sub-clauses (aa) by section 10 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 79
    The full stop (.) was substituted for the semi-colon (;) at the end and the word “and” was omitted by section 10 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 80
    Sub-clause (c) and 1st, 2nd and 3rd provisos were omitted by section 10 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 81
    Clause (1) was substituted by section 11 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 82
    Clause (3) was inserted by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 83
    The colon (:) was substituted for the full-stop (.) and thereafter the provisos were inserted by section 8 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 84
    Article 25 was substituted by section 5 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 85
    The words “or by using EVM or by both” were inserted after the words “secret ballot” by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No 4 of 2019).
  • 86
    Article 26A, 26B, 26C and 26D were inserted after Article 26 by section 5 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No 4 of 2019).
  • 87
    Clause (1) was substituted by section 12 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 88
    The word, bracket and letter “and (c)” was inserted after the words, bracket and letter “sub clause (a)” by section 9 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 89
    Sub-clause (aa) was substituted by section 10 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 90
    The words “with his own seal and signature and with the seals or signatures of the contesting candidates or election agents or polling agents present who may wish to seal or sign it” were inserted by section 9 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 91
    Clauses (b) and (bb) were substituted for previous clause (b) by section 10 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 92
    Clauses (1), (1A) and (1B) were substituted for former clause (1) by section 10 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 93
    The words “the electoral roll” were substituted for the words “his identity card” by section 13 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 94
    The words “or allow him to cast his vote by using EVM” were added after the words “a ballot paper” by section 6 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No 4 of 2019).
  • 95
    Clauses (1A) and (1B) were omitted by section 13 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 96
    Sub-clause (d) was substituted by section 6 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 97
    The semi-colon (;) was substituted for the full-stop (.) and thereafter clause (f) was added by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. XLIII of 1978)
  • 98
    Sub-clauses (a) and (aa) were substituted for former sub-clause (a) by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (XLIII of 1978)
  • 99
    The words “or polling agents” were inserted by section 11 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 100
    Clause (8) was omitted by section 13 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 101
    The words “election agent or” were inserted by section 12 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 102
    The words and comma “election agents, polling agents and election observers shall be allowed to remain” were substituted for the words “their election agents and polling agents shall be” by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 103
    Paragraph (i) was substituted by section 7(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 104
    The words "upon the request in writing " were substituted for the words "upon the request " by section 14 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Ordinance, 2008 (Ord. No. 42 of 2008).
  • 105
    The commas and words “, in both words and figures,” were inserted by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 106
    Clause (11) was substituted by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 107
    The commas and words “, on application," were omitted by section 7(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 108
    Sub-clause (gg) was added by section 11 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 109
    Clause (13) was substituted by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 110
    The comma (,) was substituted for the full-stop (.) and thereafter the words and full-stop (.) “and shall also send a copy of the statement of the count to the Commission by post.” were added by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 111
    The words and figure “as a result of consolidation under Article 37 or drawal of lot under Article 38” were added by section 14 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 112
    CHAPTER IIIA was inserted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Ordinance, 1985 (Ordinance No. IV of 1985).
  • 113
    The words and commas “At the time of submitting the nomination paper, every contesting candidate shall submit to the Returning Officer,” were substituted for the words and commas “Every contesting candidate shall submit to the Returning Officer, within seven days next followings the withdrawal day,” by section 15 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 114
    The colon (:) was substituted for the full stop (.) at the end and thereafter the proviso was added by section 15 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 115
    The commas and words “, if he is an income tax assessee," were omitted by section 8 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 116
    The words, figures and bracket “with the return under clause (1) of Article 44C” were substituted for the words “within three days after receipt of such sum” by section 15 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 117
    Sub-clause (i) was omitted by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001
  • 118
    Clauses (3) and (3A) were substituted for former clause (3) by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 119
    Clause (3) was substituted by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 120
    The words “fifteen lakh” were substituted for the words “five lakh” by section 16 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009).
  • 121
    The words “twenty five” were substituted for the word “fifteen” by section 11 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 122
    The colon (:) was substituted for the full stop (.) at the end and thereafter the proviso was inserted by section 16 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009).
  • 123
    Sub-clause (aa) was inserted by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 124
    Sub-clauses (b) and (c) were omitted by section 16 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 125
    Sub-clauses (h) and (hh) were substituted for former sub-clause (h) by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 126
    Sub-clause (ii) was inserted by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 127
    The semi-colon (;) and word “; or” were substituted for the full-stop (.) and thereafter sub-clause (m) was added by section 12 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (XXIII of 1994)
  • 128
    The semi-colon (;) and word “; or” were substituted for the full-stop (.) and thereafter sub-clause (n) was inserted by section 16(d) of Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No.XIII of 2009)(with effect from 19th August,2008)
  • 129
    Clause (n) was inserted by section 16 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 130
    Clause (3B) was inserted by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 131
    The words “seven days” were substituted for the words “fourteen days” by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 132
    The words “one hundred” were substituted for the words “five hundred” by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 133
    Article 44BB was inserted by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1996 (Act No. XIII of 1996)
  • 134
    The words “thirty days” were substituted for words “fifteen days” by section 17 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009).
  • 135
    The words “each day” were inserted by section 3 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 136
    Sub-clause (aa) was inserted by section 5 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1996 (Act No. XIII of 1996)
  • 137
    Sub-clause (e) was substituted by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 138
    Clause (3) was inserted by section 4 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 139
    Articles 44CC and 44CCC were inserted by section 18 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001).
  • 140
    The words “taka five thousand” were substituted for words “taka one thousand” by section 18 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 141
    The words “taka four crore and fifty lakh” were substituted for words “taka one hundred and fifty lakh” by section 18 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 142
    The words “taka three crore” were substituted for words and comma “taka one hundred lakh” by section 18 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 143
    The words “more than fifty but not more than one hundred, taka one crore and fifty lakh” were substituted for the words “not more than one hundred taka seventy five lakh” by section 18 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 144
    The comma (,) was substituted for the full stop (.) at the end and thereafter sub-clause (d) was added by section 18 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 145
    The colon (:) was substituted for the full-stop (.) and thereafter the proviso was added by section 12 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 146
    The words “taka twenty thousand” were substituted for the words “taka one thousand” by section 18 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 147
    The words and commas “Commission, for its scrutiny, within ninety days” were substituted for the words and commas “Returning Officers concerned, for their scrutiny, within sixty days” by section 19 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 148
    The words and figure “Every statement submitted under clause (1) shall be certified to be correct and complete by the secretary to the party, showing” were substituted for the words and commas “Every political party shall furnish to the commission a separate statement, certified to be correct and complete by the secretary to the party, showing” by section 19 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 149
    Clause (4) was omitted by section 19 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 150
    Clause (5) was added by section 19 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 151
    Article 44D was substituted by section 20 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009).
  • 152
    CHAPTER IIIB was inserted by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994).
  • 153
    Sub-clause (a) was omitted by section 21 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 154
    Sub-clause (aa) and (aaa) were substituted for the sub-clause (aa) by section 13(a)(i) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 155
    The words and comma “division, district or metropolitan area” were substituted for the word “district” by section 13(a)(ii) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 156
    Clause (2) was substituted by section 13(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 157
    Article 49 was substituted by section 19 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 158
    The words “taka five thousand” were substituted for the words “Taka two thousand” by section 14 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 159
    The full-stop (.) was substituted for comma (,) at the end of clause (b) by section 20 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 160
    The words and full-stop “and shall serve personally or by registered post on each such respondent a copy of his petition.” were omitted by section 20 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 161
    Clauses (5) and (6) were inserted by section 3 of the Representation of People (Amendment) Act, 1981 (Act No. XVI of 1981)
  • 162
    The word “presented” was substituted for the word “referred” by section 22 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 163
    The full-stop (.) was substituted for colon (:) by section 22 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 164
    The proviso was omitted by section 22 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 165
    The words and figure “Article 49 or” were inserted by section 23 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 166
    Clause (3) was substituted by section 27 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 167
    Sub-clause (e) was added by section 15 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 168
    Article 67 was substituted by section 29 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 169
    Clause (1) was substituted by section 30 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 170
    Clause (2) was substituted by section 31 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 171
    The words and comma “rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and comma “imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to Taka one thousand or with both” by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 172
    Clause (1) was omitted by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. L of 1978)
  • 173
    Clauses (2), (2A) and (2B were substituted for former the clauses (2) and (2A) by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 174
    The words and comma “punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine” were substituted for the words “punishable with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred” by section 8 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 175
    Clause (1) was omitted by section 8 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. L of 1978)
  • 176
    Clause (2) was substituted by section 5 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Ordinance, 1985 (Ordinance No. IV of 1985)
  • 177
    The figures, letters and word “44AA or” was inserted by section 8 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991
  • 178
    The words “during the period beginning at forty-eight hours prior to start of the poll and ending at forty-eight hours after conclusion of the poll” were substituted for the words “during a period of forty-eight hours ending at midnight following the conclusion of the poll” by section 22 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 179
    Clause (1A) was inserted by section 16 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 180
    The words, numbers and bracket “the provisions of clause (1) or clause (1A)" were substituted for the words, number and bracket “the provisions of clause (1)" by section 9 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 181
    The words and comma “rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years and shall not be less than two years, and also with fine” were substituted for the words “rigorous imprisonment which may extend to six months or with fine which may extend to Taka one thousand or with both ” by section 9 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 182
    The words “punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall not be less than six months, and also with fine” were substituted for the words “punishable with fine which may extend to Taka two hundred and fifty” by section 10 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 183
    The words and comma “three years and shall not be less than six months, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “three months, or with fine which may extend to Taka two hundred and fifty, or with both” by section 11 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 184
    The words and comma “rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and shall not be less than three years, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred, or with both” by section 12 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991).
  • 185
    The words “seven years” were substituted for the words “ten years” by section 23 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 186
    Sub-clause (bb) was inserted by section 23 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 187
    Sub-clause (cc) was inserted after sub-clause (c) by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2019 (Act No 4 of 2019).
  • 188
    The semi-colon (;) was substituted for the full-stop(.) and thereafter sub-clause (f) was added by section 34 of the Representation of the (Amendment) Act,2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 189
    The words and comma “rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and shall not be less than three years, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred, or with both” by section 12 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 190
    The words and comma “five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “six months, or with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred, or with both” by section 13 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 191
    The words and comma “five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “six months, or with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred, or with both” by section 14 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 192
    The words and comma “five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “six months, or with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred, or with both” by section 15 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 193
    Article 84A was inserted by section 10 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 194
    The words and commas “with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to Taka five thousand, or with both” were substituted for the words “with fine which may extend to Taka five hundred” by section 16 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 195
    The words and comma “five years and shall not be less than one year, and also with fine” were substituted for the words and commas “two years, or with fine which may extend to Taka one thousand, or with both” by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1991 (Act No. X of 1991)
  • 196
    Article 87 was substituted by section 35 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 197
    The bracket, number and comma “ (4),” was inserted after the word, number, bracket and comma“Article 73(2B),” by section 15 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 198
    Article 87A was inserted by section 36 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 199
    Sub-clause (d) was omitted by section 24 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009).
  • 200
    Article 89A was inserted by section 37 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 201
    The word, numbers, brackets and commas “ Article 73(2B), 74(2A), (3), (4), (5), (6),” were substituted for the words and number “Article 73 for personation” by section 16 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 202
    CHAPTER VIA was substituted by section 25 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009).
  • 203
    The comma and word “,functional” was substituted for the bracket, words and comma “(as a base for the organizing structure of the party in various administrative level in the country, effective)” by section 17(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 204
    The word “in” was substituted for the word “and” by section 17(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 205
    The word, bracket and letter “sub-clause (a)” was substituted for the word, bracket and number “clause (1)” by section 17(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 206
    The number “2030" was substituted for the number “2020" by section 11 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 207
    The words " consisting of " were substituted for the words " consisting to " by section 2 of the Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. LXIV of 2009) (with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 208
    The words “within twelve months” were substituted for the words “within six months” by section 3 of the Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. LXIV of 2009) (with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 209
    The number and words “30 (thirty) days from the date of application for registration " were substituted for the words “twelve months from the date of first sitting of ninth parliament " by section 12 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 210
    The word “ten” was substituted for the word “five” by section 18(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 211
    The word “fifty” was substituted for the words “twenty five” by section 18(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2013 (Act No. LI of 2013).
  • 212
    The words,brackets, numbers and letters "clause (1)(b)of Article 90B" were substituted for the words, brackets, numbers and letters " clause (2) of Article 90B by section 4 of Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. LXIV of 2009) (with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 213
    The words “for three consecutive years” were substituted for the words “for consecutive years” by section 5(a) of Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. LXIV of 2009)( with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 214
    The words, brackets and figures “clause (1) (b) of Article 90B” were substituted for the words, brackets and figures “clause (2) or (4) of Article 90B” by section 5 of Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. LXIV of 2009)(with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 215
    The word “or” at the end of sub-clause (d) was omitted by section 5 of Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. LXIV of 2009) (with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 216
    The semi-colon (;) and the word “or” were substituted for the full stop (.) at the end of sub-clause (e) and thereafter Sub-clause (f) was added by section 5 of Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. LXIV of 2009)(with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 217
    The words, brackets and comma “sub-clauses (c), (d), (e) and (f)” were substituted for the words, brackets and commas “clauses (c), (d) and (e)” by section 5(b) of Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No. LXIV of 2009)(with effect from 25th July, 2009).
  • 218
    Articles 91 and 91A were substituted for former Article 91 by section 17 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1994 (Act No. XXIII of 1994)
  • 219
    The marginal note “Commission to ensure fair election, etc.-” were omitted by section 40 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 220
    The words and commas “or entire constituency, as the case may be,” were inserted after the words “polling station” by section 26 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 221
    The word “polling" was substituted for the word “election" by section 13(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 222
    The word “polling" was substituted for the word “election" by section 13(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 223
    The word “polling" was substituted for the word “election" by section 13(a) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 224
    Sub-clause (aa) was inserted by section 13(b) of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 225
    The marginal note “Prevention and Control pre-poll irregularities:” were omitted by section 41 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 226
    The marginal note “Constitution of Committee:” were omitted by section 41 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 227
    The marginal note “Functions of the Committee:” were omitted by section 41 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 228
    The words and commas “any pre-poll irregularity including any situation or matter which, in its opinion, may involve” were substituted for the words “which may involve” by section 6 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1996 (Act No. XIII of 1996)
  • 229
    The marginal note “Inquiry by Committee:” were omitted by section 41 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 230
    The marginal note “Powers of Committee:” were omitted by section 41 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 231
    Clause (6) was substituted by section 27 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 232
    The words “twenty thousand taka” were substituted for the word and figure “Tk. 5000” by section 41 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 233
    Clauses (6a), (6b) and (6c) were inserted by section 27 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 234
    Article 91B was inserted by section 7 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 1996 (Act No. XIII of 1996)
  • 235
    Articles 91C and 91D were inserted by section 42 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 236
    Article 91E was inserted by section 28 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
  • 237
    The symbol “:" was substituted for the symbol “.” by section 14 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 238
    Proviso was inserted by section 14 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2023 (Act No XVII of 2023).
  • 239
    Article 93A was inserted by section 2 of the Representation of the People (Second Amendment) Ordinance, 1978 (Ordinance No. LII of 1978)
  • 240
    Article 94 was substituted by section 43 of the Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2001 (Act No. LVII of 2001)
  • 241
    Article 94A was inserted by section 29 of Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act. No. XIII of 2009) (with effect from 19th August, 2008).
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Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs